Poslední úprava: doc. et doc. PhDr. Slavomír Horák, Ph.D. (20.09.2019)
Poslední úprava: doc. et doc. PhDr. Slavomír Horák, Ph.D. (20.09.2019)
The students will gain a more profound understanding of the Central Asia as a geographic area and its challenges on the road to progress and modernization. A multi-dimensional character of modernization and its components will also become clear.
Capacity for logical inference, analytical thinking and generalization is crucial at the master’s level. Two midterm tests with the so-called open-ended questions will contribute to the development of these qualities, which will be further reinforced by preparing a presentation.
In the process of learning students are expected to sharpen their skills in conducting discussion, delivering a presentation and drafting a piece in argumentative writing. To achieve these skills (especially the former two), students should behave in a cooperative, mutually supportive fashion.
After the completion of the course students will have clear understanding of scholars/analysts’ academic responsibility towards society
Poslední úprava: doc. et doc. PhDr. Slavomír Horák, Ph.D. (01.10.2019)
Poslední úprava: doc. et doc. PhDr. Slavomír Horák, Ph.D. (07.10.2019)
1. Concepts, Geography, Demography, Society
Key topics: Central Asia as Eurasian pivot or black hole? Different concepts and approaches of the region. Geographical parts of the region.
Cummings, Sally. „Understanding Central Asia: Politics and Contested Transformations“. Routledge, 2013 (Chapter 2, reader).
Clarke, Michael. „The centrality of Central Asia in world history 1700-2008. From Pivot to Periphery and Back Again?“ China, Xinjiang and Central Asia. History, transition and crossborder interaction into 21st century (Mackerass, Colin - Clarke Michael, eds.). Routledge, 2009: 21-54 (reader).
Mackinder, Halford John. "The geographical pivot of history.". Geographical Journal 170.4 (2004): 298-321 (reader).
2. Central Asia from Soviet republics to post-Soviet states
Key topics: The role of Central Asia in the Soviet Union. Soviet determinants of post-Soviet trajectories. Contemporary evaluation of late Soviet period in Central Asia.
Lewis, David. „Sovereignty after Empire: The Colonial Roots of Central Asian Authoritarianism“. Sovereignty After Empire. Comparing the Middle East and Central Asia. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, 2011: 178-196 (reader).
Dadabaev, Timur. "Evaluations of perestroika in post-Soviet Central Asia: Public views in contemporary Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan." Communist and Post-Communist Studies 49 (2016): 179-192 (reader).
Horák, Slavomír. "Turkmenistan at the Last Stage of Perestroika. Determinants of an Authoritarian Path." Cahiers d’Asie centrale 26 (2016): 29-49. (reader)
Anderson, John. "Kyrgyzstan: An Island of Democracy in Central Asia." (1999). (Chapter 2, chapter 1 recommended, reader).
3. Formal and informal power institutions in Central Asia
Key topics: Should political scientists analyze formal of informal institutions? Why the leader is so important in (not only) Central Asian politics? Are there „traditional“, „Soviet“ and „contemporary“ elites?
Sayarkulova, Mohira. „Reluctant Sovereigns? Central Asian States' Path to Independence“. Sovereignty After Empire. Comparing the Middle East and Central Asia. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, 2011: 127-153. (reader)
Norling, Nicklas. „Party Problems and Factionalism in Soviet Uzbekistan. Evidence from the Communist Party Archives“. Central Asia-Caucasus Institute & Silk Road Studies Program. 2017: 98-123. (reader)
Presentations: Justin (Kazakhstan)
Horák, Slavomír. „The Elite in Post-Soviet and Post-Niyazow Turkmenistan: Does Political Culture Form a Leader?“ Demokratizatsiya, 20.4 (2012): 371-385 (reader).
Peyrouse, Sebastien. „The Kazakh Neopatrimonial Regime: Balancing Uncertainities among the "Family", Oligarchs and Technocrats“. Demokratizatsiya, 20.4 (2012): 345-370 (reader).
Engvall, Johan. "Flirting with the State Failure: Power and Politics in Kyrgyzstan since Independence." Central Asia-Caucasus Institute - Silk Road Studies Program, Washington - Stockholm, 2011: 12-101.
Ilkhamov, Alisher. „Stalled at the Doorstep of Modern Statehood: The Neopatrimonial Regime in Uzbekistan“. Stable Outside Fragile Inside? Post-Soviet Statehood in Central Asia (Kavalski, Emilian, ed.), Ashgate, Farnham, 2010: 195-210. (reader).
4. Ideology and State-Building in Central Asia
Key topics: The Soviet ideological legacy in contemporary Central Asia. Why the leaders should be praised? Political culture and ideology in Central Asian States.
Halonen, Arto (director) – Frazier Kevin (producer): In the Shadow of the Holy Book, Art Films Production, Helsinki, 2007. (independent screening, the film will be provided by lecturer).
Abashin, Sergei. „Nation-construction in Central Asia“. Soviet and Post-Soviet Identities (Bassin, Mark - Kelly, Catriona, eds.), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2012: 150-168 (Chapter 8).
Matveeva, Anna. „Legitimising Central Asian Authoritarianism: Political Manipulation and Symbolic Power“. Europe-Asia Studies 61.7 (September 2009): 1095-1121.
Marat, Erica. "National Ideology and State-Building in Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan". Silk Road Paper, Central Asia-Caucasus Institute - Silk Road Studies Program, Washington - Stockholm, 2008: 15-29 and 71-83.
