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Předmět, akademický rok 2017/2018
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Nationalism and Historiography in Central Eurasia. - JMM702
Anglický název: Nationalism and Historiography in Central Eurasia.
Zajišťuje: Katedra ruských a východoevropských studií (23-KRVS)
Fakulta: Fakulta sociálních věd
Platnost: od 2017
Semestr: letní
Body: 6
E-Kredity: 6
Způsob provedení zkoušky: letní s.:
Rozsah, examinace: letní s.:1/1 Zk [hodiny/týden]
Počet míst: 15 / neurčen (15)
Minimální obsazenost: neomezen
Stav předmětu: vyučován
Jazyk výuky: angličtina
Způsob výuky: prezenční
Poznámka: předmět je možno zapsat mimo plán
povolen pro zápis po webu
při zápisu přednost, je-li ve stud. plánu
Garant: Adrian Brisku, Ph.D.
Vyučující: Adrian Brisku, Ph.D.
Neslučitelnost : JMM096
Soubory Komentář Kdo přidal
stáhnout Ethnic Identity.doc Trimble, Dickson doc. PhDr. Emil Aslan, Ph.D.
Anotace - angličtina
Poslední úprava: Adrian Brisku, Ph.D. (23.01.2018)


Nationalism and historiography are interconnected concepts in the realms of politics and in the conceiving of the past. They feed on each other in terms of linking to power, symbolism and legitimacy. This is particularly the case for the wider region of "Central Eurasia". This one-semester course seeks to shed light on why and how local elites of the Caucasus and Central Asia (re)construct political histories of their nations.

Adrian Brisku (leading: adrian.brisku@fsv.cuni.cz)
Jamal Yazlieva (guest lecturer: jamal.yazlieva@gmail.com)
Podmínky zakončení předmětu - angličtina
Poslední úprava: Adrian Brisku, Ph.D. (23.01.2018)


1)    Attendance is mandatory as the course is designed as a seminar where substantial student participation is needed.

2)    For each class, a position paper of around 300 words should be prepared. Position papers should either address reading for particular class or constitute an analytical coverage of relevant topics. They should be done individually not as a group effort.

3)    To the 12th week’s class, a final paper of around 2000 words should be submitted to the lecturer.

4)    Active class participation – 10%, mid-term test – 30%, position papers – 30% and final paper - 30%. 



A - "výborně - A" - "excellent - A"
B - "výborně - B" - "excellent - B"
C - "velmi dobře - C" - "very good - C"
D - "velmi dobře - D" - "very good - D"
E - "dobře - E" - "good - E"
F - "neprospěl/a - F" - "fail - F"




  1. Students are supposed to write a short (ca 1-2 page) handout of their presentations’ main points – in accordance with the outlined structure (see below) - and distribute it among their colleagues and the lecturer before their presentations start. (Note that handouts are not thought to be essays).

  2. Failure to hand in a handout before the start of one’s presentation may lead to either disqualification of one’s presentation or a lower grade for it.

  3. Presentation topics are to be chosen by students until the 2nd week of the course at the latest. Otherwise students will be given a free topic out of remaining free ones by the lecturer.

  4. In case there are free topics after the 2nd week, students are encouraged to take unchosen presentations (up to one for a single student) in addition to the one they are requited to take.

  5. Presentations are expected to have a duration of 20-25min. Presentations significantly above (more than 30min) or below (less than 15min) the time limit can be accepted only in exceptional cases.

  6. Only those presentations given in class can be accepted. No written texts can substitute for missed presentations.

  7. Topics of already taken presentations cannot be changed unless previously approved (7 days in advance) by the lecturer.

  8. Dates of giving taken presentations cannot be changed unless previously approved – in exceptional cases.

  9. A student who has already taken a presentation topic but cannot give it in class due to any reasons is encouraged to agree with a colleague of him/her to timely replace him/her on the day of presentation.

  10. Failure to deliver an already chosen presentation automatically leads to one’s disqualification in the course unless being timely replaced by a colleague (see point 9).

