PředmětyPředměty(verze: 901)
Předmět, akademický rok 2022/2023
  
Ethics and Economics - JEM020
Anglický název: Ethics and Economics
Český název: Ethics and Economics
Zajišťuje: Institut ekonomických studií (23-IES)
Fakulta: Fakulta sociálních věd
Platnost: od 2022
Semestr: zimní
E-Kredity: 6
Způsob provedení zkoušky: zimní s.:
Rozsah, examinace: zimní s.:2/2 Zk [hodiny/týden]
Počet míst: 1185 / 1185 (1000)
Minimální obsazenost: neomezen
Virtuální mobilita / počet míst: ano / 20
Kompetence: critical thinking
Stav předmětu: vyučován
Jazyk výuky: angličtina
Způsob výuky: prezenční
Další informace: http://dl1.cuni.cz/course/view.php?id=3695
Poznámka: předmět je možno zapsat mimo plán
povolen pro zápis po webu
při zápisu přednost, je-li ve stud. plánu
Garant: doc. Ing. Tomáš Cahlík, CSc.
Vyučující: doc. Ing. Tomáš Cahlík, CSc.
Jan Mošovský, M.Sc.
Yermone Sargsyan, M.Sc.
Třída: Courses for incoming students
Neslučitelnost : JPB338
Je neslučitelnost pro: JPB368, JPB338
Termíny zkoušek   Rozvrh   Nástěnka   
Soubory Komentář Kdo přidal
stáhnout EEWeek1.pdf Presentation 1st Week doc. Ing. Tomáš Cahlík, CSc.
stáhnout EEWeek10.pdf Presentation 10th Week doc. Ing. Tomáš Cahlík, CSc.
stáhnout EEWeek11.pdf Presentation 11th Week doc. Ing. Tomáš Cahlík, CSc.
stáhnout EEWeek12CodesofEthics.pdf Presentation 12th Week Seminar doc. Ing. Tomáš Cahlík, CSc.
stáhnout EEWeek12.pdf Presentation 12th Week doc. Ing. Tomáš Cahlík, CSc.
stáhnout EEWeek2Drugs.pptx Presentation 2nd Week Seminar doc. Ing. Tomáš Cahlík, CSc.
stáhnout EEWeek2.pdf Presentation 2nd Week doc. Ing. Tomáš Cahlík, CSc.
stáhnout EEWeek3.pdf Presentation 3rd Week doc. Ing. Tomáš Cahlík, CSc.
stáhnout EEWeek4.pdf Presentation 4th Week doc. Ing. Tomáš Cahlík, CSc.
stáhnout EEWeek5.ppt Presentation 5th Week doc. Ing. Tomáš Cahlík, CSc.
stáhnout EEWeek6.ppt Presentation 6th Week doc. Ing. Tomáš Cahlík, CSc.
stáhnout EEWeek7.pdf Presentation 7th Week doc. Ing. Tomáš Cahlík, CSc.
stáhnout EEWeek8.pdf Presentation 8th Week doc. Ing. Tomáš Cahlík, CSc.
stáhnout EEWeek9.pdf Presentation 9th Week doc. Ing. Tomáš Cahlík, CSc.
Anotace -
Poslední úprava: doc. Ing. Tomáš Cahlík, CSc. (03.09.2021)
There are no required prerequisites for this course.

This course is interdisciplinary: different concepts from moral and political philosophy, methodology, social sciences, economics and finance are used for discussing many relevant topics. Used concepts are explained in lectures, relevant topics are discussed in seminars. Relevant topics are, e.g.:
Legality of drugs
Abortion
Migration
Helping to the poor
Ethics of war and peace
Ethics Codes - especially CFA (Chartered Financial Analyst) Ethics Code
Terrorism and torture
Animals and Ecological Ethics
Family, marriage, household
The death penalty
Euthanasia
Ethics of civil disobediance
Affirmative action and discrimination
Adoption to gay or lesbian pairs
Genetical engineering
Selling organs for transplantation



Cíl předmětu -
Poslední úprava: doc. Ing. Tomáš Cahlík, CSc. (03.09.2021)

By the end of this course students will be able to discuss different topics with understanding of relevant concepts from moral and political philosophy, methodology, social sciences, economics and finance.
Literatura -
Poslední úprava: doc. Ing. Tomáš Cahlík, CSc. (13.09.2020)

Required readings for each week are specified in the syllabus, homeworks are based on these required readings.

