PředmětyPředměty(verze: 945)
Předmět, akademický rok 2023/2024
   Přihlásit přes CAS
Surgery SE - B80352 (Všeobecné lékařství - AP)
Anglický název: Surgery
Zajišťuje: I. chirurgická klinika – břišní, hrudní a úrazové chirurgie 1. LF UK a VFN (11-00660)
II. chirurgická klinika – kardiovaskulární chirurgie 1. LF UK a VFN (11-00690)
Fakulta: 1. lékařská fakulta
Platnost: od 2023
Semestr: zimní
Body: 0
E-Kredity: 0
Způsob provedení zkoušky: zimní s.:
Rozsah, examinace: zimní s.:0/0, SZ [HT]
Počet míst: neomezen
Minimální obsazenost: neomezen
4EU+: ne
Virtuální mobilita / počet míst pro virtuální mobilitu: ne
Stav předmětu: vyučován
Jazyk výuky: angličtina
Způsob výuky: prezenční
Způsob výuky: prezenční
Vysvětlení: MUDr. Ulrych Jan, Ph.D.
Další informace: http://chir1.lf1.cuni.cz
Staré označení: 352
Garant: prof. MUDr. Zdeněk Krška, DrSc.
prof. MUDr. Robert Lischke, Ph.D.
prof. MUDr. Jaroslav Lindner, CSc.
Patří mezi: SE for GM 6.y.
Atributy: výjimka pro zápis VP
Lékařství
Pořadí Název předmětu
Tématický okruh 1 (TO1)
1 1. a) LOCAL ANAESTHESIA - Local Anesthesia Agents. b) NODULAR THYROID DISEASE. Diagnosis, surgical therapy. c) OBSTRUCTION OF THE SMALL INTESTINE, mechanical obstruction (simple obstruction, strangulation obstruction, intussusception, volvulus). d) MAJOR TRAUMA (POLYTRAUMA), MULTIPLE TRAUMA - definition, primary survey management ABCDE. e) TETRALOGY OF FALLOT
2 2. a) INFECTIONS OF THE HAND AND FINGERS. b) PLEURAL EMPYEMA – etiology, types, diagnosis, surgical therapy. c) ACUTE ABDOMINAL PAIN. d) FRACTURES AND THEIR CLASSIFICATION. e) MYOCARDIAL PROTECTION (during open-heart surgery). f) X-RAY g) SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS
3 a) ASEPSIS, ANTISEPSIS, STERILISATION, DESINFECTION. b) NEOPLASMS OF THE THYROID GLAND, THYROID LOBECTOMY, THYROIDECTOMY, indications, complications. c) ACUTE PANCREATITIS. d) SOFT TISSUE INJURIES, SURGICAL WOUND CLASSIFICATION, NECROTIZING FASCIITIS. e) VENTRICULAR SEPTAL DEFECTS.
4 a) ANTIBIOTICS IN SURGERY. b) SURGERY OF THE THYROID GLAND. c) DIFFUSE PURULENT PERITONITIS– symptoms, investigation, therapy. d) TRAUMA OF JOINTS. e) EXTRACRANIAL CEREBROVASCULAR DISEASE
5 a) ANAEROBIC INFECTIONS – diagnosis, treatment. b) PARATHYROID GLANDS – disease, surgical therapy. c) ILEUS – types, diagnosis, differential diagnosis. d) DIAPHRAGM TRAUMA – signs, diagnosis, surgical therapy. e) AORTIC VALVE SURGERY.
6 a) WOUND INFECTION – classification, prevention, therapy. b) PANCREAS NEOPLASMS – symptoms, investigation, localization, therapy. c) ACUTE APPENDICITIS. d) DISLOCATION OF SHOULDER JOINT. e) TRICUSPIDAL VALVE SURGERY.
7 a) FLUID AND ELECTROLYTE MANAGEMENT. b) CARCINOID TUMORS. c) COMPLICATIONS OF APPENDICITIS. d) FRACTURES OF THE SCAPULA AND CLAVICLE. e) VASCULAR INJURIES.
8 a) UNCONSCIOUSNESS – types, diagnosis, treatment. b) MULTIPLE ENDOCRINE NEOPLASIA SYNDROMES. c) CLASSIFICATION OF ACUTE ABDOMEN. d) FRACTURES OF HUMERUS. e) ATRIAL SEPTAL DEFECTS.