  11. Students are encouraged to inform the lecturer about their failure to give presentations well in advance, though doing so will not exempt them from the above rules.

  12. All presentations are to be individual. No group presentations are accepted.

  13. Students are expected to use sources of their own choice while preparing their presentations.

  14. Students are strongly encouraged to start carrying out research on their respective topics of presentations well in advance.


Information on the Structure of Presentations

All presentations are expected to have the following structure:

  1. Introduction (explain the importance of the chosen topic);

  2. Methodology (explain the way you have proceeded while carrying out research on your topic; mention and/or characterize particular sources used by you; familiarize the audience with the structure of your presentation);

  3. Theses (familiarize the audience with the theses that you are going to unveil);

  4. Core of the presentation (try to be as concise and clear as possible; explicate events rather than bring a pure chronological order of them; bear in mind that learning chronology or a bulk of history-related information pertinent to specific case studies per se is not the goal of this course); If you feel that chronology is a necessary part of your presentation, it is suggested that you put a list of important chronological events onto your handout.

  5. Conclusion (draw up a clear conclusion emphasizing most important points of your presentation) ;

  6. Presentation-givers are expected to prepare 3 topic-related questions for class and be ready to answer them if necessary.

Presentations will be evaluated according to the following criteria:

  • Format (introduction/conclusion, methodology, interconnectedness of individual parts of the presentation, compliance with time requirements etc., see below);

  • Contents (quality of research and prepared questions);

  • Argumentation skills;

For each of the above three criteria, a maximum of 10 per cent can be earned.



During the 5th week, students are required to take a mid-term test consisting of around 10 questions related to the introductory theoretical part of the course. The duration of the test is 60 minutes. Those missing the test during the 5th week for pardonable reasons, will be obliged to take it during the 7th week of the course at the latest.



Students are required to write one final essay by the deadline set by the lecturers. No later submissions may be accepted. The topics of presentations are to be discussed with the lecturers. Plagiarized texts will be handed over the Faculty of Science's disciplinary committee. 

Sylabus - angličtina
Poslední úprava: Adrian Brisku, Ph.D. (23.01.2018)


1.     Introductory Seminar

2.     Identity, Ethnicity, Ethnogenesis

3.     National Past, Historiography and Historians

4.     Varieties of Nationalisms


6.     The Myth of Creation of the Nations: Central Asia

7.     The Myth of Golden Age: Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan

8.     The Myth of Resistance: The Basmachi Movement and Anti-Colonial Struggle

9.     National Historiography, Élite Ideology, and Nation-Building in Central Asia

10.  The Historiography of the Colonial Empire

11.  The Myth of Autochtonous Nations: The Karabakh Conflict

12.  The Myth of Violence and Suffering: Chechnya



1. Introductory Seminar

·       Syllabus of the course


2Identity, Ethnicity, Ethnogenesis

·       Victor A. Shnirelman, "Politics of Ethnogenesis in the USSR and after," Bulletin of the National Museum of Ethnology 30(1), (2005), pp: 93–119, http://ir.minpaku.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/10502/3305/1/KH_030_1_003.pdf

·       Joseph E. Trimble, Ryan Dickson, "Ethnic Identity," in: C. B. Fisher & Lerner, R. M.E. (eds.; in press), Applied Developmental Science: An Encyclopedia of Research, Policies, and Programs, (Thousand Oaks: Sage).


3. National Past, Historiography and Historians

·       John Coakley, "Mobilizing the Past: Nationalist Images of History," Nationalism and Ethnic Policies, 10(4), (2005), pp. 531-560 (Taylor & Francis Database);

·       Daniel Woolf, "Of Nations, Nationalism, and National Identity: Reflections on the Historiographic Organization of the Past", in: Q. Edward Wang & Franz Fillafer (eds.), The Many Faces of Clio Cross-Cultural Approaches to Historiography, New York: Berghahn Books (2006), pp. 71-103, https://www.academia.edu/420275/Nationalism_and_Historiography.


