PředmětyPředměty(verze: 901)
Předmět, akademický rok 2021/2022
  
Contemporary trends in migration studies (a discussion seminar) - MZ340M09
Anglický název: Contemporary trends in migration studies (a discussion seminar)
Český název: Současné trendy v migračních studiích (diskuzní seminář)
Zajišťuje: Katedra sociální geografie a regionálního rozvoje (31-340)
Fakulta: Přírodovědecká fakulta
Platnost: od 2021 do 2021
Semestr: zimní
E-Kredity: 5
Způsob provedení zkoušky: zimní s.:
Rozsah, examinace: zimní s.:1/1 Zk [hodiny/týden]
Počet míst: 25
Minimální obsazenost: 5
Virtuální mobilita / počet míst: ne
Stav předmětu: vyučován
Jazyk výuky: angličtina
Poznámka: povolen pro zápis po webu
Garant: Mgr. Lenka Pavelková, M.Sc.
Vyučující: Kristýna Janurová, M.A.
Mgr. Lenka Pavelková, M.Sc.
Neslučitelnost : MZ340M09Z
Je neslučitelnost pro: MZ340M09Z
Anotace
Poslední úprava: Mgr. Lenka Pavelková, M.Sc. (16.09.2020)
The aim of this discussion seminar is to complement the traditional migration courses offered by the Department of Social Geography and Regional Development. The course introduces students to recent theoretical and methodological developments in migration studies, enabling them to engage with the studied material proactively. It intensively uses discussion, group work and a continuous testing of gained knowledge in the form of quizzes, games and creative activities in order to help students understand the studied concepts and make sense of the relations between historical and current events, or between local and global events and migration flows.
The study material comprises academic texts, statistics, media, as well as video and film. Throughout the whole semester, the students continuously work on their essays under the supervision of the teachers who actively and individually support them.
The course requirements include active participation in classes, step-by-step essay writing guided by the teachers’ feedback, a video presentation of the final paper and a closing oral exam. The course is recommended for Czech and international students with an interest in migration studies at both the bachelor’s and master’s levels. The whole course is conducted in English.
Sylabus - angličtina
Poslední úprava: Mgr. Lenka Pavelková, M.Sc. (25.11.2021)

Course requirements

The same requirements apply regardless of whether the course runs in-classroom or as an online distance course.

The course requirements are divided into three areas: activity, essay writing and oral exam. The students enrolled for the 5-credit version of the course have to fulfil all the requirements. The students enrolled for the 3-credit version (zápočet) have to meet only the requirements for activity and essay writing.

 

Activity: active participation in classes, individual preparation for classes through homework (e. g. reading of obligatory texts), communication with the teachers

Essay writing: meeting the deadlines throughout the semester (topic selection, proposal, draft, final essay) with texts submitted in sufficient quality, a video presentation of the essay

Oral exam: discussion of usually two topics from the syllabus. The oral exam can only be taken after the final essay is accepted as complete by the teachers.

To make the evaluation as clear and objective and possible, a point system is used. The point system is presented and explained to the students during the first seminar.

 

Seminar 01 - 07/10/2021

  • introduction
  • plan
  • requirements: reading and preparation for classes, active participation, essay, miniconference, oral exam
  • introduction to the topic

Migration terminology - what's behind the names

In this seminar we will discuss the key terminology used in the course and clarify the possible differences in understanding and varying connotations of the individual terms in different countries. We will discuss our experience with the usage of these terms and their shortcomings. 

What is covered:

- basic terminology (migration, emigration, immigration, internal, international, irregular/undocumented/illegal);

- types of migration (economic, political, etc./permanent, circular, temporary);

 

Seminar 02 - 14/10/2021

Basic statistics

In this seminar we will look at migration flows in the world, the numbers of migrants worldwide and in Czechia and the main sources of data on migration. 

The seminar will be followed by a feedback session where the students will present their intended essay topics to the teachers and to their classmates.

 

21/10/2021 – deadline for the submission of essay topics

 

Literature:

OBLIGATORY:

  • KING, R. (2002): Towards a New Map of European Migration. International Journal of Population Geography, 8.

RECOMMENDED:

  • DEUTSCHE BANK RESEARCH (2006): International migration: Who, where, and why? In A. M. Messina & G. Lahav (eds): The Migration Reader: Exploring Politics and Policies. Boulder: Lynne Rienner, pp. 15-23.