 

Recommended videos:

Harvard Justice course:   justiceharvard.org

Yale open course "The Moral Foundations of Politics":   https://oyc.yale.edu/political-science/plsc-118/lecture-1

 

Recommended Readings:

Buchanan, James: The Limits of Liberty (Between Anarchy and Leviathan)

Mappes, T.A., Zembaty J.S., DeGrazia, D.: Social Ethics - Morality and Social Policy. McGraw Hill 2012

Rachels, J., Rachels, S.: The Elements of Moral Philosophy. McGraw Hill 2015

Rachels, J., Rachels, S.: The Right Thing to Do. McGraw Hill 2015

Rosenberg, A: Philosophy of Social Science

Metody výuky -
Poslední úprava: doc. Ing. Tomáš Cahlík, CSc. (15.09.2021)

This course is run in a hybrid form throughout the whole semester, i.e. each lecture and tutorial is broadcasted.

Link to the morniong session:

Tomáš Cahlík is inviting you to a scheduled Zoom meeting.

Topic: Ethics and Economics - Morning Session
Time: Sep 30, 2021 08:00 AM Prague Bratislava
        Every week on Thu, 12 occurrence(s)
        Sep 30, 2021 08:00 AM
        Oct 7, 2021 08:00 AM
        Oct 14, 2021 08:00 AM
        Oct 21, 2021 08:00 AM
        Oct 28, 2021 08:00 AM
        Nov 4, 2021 08:00 AM
        Nov 11, 2021 08:00 AM
        Nov 18, 2021 08:00 AM
        Nov 25, 2021 08:00 AM
        Dec 2, 2021 08:00 AM
        Dec 9, 2021 08:00 AM
        Dec 16, 2021 08:00 AM
Please download and import the following iCalendar (.ics) files to your calendar system.
Weekly: https://cesnet.zoom.us/meeting/tJcpdumrqjsuHNH4ItJCM9mV0xvV6ao8HaLo/ics?icsToken=98tyKuCrqjoqGdCVtB-CRowqBoj4c-nwiGJbgo11yDbxKQN-Ow7AZvpUBOR-H4D4

Join Zoom Meeting
https://cesnet.zoom.us/j/93410340465?pwd=UzY4eDZOaGVFTlZ2aGY5aW5IV3dEZz09

Meeting ID: 934 1034 0465
Passcode: 709370
One tap mobile
+420228882388,,93410340465#,,,,*709370# Czech Republic
+420239018272,,93410340465#,,,,*709370# Czech Republic

Dial by your location
        +420 2 2888 2388 Czech Republic
        +420 2 3901 8272 Czech Republic
        +420 5 3889 0161 Czech Republic
Meeting ID: 934 1034 0465
Passcode: 709370
Find your local number: https://cesnet.zoom.us/u/aeCGC3QPH

Link to the afternoon session:

Tomáš Cahlík is inviting you to a scheduled Zoom meeting.

