PředmětyPředměty(verze: 945)
Předmět, akademický rok 2023/2024
   Přihlásit přes CAS
Cultural Heritage: Ideas, Objects and Practices - JSB574
Anglický název: Cultural Heritage: Ideas, Objects and Practices
Zajišťuje: Katedra sociologie (23-KS)
Fakulta: Fakulta sociálních věd
Platnost: od 2023
Semestr: letní
E-Kredity: 7
Způsob provedení zkoušky: letní s.:
Rozsah, examinace: letní s.:0/2, Zk [HT]
Počet míst: neurčen / 20 (20)
Minimální obsazenost: neomezen
4EU+: ne
Virtuální mobilita / počet míst pro virtuální mobilitu: ne
Stav předmětu: vyučován
Jazyk výuky: angličtina
Způsob výuky: prezenční
Způsob výuky: prezenční
Poznámka: předmět je možno zapsat mimo plán
povolen pro zápis po webu
Garant: doc. Alessandro Testa, Ph.D.
Vyučující: doc. Alessandro Testa, Ph.D.
Třída: Courses for incoming students
Deskriptory - angličtina
Poslední úprava: doc. Alessandro Testa, Ph.D. (30.01.2024)


This course offers an introduction to the analytical study of cultural heritage as a global phenomenon, although it will focus on European cast studies. It will introduce the topic to the students who are not familiar with it and foster the understanding of heritage-related social phenomena, mainly from the perspective of sociology, social anthropology, ethnology, and cultural history.

It will take into consideration local and national examples of cultural heritage making (aka ‘heritigisation’) and musealisation processes, as well as examples of UNESCO’s World Heritage policies (especially but not exclusively the so-called “intangible” heritage), with a focus on the analysis of both top-down/institutional policies and the responses to said policies or proactive initiatives at the community level.

During the course, a significant number of case-studies from throughout Europe and the world will be presented and discussed. Special attention will be devoted to both empirical ethnographic case studies and theoretical/methodological issues.

Notions of “social memory”, “identity”, “tradition”, “heritage”, and others will be critically examined and discussed during the lessons, with the support of the pertinent literature.

After the course, the student will be able to correctly understand and analyses social phenomena and processes related to cultural heritage and its dimensions (heritagization, cultural politics, museums, etc.), which are very relevant and impactful in late modern Western societies.



Lessons 1-2: Understanding cultural heritage: how do we define and study cultural heritage in the social sciences? Why is its study relevant?

Lessons 3-4: Relevant notions: memory, nostalgia, tradition, community, and identity; the European “identity-memory-heritage” complex.

Lessons 5-6: Case studies.

Lessons 7-8: Various types of museums, heritages, and heritage agencies and institutions; heritage policies and practices.

Lessons 9-10: More case studies.

Lesson 11: Possible field practice in the form of an excursion (location to be chosen at a later stage)

Lesson 12: Conclusion, recapitulation, and further insights.



The main teaching method will be direct instruction through lessons.

The students will also be asked to actively participate in the teaching and learning processes. They will be encouraged to ask questions and contribute during the lessons and will also be given the opportunity to express their opinions voluntarily about the readings that will be handed out and read in itinere. Groups of students will be formed and asked to present and discuss some articles chosen from the course literature – this may also be done by individual students.



Attendance and participation will be taken into consideration in the evaluation process. The attendance for this course is mandatory, unless differently agreed between the teacher and students who for demonstrable and serious reasons cannot attend to the lessons in person. In this case, the student will immediately inform the teacher and a solution will be found together. Even one unjustified absence will impact the evaluation.



Assessment will be undertaken through evaluation of a student’s attendance, participation, and especially of a final oral exam.

The students will have to study all the items in the compulsory literature and then choose at least one item from the optional literature.

The final exam will consist of an oral test conducted by the teacher about both the course content and the literature, although the overall final assessment will also take into account the attendance and the active participation of the learner.

Evaluation will be broken down as follows:

-         Attendance and participation in the classroom: 15%

-         Final oral exam: 85%

Grading System

91 - 100 points: A - excellent (outstanding performance with only minor mistakes)
81 -  90 points: B - very good (above average performance with some mistakes)
71 - 80 points: C - good (overall good performance with a number of notable mistakes)
61 - 70 points: D - satisfactory (acceptable performance with significant mistakes)
51 - 60 points: E - sufficient (performance fulfils only minimum criteria)
less than 51 points: F - insufficient/failed (more effort needs to be made)

Literatura - angličtina
Poslední úprava: doc. Alessandro Testa, Ph.D. (30.01.2024)



Part 1 Compulsory readings

NOTA BENE: all students wanting to take the exam will have to study the following texts:


-         K. Kuutma, “The Politics of Contested Representation: UNESCO and the Masterpieces of Intangible Cultural Heritage”, in D. Hemme, M. Tauschek, R. Bendix (eds.), Prädikat “Heritage”: Wertschöpfungen aus kulturellen Ressourcen, LIT, Berlin 2013, pp. 177-196

-         Logan, W., U. Kockel, M. Nic Craith, (2015), ‘The New Heritage Studies: Origins and Evolution, Problems and Prospectsʼ, in: W. Logan, M. Nic Craith, and U. Kockel (eds), A Companion to Heritage Studies (Malden/MA: Wiley), 1-25

-         S. Macdonald, Memorylands: Heritage and Identity in Europe Today, Routledge, New-York-London 2013, (only chapter 1)