9 a) FIRST AID, STRUCTURE AND STEPS, RULES. b) MEDIASTINAL TUMORS. c) TYPICAL AND ATYPICAL APPENDICAL POSITIONS. d) TRAUMATIC PNEUMOTHORAX – first aid, diagnosis, treatment. e) PULMONARY EMBOLISM.
10 a) BEDSORES. b) BREST CANCER and CLINICAL BREST EXAMINATION. c) ACUTE APPENDICITIS IN PREGNANCY AND IN CHILDHOOD. d) FRACTURES OF THE DISTAL HUMERUS. e) TRANSPOSITION OF THE GREAT ARTERIES.
11 a) TYPES OF WOUND, TREATMENT. b) BREAST CANCER – MAMMOGRAPHY, ULTRASONOGRAPHY and MRI, SCREANING FOR BREAST CANCER – frequency of examination. c) ACUTE ABDOMEN – objective symptoms. d) FRACTURE OF THE OLECRANON. e) THROMBEMBOLIC DISEASE.
12 a) HEALING OF WOUNDS, timing and technical point of view. b) HIATAL HERNIA, ACHALASIA, GASTROOESOPHAGEAL REFLUX – surgical treatment of gastrooesophageal reflux disease. c) RUQ – right upper quadrant pain. d) FOREARM FRACTURES – classification, treatment options, Monteggi fracture, Galeazii fracture. e) MECHANICAL and BIOLOGICAL ARTIFICIAL VALVE PROSTHESES.
13 a) SURGICAL INFECTION – host defense barrier, resident microbial flora, exotoxins. b) OESOPHAGEAL NEOPLASM – symptoms, diagnosis, surgical therapy. c) SYNDROME OF THE EPIGASTRIUM. d) DISTAL RADIUS FRACTURES – Colles fracture, Smith fracture, classification, treatment options, complications. e) CONGENITAL MALFORMATION OF THE THORACIC AORTA.
14 a) SEPSIS – MOSF, SIRS. b) NEOPLASMS OF THE LUNG – symptoms, preoperative evaluation of operative risk, therapy. c) LEFT LOWER QUADRANT PAIN. d) FRACTURES OF THE DISTAL ULNA – diagnosis, therapy. e) MECHANICAL HEART SUPPORT.
15 a) TREATMENT OF SURGICAL INFLAMMATION. b) INGUINAL HERNIA. c) ACUTE GASTROINTESTINAL BLEEDING. d) FRACTURES OF CARPUS. e) PERICARDIAL DISEASE.
16 a) GENERAL RESPONSES TO INJURY AND ACUTE ILLNESS. b) ACUTE PANCREATITIS – symptoms, diagnosis, intensive medical and surgical therapy. c) BLUNT TRAUMA, HEMOPERITONEUM – diagnosis and therapy. d) TRACHEAL and TRACHEOBRONCHIAL INJURIES – symptoms, diagnosis, surgical therapy. e) SURGERY OF CEREBROVASCULAR INSUFFICIENCY; ASYMPTOMATIC STENOSIS OF THE CAROTID ARTERY.
17 a) NUTRICION IN SURGICAL PATIENTS. b) CHRONIC PANCREATITIS – symptoms, diagnosis, surgical therapy. c) STRANGULATED EXTERNAL HERNIAS. d) ANKLE SPRAIN – anatomy of ankle, classification, diagnosis, treatment, complications. e) SURGERY OF CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS
18 a) INVESTIGATION IN SURGERY. b) PANCREATIC NEOPLASMS – symptoms, diagnosis, surgical therapy. c) VASCULAR ILEUS. d) FRACTURES OF THE PELVIS. e) ARTERIOVENOUS FISTULAS.
19 a) PREOPERATIVE CARE, RISK ASSESSMENT. b) SPLEEN, INDICATIONS FOR SPLENECTOMY. c) ACUTE INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION. d) FRACTURES OF THE PROXIMAL FEMUR. e) ISCHEMIA OF VISCERAL ARTERIES – symptoms, diagnosis, therapy.
20 a) GENERAL ANAESTHESIA. b) LIVER CYSTS and ABSCESSES. c) ACUTE ABDOMEN – subjective symptoms. d) FRACTURES OF THE SHAFT OF THE FEMUR. e) AORTOILIAC ATHEROSCLEROTIC OCCLUSIVE DISEASE.