Topic: Ethics and Economics - Afternoon Session
Time: Sep 30, 2021 02:00 PM Prague Bratislava
        Every week on Thu, 12 occurrence(s)
        Sep 30, 2021 02:00 PM
        Oct 7, 2021 02:00 PM
        Oct 14, 2021 02:00 PM
        Oct 21, 2021 02:00 PM
        Oct 28, 2021 02:00 PM
        Nov 4, 2021 02:00 PM
        Nov 11, 2021 02:00 PM
        Nov 18, 2021 02:00 PM
        Nov 25, 2021 02:00 PM
        Dec 2, 2021 02:00 PM
        Dec 9, 2021 02:00 PM
        Dec 16, 2021 02:00 PM
Please download and import the following iCalendar (.ics) files to your calendar system.
Weekly: https://cesnet.zoom.us/meeting/tJYrceiorTkjEtAMgQgTpx0nPozg3Ow3J8Sf/ics?icsToken=98tyKuCqqD0rGteXuRGDRowQBI_od_TztnpEj7d8sRjUBBRDelP4Bu1YNeFQB4v6

Join Zoom Meeting
https://cesnet.zoom.us/j/92661032984?pwd=czBBQkticmZTNjNUUllKWGpQNjdsQT09

Meeting ID: 926 6103 2984
Passcode: 905033
One tap mobile
+420239018272,,92661032984#,,,,*905033# Czech Republic
+420538890161,,92661032984#,,,,*905033# Czech Republic

Dial by your location
        +420 2 3901 8272 Czech Republic
        +420 5 3889 0161 Czech Republic
        +420 2 2888 2388 Czech Republic
Meeting ID: 926 6103 2984
Passcode: 905033
Find your local number: https://cesnet.zoom.us/u/ad5RjB7T5v


 

Požadavky ke zkoušce -
Poslední úprava: doc. Ing. Tomáš Cahlík, CSc. (03.09.2021)

Grading:

  • Homeworks (48 %, related to required readings, 8% for each homework). There are six homeworks: in the 2nd, 4th, 6th, 8th, 10th and 12th week. You put the pdf file with your homework into the SIS UK (starting menu, part Education, icon with four persons), till Sunday 23:55 of the relevant week. Homeworks sent by e-mail are not accepted. The SIS does not allow you to enter your homework after the deadline. In each homework, you write two critical appraisals of required readings from previous two weeks. Each critical appraisal is structured into 4 paragraphs as follows: Paragraph introducing your appraisal, paragraph with strong (what you agree with) poins of appraised reading, paragraph with weak (what you do not agree with) points of appraised reading and paragraph concluding your appraisal. The expected length of each appraisal is 1 page, but feel free to write more.
  • Essay  (52%): from 12 to 15 pages from Introduction to Conclusions, 1.5 spacing, font size 12, you can choose to write it in English, Czech or Slovak, but take care of correct terminology. Please suggest me the Name of your essay and preliminary Contents till the end of November for approval - by e-mail. Your topic ought to build upon the content of this course, not to repeat the content of this course. You ought to discuss economic, political, social and moral aspects of your topic. You put the pdf file with your essay into the SIS UK (starting menu, part Education, icon with four persons), till the end of December. Essays sent by e-mail are not accepted. The SIS does not allow you to enter your essay after the deadline.


Mandatory structuring of your essay:

  • Title page with the name of your essay and  your name
  • Contents on the 2nd page
  • Introduction that starts with a paragraph specifying your motivation for writing about your topic and the aim of your essay and ends with explanation of the structure of your essay
  • Main part
  • Economic aspects
  • Political aspects
  • Social aspects
  • Moral aspects
  • Conclusions  that start with a paragraph summarizing your main findings and ends with a paragraph describing where you would move in studying ethics ans economics if yiou had time for it
  • References

Except of the title page, alll parts must have a clearly visible heading

Essay points: :

  • 7 for keeping the "End of November" deadline
  • 20  for keeping the mandatory structure
  • 25 for your ideas and finding

Grading scale:

91% - 100%: A

81%  - 90%  : B

71%  - 80%  : C

61% - 70%: D

51%  - 60%  : E

0%  - 50%  : F

Sylabus -
Poslední úprava: doc. Ing. Tomáš Cahlík, CSc. (12.12.2021)