4. Varieties of Nationalisms

·       Joseph Llobera, Recent Theories of Nationalism, Working Paper 164, Institut de Ciences Politiques i Socials, Barcelona

·       M. Hroch, ‘From National Movement to the Fully Formed Nation: The Nation-Building Process in Europe’, in G. Eley and R G. Suny, (eds.), Becoming national, New York etc, 1996, pp. 60-77.

·       Anthony Smith, The Nation in History: Historiographical Debates about Ethnicity and Nationalism, Hannover:  University Press of New England, pp. 52-77





6. The Myth of Creation of the Nations: Central Asia

·       Marlene Laruelle, “The Concept of Ethnogenesis in Central Asia. Political Context and Institutional Mediators (1940-50),“ Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History, 9 (1), (Winter 2008),pp. 169-188, https://www.academia.edu/7896474/_The_Concept_of_Ethnogenesis_in_Central_Asia_Political_Context_and_Institutional_Mediators_1940_50_Kritika_Explorations_in_Russian_and_Eurasian_History_9_no._1_2008_169-188

·       Gullette, David, “A State of Passion: The Use of Ethnogenesis in Kyrgyzstan,” Inner Asia, 10(2), 2008, pp. 261-279, https://www.academia.edu/379832/A_State_of_Passion_The_Use_of_Ethnogenesis_in_Kyrgyzstan


7. The Myth of Golden Age: Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan

·       Marlene Laruelle, “The Return of the Aryan Myth: Tajikistan in Search of a Secularized Ideology,“ Nationalities Papers, 35(1), 2007, pp. 51-70 (Taylor & Francis Database). 

·       Laura Adams, The Spectacular State. Culture and National Identity in Uzbekistan, Duke University Press, Durham – London, p. 38-43.


8. The Myth of Resistance: The Basmachi Movement and Anti-Colonial Struggle

·       Martha B. Olcott, The Basmachi or Freemen's Revolt in Turkestan 1918-1924, Soviet Studies, 33(3), July 1981), pp. 352-369 (JSTORE Database)

·       Slavomir Horák, “The Battle of Göktepe in the Turkmen post-Soviet historical discourse,” Central Asian Survey. October 14, 2014 (EBSCO Database)


9. National Historiography, Élite Ideology, and Nation-Building in Central Asia

·       Erica Marat, “State-Propagated Narratives about a National Defender in Central Asian States", The Journal of Power Institutions in Post-Soviet Societies, 6/7, 2007 [Online]. 

·       Bouma, A.: Turkmenistan: Epics in Place of Historiography. Jahrbücher für Geschichte Osteuropas. Vol. 59 (2011), Issue 4, p. 559-585. (ProQuest Central Database). 

·       March, A.: The Use and Abuse of History: ‘National Ideology’ as Transcendental Object in Islam Karimov's ‘Ideology of National Independence’. Central Asian Survey, Vol. 21, Issue 4, 2002, p. 371-384 (Taylor&Francis Database).


10. The Historiography of the Colonial Empire

·       Kuzio, T., "History, Memory and the Nation-Building in the Post-Soviet Colonial Space," Nationalities Papers, Vol. 30, No. 2, 2002, p. 241-264.

·       Tuyakbaev, Saparbek: Myth of Pan-Turkism: Turkish Central Asian Policy in the Early 90s. In Cultural Interaction and Conflict in Central and Inner Asia (eds. Michael Gervers, Uradyn E. Bulag, Gilian Long). Toronto Studies in Central and Inner Asia, No. 6. Asian Institute, University of Toronto, 2004, p. 299-330.


11. The Myth of Autochtonous Nations: The Karabakh Conflict

·       Takayuki Yoshimura, “Some Arguments on the Nagorno-Karabakh History,“ https://src-h.slav.hokudai.ac.jp/coe21/publish/no18/3_yoshimura.pdf;

·       Emil Aslan, Understanding Ethnopolitical Conflict, (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013), pp. 51-70; 101-104. 


12. The Myth of Violence and Suffering: Chechnya

·       Aurélie Campana, "Collective Memory and Violence: The Use of Myths in the Chechen Separatist Ideology, 1991–1994," Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs, 29(1), (2009), pp. 43-56. (Taylor & Francis Database).

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