21 a) BASICS OF OPERATING TECHNIQUES – knots, sutures, abdominal and chest drain. b) PORTAL HYPERTENSION – symptoms, diagnosis, surgical therapy. c) DIFFUSE PURULENT PERITONITIS– symptoms, investigations, diagnosis, therapy. d) INJURIES OF KNEE LIGAMENTS. e) VASCULAR ACCESS FOR HEMODIALYSIS (arterial, a-v fistulas).
22 a) POSTOPERATIVE CARE. b) CHOLELITHIASIS – symptoms, diagnosis, therapy. c) MESENTERIC LYMPHADENITIS. d) FRACTURES OF THE PROXIMAL TIBIA. e) CARDIAC TAMPONADE.
23 a) TROMBEMBOLIC DISEASE. b) OPERATION ON GALL-BLADDER and BILE DUCTS. c) ACUTE ABDOMEN – differential diagnosis. d) FRACTURES OF THE SHAFT OF TIBIA. e) SURGERY OF ISCHEMIC HEART DISEASE.
24 a) RESPIRATORY COMPLICATION AFTER OPERATION. b) GASTRIC PEPTIC ULCER – symptoms, diagnosis, surgical therapy. c) ILEUS – classification. d) ANKLE SPRAIN – anatomy of ankle, classification, diagnosis, treatment, complications. e) HEART TUMORS.
25 a) TRACHEOSTOMY – indication, complication. b) GASTRIC NEOPLASMS. c) ACUTE CHOLECYSTITIS, HYDROPS and EMPYEMA – symptoms, investigations, surgical strategy, indication for laparoscopy and laparotomy operation. d) FRACTURES OF THE OS CALCIS. e) VASCULAR COMPLICATIONS OF DIABETES MELITUS – surgical therapy.
26 a) PULMONARY EMBOLISM – symptoms, diagnosis, therapy, prevention. b) STOMACH OPERATION (TYPE I, TYPE II). c) HAEMATEMESIS, MELENA – definition, investigation, therapy. d) ANKLE LIGAMENTS INJURY. e) HEART TRANSPLANTATION.
27 a) POSTOPERATIVE LOCAL COMPLICATIONS. b) DUODENAL DISEASE. c) ACUTE APPENDICITIS. d) FRACTURES OF METATARSALS. e) ARTERIAL ANEURYSM – symptoms and treatment.
28 a) BLOOD TRANSFUSION, ABO antigens, Rh antigens, pre-transfusion testing, acute transfusion reactions, symptoms, treatment. b) SMALL INTESTINE – inflammation, diseases, injuries. c) VOLVULUS – definition, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment. d) FRACTURE OF SPINE – first aid, classification, treatment. e) DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS PATENT.
29 a) SEPTIC SHOCK – definition, key points, intensive therapy. b) BREAST CANCER – epidemiology, classification, screening. c) ULCERATIVE COLITIS – symptoms, complications, urgent surgical therapy. d) LUNG CONTUSION – pathophysiology, classification, diagnosis, therapy. e) CHRONIC VENOUS INSUFFICIENCY – pathophysiology, symptoms, treatment.
30 a) SHOCK – definition, pathophysiology, types, intensive therapy. b) COLORECTAL OPERATIONS – hemicolectomy, colectomy, proctocolectomy, abdominoperineal amputation, colostomy. c) INVAGINATION. d) POLYTRAUMA – definition, rules, strategy and intensive surgical therapy. e) CLINICAL EXAMINATION OF VASCULAR SYSTEM.
31 a) LEFT LOWER QUADRANT PAIN. b) INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE. c) FLUID, ELECTROLYTE and ACID-BASE BALANCE. d) PNEUMOTHORAX – types, first aid, diagnosis, treatment. e) ABDOMINAL AORTIC ANEURYSMS – symptoms, treatment.
32 a) WARFARE INJURIES. b) COLORECTAL NEOPLASMS. c) PREOPERATIVE CARE OF HIGH RISK PATIENTS. d) HEMOTHORAX – definition, symptoms, diagnosis, therapy (drainage, thoracotomy, thoracoscopy). e) THORACIC OUTLET SYNDROM.