Interactive migration websites:

·         https://migrationdataportal.org/?i=stock_abs_&t=2019

·         http://peoplemov.in/

What is covered:

- migration flows in the world, numbers of migrants in the world

 

Seminar 03 - 21/10/2021

Integration

In this seminar we will study the topic of integration. We will start by discussing the meaning of "home" for (migrating) individuals and follow up with a talk about the term "integration." Then we will discuss whether any of the types of integration is more important than the others, and whether there is an order in which the different integration "types" take place in an individual migrant’s experience. We will also look at how integration is measured and discuss the different approaches to deciding whether a person is integrated. Afterwards, we will move on to migration and integration policy - what it is, who the actors are and what factors and actors influence such policy.

Literature:

OBLIGATORY:

RECOMMENDED:

  • ALLEN, S. (2008): Finding Home: Challenges Faced by Geographically Mobile Families. Family Relations, 57(1), 84-99.
  • BARŠOVÁ, A. (2005): Integrace přistěhovalců v Evropě: od občanské integrace k multikulturalismu a zpět? Konference Soudobé spory o multikulturalismus a politiku identit, Praha, 24.1.2005. Available from: http://aa.ecn.cz/img_upload/79a33131c9c4293e0fcefb50bfa263ef/ABarsova_Integrace_pristehovalcu_v_Evrope.pdf
  • CARENS, J. H. (2005): Integration of Immigrants. Journal of Moral Philosophy, 2 (1), 29-46.
  • ENGBERSEN, G, LEERKES, A., GRABOWSKA-LUSINSKA, I., SNEL, E. & BURGERS, J. (2013): On the differential attachments of migrants from Central and Eastern Europe: A typology of labour migration. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 39(6), 959-981, DOI: 10.1080/1369183X.2013.765663.
  • HUGO, G. (1995): Understanding Where Immigrants Live. Bureau of Immigration, Multicultural and Population Research. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service. Available from: http://www.multiculturalaustralia.edu.au/doc/hugo_1.pdf
  • KING, R., RUIZ-GELICES, E. (2003): International Student Migration and the European `Year Abroad': Effects on European Identity and Subsequent Migration Behaviour. International Journal of Population Geography, 9, 229-252.
  • JOPPKE, C. (2003): The retreat of multiculturalism in the liberal state: theory and policy. The British Journal of Sociology, 55(2), 237-257.
  • SEGAL, U.A., MAYADAS, N.S. & ELLIOTT, D. (2006): A Framework for Immigration. Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies, 4(1), 3-24.

What is covered:

- "home"

- what "integration" means, whether and how can we say/measure a person is "integrated"

- migration and integration policy

- examples of different countries’ migration and integration policies

- who influences migration and integration policies and why (politicians, trade unions, NGOs, businessmen, etc.)

- MIPEX

 

Seminar 04 - 4/11/2021

Migration and citizenship

This seminar will cover basic approaches to citizenship (ius sanguinisius soli) and common rules used to regulate migrants’ access to citizenship. We will discuss what citizenship means and what the advantages (and disadvantages) are of acquiring a new citizenship/changing one’s citizenship. We will look at citizenship laws in several countries and also at the meaning of EU citizenship.

Literature:

RECOMMENDED:

  • BAUBÖCK, R. (2008): Stakeholder Citizenship: An Idea Whose Time Has Come? Washington, DC: Migration Policy Institute. Available from: http://www.migrationpolicy.org/research/stakeholder-citizenship-idea-whose-time-has-come
  • SPIRO, P. J. (2009): Dual Citizenship as Human Right. Legal Studies Research Paper Series, no. 2009-41.
  • JOPPKE, C. (2008): Comparative citizenship: a restrictive turn in Europe? Law and Ethics of Human RIghts, 2(1): 1-41.
  • JOPPKE, C. (2012): Citizenship and Immigration. International Sociology. Cambridge: Polity Press. (A BOOK - recommended to students more deeply interested in the topic)

What is covered:

- what is citizenship, what it means

- basic approaches to citizenship

- citizenship laws in several countries as examples

- dual citizenship

- EU citizenship

 

Seminar 05 - 11/11/2021

Relations between states and their emigrants

In this seminar, we will talk about a few important phenomena: emigration and return policies, brain drain/gain and diaspora. We will discuss the problems faced by states which suffer of extensive emigration, including brain drain, as well as the benefits that emigration may bring with it.  We will talk about various policies that states adopt to discourage people from leaving, to attract them to return or to strengthen their ties with the home country. Most of these are usually led by the aim to uphold the country’s prosperity and development and are targeted at specific groups (young people, qualified people, male/female, people with specific skills). Throughout the class we will discuss examples of a few states with strong emigration or return policies. At the end we will have a look at what diaspora is, what the main diasporas are and how different states communicate with their diasporas.

