PředmětyPředměty(verze: 908)
Předmět, akademický rok 2022/2023
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Empirical Law and Economics - JEM126
Anglický název: Empirical Law and Economics
Zajišťuje: Institut ekonomických studií (23-IES)
Fakulta: Fakulta sociálních věd
Platnost: od 2021
Semestr: letní
E-Kredity: 5
Způsob provedení zkoušky: letní s.:kombinovaná
Rozsah, examinace: letní s.:2/0, Zk [HT]
Počet míst: neomezen / neurčen (neurčen)
Minimální obsazenost: neomezen
Virtuální mobilita / počet míst: ne
Stav předmětu: vyučován
Jazyk výuky: angličtina
Způsob výuky: prezenční
Poznámka: předmět je možno zapsat mimo plán
povolen pro zápis po webu
při zápisu přednost, je-li ve stud. plánu
Garant: doc. Mgr. Bc. Libor Dušek, Ph.D.
Vyučující: doc. Mgr. Bc. Libor Dušek, Ph.D.
Třída: Courses for incoming students
Anotace - angličtina
Poslední úprava: doc. Mgr. Bc. Libor Dušek, Ph.D. (23.02.2022)
The course presents advanced concepts, models, and recent empirical research in Law and Economics. It employs empirical techniques to analyze how legal rules affect the behavior of people and firms, how they affect market outcomes, and how they compare in terms of economic efficiency.

While the course is primarily empirical, strong emphasis is placed on the link between theory and empirical work. Throughout the course, we will show applications of micro-econometric empirical strategies (e.g., difference-in-differences, regression discontinuity) that estimate causal effects of legal rules on economic outcomes. The students will see their use in actual research, the links with theory, and should learn how to think critically about the limitations of empirical studies. The course is thus complementary to applied micro courses (Labor, Health, Public Finance) and to econometrics courses (Applied Microeconometrics, Health Econometrics).

HYBRID TEACHING INSTRUCTIONS:
The lectures are taught in person and they are also streamed in real-time on MS Teams. To attend online lectures:
- You need to login to your Teams app or to office365.cuni.cz -> Teams using your Charles University login.
- I added everyone enrolled to the team "Empirical Law and Economics 2021-22" (pls write if you cannot join it).
- The link to the team is here: https://teams.microsoft.com/l/team/19%3aF33rvKseVX_ap_NYkh02hTImmShuYF4T0t8v7zB5f8s1%40thread.tacv2/conversations?groupId=1f1c6bcd-6d6d-4024-b36f-aaa8440813a0&tenantId=e09276da-f934-4086-bf08-8816a20414a2
- The classes are scheduled as meetings in the channel "General".

Podmínky zakončení předmětu - angličtina
Poslední úprava: doc. Mgr. Bc. Libor Dušek, Ph.D. (10.09.2021)

 Course completion requirements:

To pass the course students need to:

- Complete three home assignments. These consist typically of econometrics exercises, replicating research on actual data.

- Write a referee report on a working paper (to show the ability to critically assess empirical research).

Literatura - angličtina
Poslední úprava: doc. Mgr. Bc. Libor Dušek, Ph.D. (10.09.2021)

Readings:

The class is based on original papers, hence there is no single textbook. The books summarize the literature and provide a guide to other topics.

Books:

Polinsky, M.A. and Shavell, S.: Handbook of Law and Economics Volume 1-2, North-Holland 2007.

Cooter, R. and Ulen, T: Law and Economics, 6th edition, Prentice Hall 2011 (just a reference for an undergraduate-level material)

Winter, H.: The Economics of Crime: An Introduction to rational crime analysis, Routledge 2008

Epstein, L., & Martin, A. D. (2014). An introduction to empirical legal research. Oxford University Press.

Angrist, J. D., & Pischke, J. S. (2008). Mostly harmless econometrics. Princeton University Press.

 

 

Key papers for each topic (full reading list will be provided at the start of the course):

Coase theorem

Coase, Ronald H.: The Problem of Social Costs, Journal of Law and Economics, Vol. 3, 1960: 1-44.