33 a) BURNS – definition, 9 Wallace rule, complication (general and local). b) HEMORRHOIDS – types, localization, surgical therapy. c) PORTAL HYPERTENSION and VARICEAL BLLEDING – early evaluation and treatment. d) FRACTURE OF THE RIBS, MULTIPLE FRACTURES, FLAIL CHEST –therapy. e) EXTRACORPORAL CIRCULATION (heart and lung machine).
34 a) CRUSH SYNDROME – pathophysiology, investigation, intensive therapy. b) HEMOPERITONEUM. c) MEDIASTINAL TUMORS – anatomy of mediastinum, localization and types of tumors, diagnosis and surgical therapy. d) CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA. e) ACUTE ARTERIAL OCCLUSIONS (embolism, thrombosis).
35 a) PRINCIPLES OF SURGICAL ONCOLOGY – contemporary imaging, serum biochemical markers, appropriate biopsy techniques, staging-TNM classification. b) MALIGNANT PLEURAL EFFUSIONS – symptoms, diagnosis, surgical therapy. c) ILEUS – symptoms, types, diagnosis, therapy. d) COMPLICATION OF FRACTURE HEALING. e) EXAMINATION OF PATIENTS WITH VASCULAR DISEASE.
36 a) ENTERORRHAGIA, MELENA – definition, investigation, initial therapy. b) CHRONIC PANCREATITIS – etiology, symptoms, non-surgical and surgical therapy. c) EMPHYSEMA BULLOSUM – etiology, types, complications and surgical therapy. d) FLAIL CHEST – pathophysiology, surgical therapy (stabilization). e) DISSECTION OF THE THORACIC AORTA.
37 a) NASOGASTRIC TUBE, GASTROSTOMY, JEJUNOSTOMY – definition and indications. b) CHEST INJURIES – thoracic wall, lung, thoracotomy, thoracoscopy. c) PNEUMOPERITONEUM – etiology, diagnosis, therapy. d) INDICATION FOR SPLENECTOMY (traumatic and non-traumatic). e) SURGERY OF THE MITRAL VALVE.
38 a) BACTEREMIA AND SEPTICEMIA – definition, microbial diagnosis of infection. b) INGUINAL HERNIA – surgical anatomy, direct, indirect, complications, surgical therapy (classic, laparoscopic). c) ULCERATIVE COLITIS, TOXIC MEGACOLON – surgical therapy. d) MASSIVE HEMOTHORAX – definition, flail chest, diagnosis, treatment. e) EXSUDATIVE PERICARDITIS – etiology, symptoms, investigation, therapy.
39 a) HEMOPTYSIS – definition, investigation, therapy. b) VENTRAL ABDOMINAL HERNIAS. c) ACUTE MEDIASTINITIS – etiology, diagnosis, surgical therapy. d) GUNSHOT INJURIES – pathophysiology, surgical strategy. e) BASIC PRINCIPLES OF VASCULAR SURGERY, TYPES OF PROSTHESES.
Soubory Komentář Kdo přidal
stáhnout NEW Questions for State Rigorous Exam in Surgery 2023-2024.docx doc. MUDr. Jan Ulrych, Ph.D.
stáhnout OLD Questions for State Rigorous Exam in Surgery 2022-2023.docx doc. MUDr. Jan Ulrych, Ph.D.
Anotace - angličtina
Poslední úprava: doc. MUDr. Jan Ulrych, Ph.D. (30.09.2018)
State Examination of Surgery comprises theoretical and practical parts. Students have to demonstrate knowledge of general surgery, gastrointestinal surgery, traumatology, thoracic surgery, cardiovascular surgery and X-ray diagnostics. Students have to be familiar with anamnesis, physical examination of patient or realize wound dressing, apply plaster cast, identify surgical instruments.
Literatura - angličtina
Poslední úprava: doc. MUDr. Jan Ulrych, Ph.D. (30.09.2023)