Week 1: Moral and Political Philosophy

      • Introduction to the Course
      • Ethical Pre-Understanding of Real Situations
      • What is Ethics?
      • From Personal to Social and Economic Ethics
        • Human Person in Human Relations
        • Human Relations in Institutional Intermediation
        • Social and Economic Ethics
      • Moral Reasoning:
        • Sound and Valid Arguments
        • Consequentialist x Categorical Reasoning

Max Weber: Politics as Vocation (pdf file can be found on web)

 

Week 2: Philosophy of Social Science

      • Introduction: Philosophy - Selected Topics
      • Philosophy of Science
      • Philosophy of Social Science
        • Macrosocial Science and Functionalism
        • Moral Questions and Social Science
      • Moral Reasoning
        • Exercising of Moral Reasoning on Legality of Drugs

Required Reading:

Ludwig von Mises: Human Action - Introduction  and Chapter I "Acting Man"  (e.g. https://cdn.mises.org/Human%20Action_3.pdf )

Optional Readings:

http://web.uncg.edu/dcl/courses/viceCrime/m6/nadelmann%20-%20the%20case%20for%20legalization.htm

https://www.commentary.org/articles/james-wilson/against-the-legalization-of-drugs

 

Week 3: Philosophy of Economics

      • Philosophy of Economics
      • Neoclassical Synthesis x Post Keynesian Economics
      • Moral Reasoning
        • Exercising of Moral Reasoning on Abortion

Required Reading:

Milton Friedman - The Methodology of Positive Economics (e.g. https://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&pid=sites&srcid=ZGVmYXVsdGRvbWFpbnx0c3puZ2F3b25nfGd4OjE3MDM2MDQ3OWRmZWE1NTY )

Optional Readings:

http://spot.colorado.edu/~heathwoo/Phil160,Fall02/thomson.htm

http://faculty.polytechnic.org/gfeldmeth/45.marquis.pdf

 

Week 4: Behavior and Choice

      • Four Levels for Assessing Behaviour
      • Theory of Choice
        • Mainstream Approach
        • Uncertainty, Substantial and Procedural Rationality
        • Post Keynesian Approach
      • Labour Market, Fairness and Inflation
        • Mainstream Approach
        • Post Keynesian Approach
      • Moral Reasoning
        • Exercising of Moral Reasoning on Migration

Required Reading:

Friedrich August von Hayek: Law, legislation and Liberty - Volume 1, Chapter 4 "The Changing Concept of Law" (e.g. https://libsa.files.wordpress.com/2015/01/hayek-law-legislation-and-liberty.pdf )

Optional Readings:

http://www.garretthardinsociety.org/articles_pdf/living_on_a_lifeboat.pdf

http://www.nytimes.com/1999/09/05/magazine/the-singer-solution-to-world-poverty.html

 

Week 5: Jeremy Bentham x Immanuel Kant

      • Empiricist Ethics and Utilitarianism
      • Immanuel Kant and Categorical Reasoning
      • Moral Reasoning
        • Exercising of moral reasoning on "helping to the poor"
          • Comparison of different approaches: Ethical Egoism, Social Contract Approach, Utilitarianism and Christian Approach, John Rawls and Difference Principle

Required Reading:

John Stuart Mill - Utilitarianism (e.g. https://www.earlymoderntexts.com/assets/pdfs/mill1863.pdf )

Optional Readings:

https://www.jefftk.com/rachels-2013-immorality-having-children.pdf

http://users.manchester.edu/Facstaff/SSNaragon/Online/texts/425/Sen,%20PropertyHunger.pdf

 

Week 6: Personal Rules and Social Norms

      • Iterative Relation between Personal Rules and Social Norms
      • Human Psyche
      • Social Stability - Giving Reasons to Ethical Norms
      • Moral Reasoning
        • Exercising of Moral Reasoning on the Ethics of War and Peace

Required Reading:

Aristotle: The Politics - Book 1 (e.g. https://socialsciences.mcmaster.ca/econ/ugcm/3ll3/aristotle/Politics.pdf)