-         Alessandro Testa, Ritualising Cultural Heritage and Re-Enchanting Rituals in Europe. Carolina Academic Press, Durham: Chapter 4 (“From Folklore to Intangible Cultural Heritage”) and Chapter 7 (“The Politics of Culture and Identity in European Public Rituals”)


Part 2 Additional readings

NOTA BENE: Students wanting to take the exam must also do the following: study at home, or present in the class, at least one of the following texts (alternatively, a student can propose a text as a piece of additional reading of his/her own interest, but this must be approved in advance by the teacher):


-         R. Bendix, “Heritage between economy and politics: An assessment from the perspective of cultural anthropology”, in Smith L., Akagawa N. (eds), Intangible Heritage, Routledge, London-New York 2009, pp. 253-269

-         Berliner D. 2012: “Multiple Nostalgias: the Fabric of Heritage in Luang Prabang (Lao PDR)”, in Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, n. 18 (4), pp. 769-786

-         C. Brumann, “Heritage agnosticism a third path for the study of cultural heritage”, in Social Anthropology / Anthropology sociale, n. 22 (2), 2015, pp. 173-188

-         C. Bortolotto, “Introduction: le trouble du patrimoine culturel immatériel”, in Id. (ed.), Le patrimoine culturel immatériel: en­jeux d’une nouvelle catégorie, Maison des sciences de l’homme, Paris 2011, pp. 21-43

-         Bortolotto, Chiara, 2013, “Authenticity: A Non-Criterion for Inscription on the Lists of UNESCO’s Intangible Cultural Heritage Convention”, 2013 IRCI Meeting on ICH — Evaluating the Inscription Criteria for the Two Lists of UNESCO’s Intangible Cultural Heritage Convention. The 10th Anniversary of the 2003 Convention. Final Report. Sakai City, International Research Centre for Intangible Cultural Heritage, 73-78.

-         L. S. Fournier 2012, “The Impact of the Intangible Cultural Heritage UNESCO Policies in France”, in Traditiones, n. 41 (2), pp. 193-206

-         Valdimar Hafstein: Claiming Culture: Intangible Heritage Inc., Folklore ©, Traditional Knowledge™. In: Dorothee Hemme, Markus Tauschek Regina Bendix (eds.), Prädikat: „HERITAGE“: Wertschöpfungen aus kulturellen Ressourcen, Münster 2007, 75-100

-         Hodges, Matt. ‘‘‘Disciplinary Anthropology?” Amateur Ethnography and the Production of “Heritage” in Rural France’. Ethnos 76, no. 3 (2011): 348-74.

-         Johler, R. (2003), ‘Local Europe. The Production of Cultural Heritage and the Europeanisation of Placesʼ, in: J. Frykman, P. Niedermüller (eds.), Articulating Europe. Local Perspectives (Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press), 7-18

-         Kirshenblatt-Gimblett Barbara 2004, “Intangible Heritage as Metacultural Production”, Museum International, 56 (1-2): 52–65. (to be read together with) M. Tauschek, “Reflections on the Metacultural Nature of Intangible Cultural Heritage”, in Journal of Ethnology and Folkloristics, n. 5 (2), 2011, pp.49-64

-         Laurajane Smith, Chapter “The idea of heritage” in id., Uses of Heritage, Routledge, London-New York 2006, pp. 11-43

-         Laurajane Smith, Chapter “Heritage as a Cultural Process” in id., Uses of Heritage, Routledge, London-New York 2006, pp. 44-83

-         Nic Craith, M. (2008), ‘Intangible Cultural Heritages: The Challenges for Europe’, Anthropological Journal of European Cultures 17(1), 54-73.

-         Nic Craith, M. and U. Kockel (2015), ‘(Re‐)Building Heritage: Integrating Tangible and Intangible’, in: W. Logan, M. Nic Craith and U. Kockel (eds), A Companion to Heritage Studies (Malden/MA: Wiley), 426-442.

-         A. Testa, “L’impact de la création de patrimoines immatériels dans les différents domaines de la vie sociale : le cas des carnavals et les « fêtes de transition » en Europe”, in proceedings of the Association of Critical Heritage Studies Biennial Conference What does heritage change? Le patrimoine, ça change quoi?, 2-10 June 2016, Montréal, Canada

-         A. Testa, “Problemi e prospettive della ricerca demo-etno-antropologica su memoria sociale, (n)ostalgia, ritualità pubblica e patrimonio culturale immateriale nell’Europa post-socialista”, in Lares, n. 82 (2), 2016, pp. 237-276

-         A. Testa, C. Isnart: “Introduction: Reconfiguring Tradition(s) and the Traditional in Europe”. In C. Isnart, A. Testa (eds.), Re-enchantment, Ritualization, Heritage-making: Processes Reconfiguring Tradition in Europe. Monographic issue of Ethnologia Europaea, n. 50 (1), 2020, pp. 5-19

-         Alessandro Testa, Ritualising Cultural Heritage and Re-Enchanting Rituals in Europe. Carolina Academic Press, Durham: Chapter 8 (“Chapter 8 Ritualisation, (Re- )Traditionalisation, and Mythopoiesis”)

-         A. Testa, “The Anthropology of Cultural Heritage in Europe: A Brief Genealogy from the Desk (1970-2020) and Empirical Observations from the Field (2010-2020)”. In Traditiones (ISSN 0352-0447), n. 50 (1), 2021, pp. 15-28

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