Literature:

OBLIGATORY:

·         KRISJANE, Z., BERZINS, M., APSITE, E. (2014): Post-accession migration from the Baltic states. The case of Latvia. In: B. Glorius, I. Grabowska-Lusinska & I. Kuvik (eds.). Mobility in Transition. Migration Patterns after EU Enlargement. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, pp. 85-109. Available from: http://www.oapen.org/search?identifier=449203

RECOMMENDED:

  • BAUBÖCK, R., FAIST, T. (eds.) (2010): Diasporas and transnationalism: concepts, theories and methods. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press (IMISCOE Research). (A BOOK - recommended to students more deeply interested in the topic)
  • KOVÁCS, Z., BOROS, L., HEGEDŰS, G., LADOS, G. & DUDÁS, G. (2014): What brings people back? Opportunities and obstacles of return migration in Central Europe. In: S. Brouček & T. Grulich (eds): Nová emigrace z České republiky po roce 1989 a návratová politika. Praha: Etnologický ústav AV ČR, v. v. i., Senát PČR & International Organisation for Migration, pp. 38-56.
  • LESIŃSKA, M. (2013): The Dilemmas of Policy Towards Return Migration. The Case of Poland After the EU Accession. Central and Eastern European Migration Review, 2(1). Available from: http://www.ceemr.uw.edu.pl/vol-2-no-1-june-2013/articles/dilemmas-policy-towards-return-migration-case-poland-after-eu
  • SKELDON, R. (2009): Of Skilled Migration, Brain Drains and Policy Responses. International Migration, 47, 4, p. 3-29.

What is covered:

- emigration and return policies

- brain drain, brain gain

- diaspora, definitions and examples

- countries’ approach to their emigrants (selected examples)

 

11/11/2021 – deadline for the submission of essay proposals

 

Seminar 06 - 18/11/2021

Milestones in European history and their impact on migration flows

In this seminar we will talk about the key historical milestones which have affected migration flows around the world, with a focus on Europe, Czechia and the countries of origin of the class participants. The shift from the dominance of emigration to the dominance of immigration in some world countries (e.g. Italy, the Netherlands, Sweden) will be described, confronted with opposing or more static situations of other states and related to the key historical determinants which contributed to these specific developments. 

Literature:

OBLIGATORY:

·         CASTLES, S. (2018). Social transformation and human mobility: Reflections on the past, present and future of migration. Journal of Intercultural Studies, 39(2), 238-251.

RECOMMENDED:

  • CASTLES, S., DE HAAS, H. & MILLER, M. J. (2009): The age of migration. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • MASSEY, D.S., ARANGO, J., HUGO, G., KOUAOUCI, A., PELLEGRINO, A. & TAYLOR, J.E. (2005): Worlds in Motion: Understanding International Migration at the End of the Millennium: Understanding International Migration at the End of the Millennium. Clarendon Press.
  • MESSINA, A. M. & LAHAV, G. (eds) (2005): The migration reader: Exploring politics and policies. Boulder: Lynne Rienner.
  • ZEITLHOFER, H. (2011): Czechia and Slovakia. In BADE, K. J., EMMER, P. C., LUCASSEN, L., OLTMER, J.: The Encyclopedia of Migration and Minorities in Europe – from the 17th Century to the Present. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

What is covered:

- industrialization

- World Wars

- post-war European and world migrations

- (non-)migration from the Soviet Union and the "Soviet Bloc"

- post-1989 migration from and to Central and Eastern Europe

- European Union, Schengen

- 2004, 2007 and 2013 EU enlargements

- 21st century African and Asian migration to Europe and USA

- wars and other conflicts in the late 20th and early 21st centuries (Balkan, Sudan, Arab Spring, Syria, Ukraine, etc.)

 

Seminar 07 - 25/11/2021

Migration theories

In this seminar we will review the key known migration theories as presented in the required reading and relate them to the topics discussed during the semester. Considering the extent of the students’ previous experience with studying migration theories we will discuss their strengths and weaknesses and their applicability to empirical research. We will highlight the importance of bearing in mind the different theoretical approaches when working with academic texts on migration (not the least in the students’ own essay writing). Going back to the topics dealt with in earlier seminars, we will pinpoint the structural and individual-level effects of migration on the actors involved. 