 

Property law and land use

Libecap, G.D. and Dean Lueck: The Demarcation of Land and the Role of Coordinating Property Institutions, Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 119, No. 3 (June 2011), pp. 426-467

 

Tort law and Value of Statistical Life

Viscusi, W. K., & Aldy, J. E. (2003). The value of a statistical life: a critical review of market estimates throughout the world. Journal of risk and uncertainty, 27(1), 5-76.

Viscusi, W. K. (2010). The heterogeneity of the value of statistical life: Introduction and overview. Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 40(1), 1-13.

 

Economics of crime: theory

Becker, Gary S.: Crime and Punishment: An Economic Approach, Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 76 (2), 1968: 169-217.

 

Economics of crime: estimating general deterrence

Drago, F, R. Galbiati, and P. Vertova: The deterrent effects of prison: Evidence from a natural experiment, J of Political Economy 2009.

Weisburd, S. (2015). Does Police Presence Create Deterrence? Working paper, Tel Aviv University

 

Economics of crime: estimating specific deterrence

Dusek, L. and Traxler, C. (2021): Learning from Law Enforcement, Journal of the European Economic Association.

Bhuller, M., Dahl, G. B., Løken, K. V., & Mogstad, M. (2016). Incarceration, Recidivism and Employment. NBER Working Paper, (w22648).

 

Labor markets, immigration and crime

Bell, B., Fasani, F. and Machin, S. (2013). Crime and Immigration: Evidence from Large Immigrant Waves, Review of Economics and Statistics.

Mastrobuoni, G., and Pinotti, P. (2015). Legal status and the criminal activity of immigrants. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 7(2).

 

Detecting illegal behavior

Jacob, B. A. and Steve Levitt: Rotten Apples: An Investigation of the Prevalence and Predictors of Teacher Cheating. Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol. 118 (3), 2003: 843-877.

Kleven, H. J. (2016). Bunching. Annual Review of Economics, 8, 435-464.

 

Civil and criminal procedure

Andreoni, James: Reasonable doubt and the optimal magnitude of fines: should the punishment fit the crime?RAND Journal of Economics, Vol. 22 (3), 1991: 385-395.

Yang, C. S. (2016). Resource constraints and the criminal justice system: Evidence from judicial vacancies. American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, 8(4), 289-332.

Dimitrova-Grajzl, V., Grajzl, P., Sustersic, J., and Zajc, K. (2012). Court output, judicial staffing, and the demand for court services: Evidence from Slovenian courts of first instance. International Review of Law and Economics, Vol. 32 (1), pp. 19-29.

 

Regulation, impact assessment, and cost-benefit analysis

Van Benthem, A. (2015). What is the optimal speed limit on freeways?. Journal of Public Economics, 124, 44-62.

 

Abortion and crime

Donohue, J. and Steve Levitt: Legalized Abortion and Crime, Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol. 116 (2), 2001: 379-420.

Foote, Ch. L. and Christopher Goetz: Testing Economic Hypothesis with State-Level Data: A Comment on Donohue and Levitt (2001), Federal Reserve Bank of Boston working paper No. 05-15, 2005.

Donohue, J. and Steve Levitt: Measurement Error, Legalized Abortion, the Decline in Crime: A Response to Foote and Goetz (2005), unpublished manuscript, 2005.

 

Sylabus - angličtina
Poslední úprava: doc. Mgr. Bc. Libor Dušek, Ph.D. (10.09.2021)

 

Course contents:

1.       Coase theorem

2.       Property law and land use

3.       Tort Law and Value of Statistical Life

4.       Economics of crime: theory

5.       Economics of crime: estimating general deterrence

6.       Economics of crime: estimating specific deterrence

7.       Detecting illegal behavior

8.       Labor markets, immigration, and crime

9.       Civil and criminal procedure

10.   Regulation, impact assessment, and cost-benefit analysis

11.   How do we learn from empirical research: Abortion and crime case study

 
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