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Předmět, akademický rok 2017/2018
  
(Post) Conflict Society in the Western Balkans after the break-up of the Eastern Bloc - JMMZ225
Anglický název: (Post) Conflict Society in the Western Balkans after the break-up of the Eastern Bloc
Zajišťuje: Katedra ruských a východoevropských studií (23-KRVS)
Fakulta: Fakulta sociálních věd
Platnost: od 2015 do 2017
Semestr: zimní
Body: 6
E-Kredity: 6
Způsob provedení zkoušky: zimní s.:
Rozsah, examinace: zimní s.:1/1 Zk [hodiny/týden]
Počet míst: neurčen / neurčen (25)
Minimální obsazenost: neomezen
Stav předmětu: nevyučován
Jazyk výuky: čeština
Způsob výuky: prezenční
Poznámka: předmět je možno zapsat mimo plán
povolen pro zápis po webu
při zápisu přednost, je-li ve stud. plánu
Garant: PhDr. Ondřej Žíla, Ph.D.
Anotace
Poslední úprava: PhDr. Ondřej Žíla, Ph.D. (17.01.2015)
The course focuses on selected aspects of (post-)conflict society in the Western Balkans after the break-up of the so-called Eastern Bloc. Because of the break-up of socialist Yugoslavia in 1991, tensions and collective violence escalated in the Western Balkans (initially in Slovenia, Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina, later also in Kosovo and FYROM). The course examines both political and socio-economic causes of why the tensions escalated to such an extent in the former Yugoslav republics. It likewise puts emphasis on the typology of conflicts, chosen phenomena which influenced ex-Yugoslav communities in the course of the war and on the formation of a new war identity. Attention is also devoted to paramilitary groups and to the impacts of the war under scrutiny on the behaviour of societies as well as of individuals. The principal aim of the course is to provide students with an overview of the main aspects of war anthropology and their influence on communities dramatically changed by war.
Cíl předmětu - angličtina
Poslední úprava: PhDr. Ondřej Žíla, Ph.D. (17.01.2015)

The aim of the course is to provide students with an overview of the main aspects of (post-)conflict society in the Western Balkans after the break-up of the Eastern Bloc. After the introductory analysis of one of the examples of nationalist propaganda in practice (i.e. the recounting of the number of the dead of World War II in the 1980s) and of the characteristics of the Yugoslav constitutional order, focus is placed on analysing the typology of the most important conflicts in Croatia and in Bosnia-Herzegovina. The aim is to observe and analyse different interpretations of these wars and to evaluate whether they were civil conflicts or an act of aggression on the part of the neighbouring countries (the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and Croatia). Attention is also paid to the assessment of the accompanying phenomena of the wars under scrutiny: ethnic cleansing and forced migration. The following lectures are devoted to violence, which was brought into ex-Yugoslav communities from the outside - by paramilitary units and foreign combatants who fought in the area in huge numbers, especially in the war in Bosnia-Herzegovina. The last bloc of the course analyses the development in the Albanian area, i.e. the dramatic socio-economic situation in Albania in the 1990s, which caused a distinctive manpower drain out of the country and influenced the conflict in Kosovo. The question of so-called "Greater Albania" likewise resonates in the last lecture dealing with the "last" conflict in the ex-Yugoslav area, in FYROM. 

Požadavky ke zkoušce - angličtina
Poslední úprava: PhDr. Ondřej Žíla, Ph.D. (17.01.2015)

The basic requirement of the course is a minimum attendance of 70% (i.e. 9 seminars). The course is organised as follows: After an introductory speech of the lecturer, an analysis of the required text from the list of obligatory readings will follow. Regular reading of the required texts for every single class is obligatory for all participants without exception. On top of that, one main presenter will be chosen for each seminar. After he/she outlines the main ideas of the particular text in an oral presentation, a general discussion on the assigned reading will follow. In addition to presenting the main thoughts of the text, students also have to write a final paper (5 pages), an analysis of a chosen topic. The topical choice can be identical with that of the presentation. The text, written in academic style, has to include footnotes and references (you have to use at least 5 independent academic sources). The final paper has to be submitted to my e-mail address zila1@seznam.cz no later than 17 May 2015. Last but not least, there will be a final written exam at the end of the course.

 

Assessment

15% final paper
25% oral presentation and activity in the class (class reading)
60% final exam

1 (A) 100 - 91%
2 (B) 90 - 75%
3 (C) 74 - 60%
4 (F) less than 60%

 

Note on plagiarism

 

Students should follow the rules of academic conduct. Any instance of plagiarism will be immediately delivered to the Disciplinary commission for further decision. Please, consult any uncertainties with the lecturer before you submit your paper.

Sylabus - angličtina
Poslední úprava: PhDr. Ondřej Žíla, Ph.D. (17.01.2015)

1)     "Recounting the Dead" - Nationalist Propaganda in the 1980s in Socialist Yugoslavia

 

Required Reading

HAYDEN, R.: Recounting the Dead: The Rediscovery and Redefinition of Wartime Massacres in Late- and Post-Communist Yugoslavia. In: HAYDEN, R. (ed.): From Yugoslavia to the Western Balkans. Studies of a European Disunion, 1991-2011, Boston 2013, pp.