(Presentation: Anežka - National Ideologies in Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan)
March, Andrew. „State ideology and the legitimization of authoritarianism: the case of post-Soviet Uzbekistan“. Journal of Political Ideologies 8.2 (2003): 209-232.
Denison, Michael. „The Art of the Impossible: Political Symbolism, and the Creation of National Identity and Collective Memory in Post-Soviet Turkmenistan“. Europe-Asia Studies, 61.7 (2009): 1167-1187.
Schatz, Ed. „What Capital Cities Say about State and Nation-Building“. Nationalism and Ethnic Politics. 9.4 (2003): 111-140.
Marat, Erica. „Imagined Past, Uncertain Future: The Creation of National Ideologies in Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan“. Problems of Post-Communism. 55.1 (2008): 12-24.
5. Conflict potential in Central Asia
Key topics: Real and imagined conflicts in Central Asia. Why Central Asia did not become the Eurasian Balkans?
Tishkov, Valery. „Ethnic Conflicts in the Former USSR. The Use and Misuese of Typologies and Datas“. Journal of Peace Research, 36.5 (1999): 571-591.
Alternatively: Rubin, Barnett R. „Central Asia and Central Africa. Transnational Wars and Ethnic Conflicts“. Journal of Human Development, 7.1 (2006): 5-22.
Matveeva, Anna. "Kyrgyzstan: tragedy in the South". Ethnopolitics Papers, 17 (2012): 2 + Tishkov, Valeriy: Don’t Kill Me, I’m a Kyrgyz. An Anthropological Analysis of Violence in Osh Ethnic Conflict. Journal of Peace Research, Vol. 32, No. 2, 1995, pp. 133-149 (JSTOR, SaGE Political Sciences).
Epkenhans, Tim. The Origins of the Civil War in Tajikistan: Nationalism, Islamism, and Violent Conflict in Post-Soviet Space. Lexington Books, 2016 (Chapters 1 and 2, Jinonice library)
6. Islamic threat in Central Asia
Key Topics: Myth or reality of Islamic Extremism in Central Asia. Central Asia after Islamic State failure.
Khalid Adeeb. Islam and the State in Central Asia. Turkish Review, 5.5 (2015): 402-408.
Hanks, Reuel R. Narratives of Islam in Uzbekistan: authoritarian myths and the Janus-state syndrome. Central Asia Survey, 35.4 (2016): 501-513.
Edward Lemon & Hélène Thibault. „Counter-extremism, power and authoritarian governance in Tajikistan“, Central Asian Survey, 37.1 (2018): 137-159.
7. Regional cooperation in Central Asia
Key topics: Why Central Asia is not integrated from within? Could outside powers integrate Central Asia.
Rakhimov, Mirzokhid. „Internal and External Dynamics of Regional Cooperation in Central Asia“. Journal of Eurasian Studies, 1 (2010): 95-101.
Ambrosio, Thomas: „Catching the ‘Shanghai Spirit’: How the Shanghai Cooperation Organization Promotes Authoritarian Norms in Central Asia“. Europe-Asia Studies, 60.8 (2008): 1321-1344.
8. Economic and social transformation of Central Asia
Key topics: Shock changes versus gradual transformation. Different Strategies, similar outputs in Central Asia? The constant crisis in the region? A „Dutch desease“ and Central Asian effect.
Pomfret, Richard: The Central Asian Economies Since Independence. Princeton University Press, Princeton, 2006, p. 1-22, 141-170.
Short presentation readings:
Ahrens, Joachim: Stark, Manuel: Economic Reform and Institutional Change in Central Asia: towards a new model of the development state. Private University of Applied Arts Research Papers, Göttingen, No. 5, 2012. (2 persons)
9. Transport in Central Asia
Key Topics: Central Asia as Eurasian transport hub or Eurasian bypass? Factors and determinants of Central Asia as transit destination. One Belt One Road and its impact on Central Asia.
Starr, Frederick – Cornell, Svante – Norling, Nicklas: The EU, Central Asia and the Development of Continental Transport and Trade. Central Asia-Caucasus Institute & Silk Road Studies Program, Washington – Stockholm, 2015.
Peyrouse, Sebastien, and Gaël Raballand. "Central Asia: the new Silk Road initiative’s questionable economic rationality." Eurasian Geography and Economics 56.4 (2015): 405-420.
10. Regime transition models in Central Asia
Key Topics: Analysis of regime transitions in Central Asia. Is there a potential of „Arab Springs“ in Central Asia? More authoritarian regimes – more conflict potential and instability within the transition? Legitimization of authoritarian regimes and its leaders.
Ambrosio, Thomas. Leadership Succession in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan: Regime Survival after Nazarbayev and Karimov. Journal of Balkan and Near Eastern Studies, 17.1 (2014): 49-67. + Horák, Slavomir. "Leadership Succession in Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan: Between Stability and Instability." Central Asian Affairs 5.1 (2018): 1-15.
Ó‘Beachain, Donnacha – Polese, Abel (eds.). The Colour Revolutions in the Former Soviet Republics. Successes and failures. Routledge, 2010. (Chapters 10 and 13, Introduction recommended)
Isaacs, Rico: Charismatic Routinization and Problems of Post-Charisma Succession in Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. Studies of Transition States and Societies, Vol. 7 (2015), Issue 1, p. 58-76.
Polese, Abel - Ó Beacháin, Donnacha – Horák, Slavomír: Strategies of legitimation in Central Asia: regime durability in Turkmenistan. Contemporary Politics, 23:4 (2017): 427-445.