Optional Readings:

http://www2.hawaii.edu/~freeman/courses/phil100/14.%20The%20Ethics%20of%20War%20and%20Peace.pdf

https://www.dissentmagazine.org/wp-content/files_mf/1428085978JohnRawls.pdf

 

Week 7: Constitutional Economics

      • Constitutional Economics  
        • Origin
        • Constitutional Contract
        • The Contractarian Birth of State
        • Post constitutional Contract
        • Public Goods and Common Resources
        • Status Quo
        • Contractual Changes in Status Quo
        • Dual Capacity of State
        • Distributive Role of the State
      • Summary and Discussion of Selected Topics from Previous Weeks
        • Theories of Distributive Justice - Summary

Required Reading:

This time, it is about listening to James Buchanan: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=178aognlYHA

 

Week 8: Justice and Democracy

      • Justice as Fairness
      • Justice
      • Democracy
      • Majority Voting
      • Moral Reasoning
        • Exercising of Moral Reasoning on Terrorism and Torture

Required Reading:

Hannah Arendt: Philosophy and Politics (can be found on web)

Optional Readings:

http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/editorials/archives/2002/11/27/0000184966

http://scholarship.law.georgetown.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1163&context=facpub

 

Week 9: Democratic Justice

      • Democratic Justice Theory
      • Democratic Justice Applications
      • Discourse Theory of Law and Democracy
      • Moral Reasoning
        • Exercising of Moral Reasoning on Animals and Environmentalist Ethics

Required Reading:

Jurgen Habermas: Between Facts and Norms - Contributions to a Discourse Theory of Law and Democracy: Chapter 3 "A Reconstructive Approach to Law I: The System of Rights" (e.g. on http://blogs.unpad.ac.id/teddykw/files/2012/07/J%C3%BCrgen-Habermas-Between-Facts-and-Norms.pdf )

Optional Readings:

https://spot.colorado.edu/~heathwoo/phil1200,Spr07/singer.pdf

https://spot.colorado.edu/~heathwoo/phil1200,Spr07/cohen.pdf

 

Week 10: Liberty and Freedom

      • Order x Liberty
      • Nietsche and his Hammer
      • Freedom and Selfrealization
      • Moral Reasoning
        • Exercising of Moral Reasoning on Family, Marriage and Household

Required Reading:

Amartya Sen: Development as Freedom, Introduction and one chapter according to your choice (e.g. http://fs2.american.edu/dfagel/www/Philosophers/Sen/DevelopmentAsFreedomIntroNch1NEW.pdf)

Optional Readings:

https://digitalcommons.law.lsu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=5933&context=lalrev

https://newrepublic.com/article/103297/for-better-or-worse-gay-straight-marriage

 

Week 11: Virtue Ethics; Sense, Guilt and Shame

      • Virtue Ethics
      • Happpiness
      • Sense
      • Guilt and Shame
      • Moral Reasoning
          • Exercising of Moral Reasoning on "hot" topics: COVID measures and migrants in Belarus

Required Readings:

Alisdair MacIntyre: After Virtue (e.g. https://epistemh.pbworks.com/f/4.+Macintyre.pdf ), Chapter 14: "The Nature of the Virtues"

Optional Reading:

Alisdair MacIntyre: A Short History of Ethics (can be found on web)

 

Week 12: Short History of Ethics; Ethics Codes

      • Stoicism
      • Break with Middle Age
      • British Thinkers in the 18th Century
      • French Thinkers in the 18th Century
      • German Predecessor of Marx
      • Marxist Ethics
      • Material Value-Ethics
      • Existentialist Ethics
      • Ethology and Konrad Lorenz
      • Ethics Codes
        • CFA Ethics Code
        • Charles university Code of Ethics

Required Reading:

Bertrand Russel: The Elements of Ethics (can be found on web)

Optional Reading:

CFA Institute Code of Ethics and Standards of Professional Conducts (just 2 pages) (please find on https://www.cfainstitute.org/pages/index.aspx  under EthicsAndStandards)

 
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