 

Recommended Reading

DENICH, B.: Dismembering Yugoslavia: The Nationalist Ideologies and the Symbolic Revival of Genocide. In: American Ethnologist, Vol. 21, p. 367-390.

 

DENICH, B.: Unmaking Multi-Ethnicity in Yugoslavia: Metamorphosis Observed. In: Anthropology of East Europe Review, Vol. 11, No. 1−2.

 

ANĐELIĆ, N.:  The Rise of Nationalism and the Communists (4. kapitola). In: ANĐELIĆ, N.:  Bosnia-Herzegovina. The End of a Legacy, London 2005, pp. 96-119.

 

HAMMEL, E.: The Yugoslav Labyrinth. In: Anthropology of East Europe Review, Vol. 11, No. 1−2.

 

2)     "On the Edge of Abyss" - Constitutional Disintegration of Federal Yugoslavia

 

Required Reading

HAYDEN, R.: chapter 4. In: HAYDEN, R.: Blueprints for a House Divided: the Constitutional Logic of the Yugoslav Conflicts, Ann Arbor 1999.

 

Recommended Reading

 

GAGNON, V. P.: Yugoslavia in 1989 and after. In: Nationalities Papers, Vol. 38, No. 1, 2010, 23-39.

 

RAMET, S. P.: III. kapitola. In: RAMET, S. P.: Thinking about Yugoslavia. Scholarly Debates about Yugoslav Breakup and the Wars in Bonsia and Kosovo, New York 2005, pp. 54-75.

 

ANĐELIĆ, N.:  Nationalist Rule (7. kapitola). In: ANĐELIĆ, N.:  Bosnia-Herzegovina. The End of a Legacy, London 2005, pp. 180-202.

 

GAGNON, V. P.: Ethnic Nationalism and International Conflict. The Case of Serbia. In: International Security, Vol. 19, No. 3, 1994-1995, 130-166

 

3)     A Civil War or Aggression? Understanding of the Wars in Former Yugoslavia

 

Required Reading

 

SMAJLOVIĆ, L: From the heart of the heart of the former Yugoslavia. In: The Wilson Quarterly, Vol. 19, No. 3, 1995, p. 14.

 

BANAC, I.: What Happened in the Balkans (or Rather ex-Yugoslavia?). In: East European Politics and Societies, Vol. 23, 2009, pp. 461-478.

 

Recommended Reading

 

STOKES, G., LAMPE, J., RUSINOW, D., MOSTOV, J.: Instant History: Understanding the Wars of Yugoslav Succession. In: Slavic Review, Vol. 55, No. 1, 1996.

 

BAKIC-HAYDEN, M., HAYDEN, R. (1992) ‘Orientalist Variations on the Theme "Balkans": Symbolic Geography in Recent Yugoslav Politics’, Slavic Review 51(1): 1-15.

 

STOKES, G.: Solving the Wars of Yugoslav Succession. In: NAIMARK, Norman M., ed. a CASE, Holly, ed. Yugoslavia and its Historians: Understanding the Balkan Wars of the 1990S. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2003.

 

RAMET, S. P.: IV. kapitola. In: RAMET, S. P.: Thinking about Yugoslavia. Scholarly Debates about Yugoslav Breakup and the Wars in Bonsia and Kosovo, New York 2005, pp. 76-107.

 

4)     Violence in the Wars in Former Yugoslavia: Ethnic Cleansing or Genocide?

 

Required Reading

 

MOJZES, P.: Chapter 1. In: MOJZES, P.: Balkan Genocides: Holocaust and Ethnic Cleansing in the Twentieth Century. Lanham, Rowman & Littlefield 2011.

 

Recommended Reading

 

WEINE, S.: Chapter II (Living through Ethnic Cleansing). WEINE, When History Is a Nightmare: Lives and Memories of Ethnic Cleansing in Bosnia-Herzegovina, London 1999.

 

MELANDER, E.: Ethnic Cleansing in Bosnia-Herzegovina, 1992-1995, University of Essex 2007 [cit. 2012-9-4]. Dostupné z: ˂http://privatewww.essex.ac.uk/~ksg/dscw2007/Melander.pdf>.

 

CALIC, M-J.: Ethnic Cleansing and War Crimes, 1991-1995. In: INGRAO, C., EMMERT, T. A.: Confronting the Yugoslav Controversies. A Scholars’ Initiative. West Lafayette, Indiana 2009.

 

CUSHMAN, T.: Anthropology and Genocide in the Balkans. An analysis of cenceptual practices of power. In: Anthropological Theory, Vol. 4, pp. 5-28.

 

HAYDEN, R.: Innacurate data, spurious issues, and editorial failure in Cushman’s ´Anthropology and Genocide in the Balkans. In: Anthropological Theory, Vol. 4, pp. 545-554.