Literature:

OBLIGATORY:

  • MASSEY, D.S., ARANGO, J., HUGO, G., KOUAUCI, A., PELLEGRINO, A. & TAYLOR, J.E. (1993): Theories of International Migration: A Review and a Reappraisal. Population and Development Review, 19(3): 431-466.

RECOMMENDED:

  • ARANGO, J. 2000. ‘Explaining migration: a critical view’, International Social Science Journal, Vol. 52, Issue 165: pp. 283-296.
  • KING, R. (2012): Theories and Typologies of Migration: An Overview and a Primer. Willy Brandt Series of Working Papers in International Migration and Ethnic Relations 3/12. Malmö: Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM), Malmö University. Available from: http://www.mah.se/upload/Forskningscentrum/MIM/WB/WB%203.12.pdf

 What is covered:

- Ravenstein’s "laws of migration"

- neoclassical economics and push-pull theory

- segmented/dual labour market theory

- Zelinsky’s ‘hypothesis of the mobility transition’

- world systems theory

- networks theories

- the ‘New Economics of Labour Migration’

 

Seminar  08 - 2/12/2021

New approaches to the study of migration

In this seminar we will discuss some of the contemporary popular approaches to the study of migration, such as transnationalism, migration and development and combined analyses of internal and international migration flows.

 

Literature:

RECOMMENDED:

·         BLUNT, A. 2007. Cultural geographies of migration: mobility, transnationality and diaspora. Progress in Human Geography, 31(5) pp. 684-694.

·         DEL REY, D. (2019): Toxic Ties: The Reproduction of Legal Violence within Mixed-Status Intimate Partners, Relatives, and Friends. International Migration Review, 53(2), pp. 548-570.

·         GLICK SCHILLER, N., BASCH, L., BLANC-SZANTON, C. 1992. Towards a definition of transnationalism. Introductory remarks and research questions.  Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Vol. “Towards a Transnational Perspective on Migration: Race, Class, Ethnicity, and Nationalism Reconsidered,” pp. ix - xiv.

·         de HAAS, H. 2005. International migration, remittances and development: myths and facts. Third World Quarterly, 26, pp. 1269-1284. Available from: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1747-7379.2009.00804.x/pdf

·         KING, R., SKELDON, R. 2010. ‘Mind the gap!’ Integrating approaches to internal and international migration. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 36(10), pp. 1619-1646. Available from: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/1369183X.2010.489380

·         VERTOVEC, S. 2009. Transnationalism. London: Routledge. (A BOOK - recommended to students more deeply interested in the topic)

·         WIMMER, A., GLICK SCHILLER, N. 2003. Methodological nationalism, the social sciences, and the study of migration: an essay in historical epistemology. International Migration Review, 27(3), pp. 576-610.

 

What is covered:

- "new" theoretical approaches in migration research: transnationalism, migration & development

- "new" methodological approaches in migration research: interdisciplinarity, comparisons between internal and international migration patterns, mixed methods, new qualitative approaches

 8/12/2021 – deadline for the submission of essay drafts

Seminar 09 - 9/12/2021

Refugees in the world

In this seminar we will speak about the terms “refugee“, “asylum seeker“, “IDP“ and “unaccompanied minor“, and discuss the differences between the different types of international protection and temporary protection. We will speak about key international legal documents associated with the status and protection of refugees. We will also talk about the current situation of refugees in the world.

Literature:

RECOMMENDED:

 

What is covered:

- terms: refugee, asylum seeker, IDP, unaccompanied minor

- types of international protection, temporary protection

- 1951 Geneva Convention on Refugees

- 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights

- Dublin Convention

- numbers of refugees and causes of refugee movements worldwide

- European refugee crisis



Seminar 11 - 16/12/2021

Representation of migration in the arts

In this seminar we will discuss how migration has been presented in a selected film and talk about the messages the film conveys with relation to current migratory issues. We will share ideas and opinions about other pieces of art dealing with the topic of migration and discuss the questions of objectivity, truth and fiction.

The class will be followed by a feedback session where students will have an opportunity to get individual feedback on their draft papers before getting them finalised.

 

What is covered:

- artistic representation of migration: objectivity, truth, fiction

  

06/01/2022 – miniconference where the paper will be presented, the class may last 120 minutes (according to the number of students, will be specified during the semester)

14/01/2022 – deadline for final essay submission

 
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