 

5)     A Civil War or Aggression? The war in Croatia and Its Interpretation

 

Required Reading

 

RAMET, S.: Politics in Croatia since 1990. In: RAMET, S. P. (ed.): Central and southeast European politics since 1989, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010, pp. 258-285.

 

MOJZES, P.: War in Croatia. In: MOJZES, P.: Balkan Genocides: Holocaust and Ethnic Cleansing in the Twentieth Century. Lanha 2011, pp. 151-162.

 

Recommended Reading

 

JANSEN, S.: The Violence of Memories. Local narratives of the pastafter ethnic cleansing in Croatia. In: Rethinking History, Vol. 6, 2002, pp. 77-94.

 

SADKOVICH, J.: Patriots, Villains, and Franjo Tudjman. In:

 

6)     A Civil War or Aggression? The war in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Its Interpretation

 

Required Reading

 

JANSEN, S.: Remembering with a Difference: Clashing Memories of Bosnian Conflict in Everyday Life. In: BOUGAREL, X., HELMS, E., DUIJZINGS, G. (eds.): The new Bosnian mosaic: identities, memories and moral claims in a post-war society. Hampshire 2007

 

CAMPBELL D.: Violence and Identity in Bosnia. In: CAMPBELL D.: National Deconstruction : Violence, Identity, and Justice in Bosnia, Minneapolis 1998, pp. 83-114.

 

Recommended Reading

 

KALYVAS, S. N., SAMBANIS, N.: Bosnia’s Civil War. Origins and Violence Dynamics. In: COLLIER, P., SAMBANIS, N. (eds.): Understanding civil war: Europe, Central Asia, and other regions: evidence and analysis. Volume 2, Europe, Central Asia, and other regions, Washington 2005.

 

MUELLER, J.: The Banality of ‘Ethnic War‘: Yugoslavia and Rwanda, Ohio 2000.

 

SHRADER, CH.: The Muslim-Croat civil war in Central Bosnia: a military history, 1992-1994, Texas 2003. 

 

FOTINI, C.: Following the Money: Muslim versus Muslim in Bosnia’s Civil War. In: Comparative Politics, Vol. 40, No. 4, 2008, pp. 461-480.

 

7)     "Life under Siege": Strategy of Surviving in a Besieged City. Examples from Sarajevo and Goražde

 

Required Reading

 

SACCO, J.: Safe area Goražde. Seattle: Fantagraphics Books, 2005. 

 

MAČEK, I.: ‘Imitation of Life’: Negotiating Normality in Sarajevo under Siege. In: BOUGAREL, X., HELMS, E., DUIJZINGS, G. (eds.): The new Bosnian mosaic: identities, memories and moral claims in a post-war society, Hampshire 2007, pp. 39-57.

 

Recommended Reading

 

MAČEK, I.: Sarajevo under siege: Anthropology in Wartime, Philadelphia 2009.

 

8)     The Role of Religion in the War. Examples from Bosnia-Herzegovina

 

Required Reading

 

MOJZES, P.: The Camouflaged Role of Religion in the War in Bosnia and Herzegovina. In: MOJZES, P. (ed.): Religion and the War in Bosnia. Atlanta 1998.

 

COHEN, L. J.: Bosnia’s "Tribal Gods": The Role of Religion in Nationalist Politics. In: MOJZES, P. (ed.): Religion and the War in Bosnia. Atlanta 1998

 

Recommended Reading

 

VRCAN, S.: The Religious Factor and the War  in Bosnia and Herzegovina. In: MOJZES, P. (ed.): Religion and the War in Bosnia. Atlanta 1998.

 

VELIKONJA, M.: A War over Differences: The Religious Dimensions of the Conflict in Bosnia-Herzegovina. In: VELIKONJA, M.: Religious separation and political intolerance in Bosnia-Herzegovina. 1st ed. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2003

 

9)     Violence Brought into Ex-Yugoslav Communities from the Outside: Paramilitary Units, Volunteers and Foreign Combatants  

 

Required Reading

 

VIVOD, M.: In the Shadow of the Serbian Paramilitary Units: Narrative Patterns about the Role of Paramilitary Units in Former Yugoslav Conflict. In: Advances in Anthropology, Vol. 3, 2013, pp. 23-32.

 

OLUIC, S.: Radical Islam on Europe’s Frontier - Bosnia & Herzegovina. In: National Security And The Future, Vol. 9, 2008.

 

Recommended Reading

 

KOHLMANN, E.: Al-Qaida’s Jihad in Europe: the Afghan-Bosnian network, Oxford 2004.

 

DELISO, CH.: The coming Balkan caliphate: the threat of radical Islam to Europe and the West. Westport 2007.

 

10)  Pyramid Games in Albania: State Collapse and Its Influence on the Conflict in Kosovo

11)  The Kosovo War

12)  Macedonia on the Brink: War in FYROM

 
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