Recommended:

Vstupní požadavky - angličtina
Poslední úprava: doc. MUDr. Jan Ulrych, Ph.D. (30.09.2023)

Requirements on students: student´s book, working shoes and a white medical coat. 

Požadavky ke zkoušce - angličtina
Poslední úprava: doc. MUDr. Jan Ulrych, Ph.D. (30.09.2023)

Examination requirements - credit for Surgery before State Exam

This academic year (2023/2024) there are new State Exam Questions in Surgery. Students enrolled to Surgery before State Exam in academic year 2023/2024 will take State Exam based on new State Exam Questions.

There are six topics in State Examination in Surgery - A) General surgery, B) Special surgery, C) Traumatology, D) Cardiac surgery and vascular surgery, E) Radiology, F) Clinical skills - instruments.

Each student will make choice one question in each these separate topics. 

Warning!!!!

Students attended Surgery before State Exam in last academic year 2022/2023 will take the State Exam based on old State Exam Questions.

 

NEW STATE EXAMINATION QUESTIONS IN SURGERY for academic year 2023/2024 is available in separate file in SIS. 

OLD STATE EXAMINATION QUESTIONS IN SURGERY for academic year 2022/2023 is available in separate file in SIS. 

 

 

 

NEW EXAMINATION QUESTIONS for STATE EXAMINATION in SURGERY for this academic year 2023/2024

GENERAL SURGERY:

1.       Local anaesthesia, regional anaesthesia (peripheral nerve blocks, epidural and spinal anaesthesia)

2.       Purulent infection of hand and fingers

3.       Sterilization, asepsis, disinfection, antisepsis

4.       Antibiotics in surgery

5.       Intravenous fluid therapy, fluid and electrolyte balance and disorders, types of intravenous fluids  

6.       SSI – Surgical site infections: classification, prevention, diagnosis, treatment

7.       Purulent (non-necrotizing) infection of skin and soft tissues, diagnosis, treatment

8.       Necrotizing and anaerobic infections of skin and soft tissues, diagnosis, treatment

9.       Osteomyelitis

10.    Mass-casualty incidents, principles of triage and stages of management, the START system

11.    Pressure ulcers – classification, treatment

12.    Types of wounds – classification, characteristic, algorithm of treatment

13.    Wound healing

14.    Blood transfusion, indications, general principles, blood type systems, transfusion safety measures, administration of transfusions, complications

15.    Sepsis, Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS), MODS

16.    Principles of cancer management

17.    Nutritional management and acid-base balance in the surgical patient   

18.    Physical examination in surgery

19.    Principles of transplantation surgery

20.    General anaesthesia – intravenous and inhalational anaesthetics

21.    Preoperative assessment – patient fitness for surgery, risks of a surgical intervention, classification

22.    Legal aspects of surgical interventions

23.    Cricothyrotomy, tracheostomy (indication for intervention)

24.    Principles of postoperative care (recovery room, ICU)

25.    Thromboembolic disease – prevention of venous thromboembolism in surgery

26.    Cardiovascular and respiratory postoperative complications

27.    Gastrointestinal and urinary postoperative complications

28.    Thoracentesis and chest tube drainage 

29.    Principles of plastic surgery

30.    Pathophysiology of shock, classification

31.    Shock - prevention and treatment

32.    Bleeding, classification, first aid, treatment

33.    Cardiopulmonary resuscitation

34.    Preoperative management – preoperative lifestyle modification, fasting and medical problems

35.    Present-day war injuries, injuries in terrorist attacks, characteristics and treatment

36.    Burns and frostbites

37.    Diagnostic methods in surgery - laboratory tests, imaging methods

38.    Nosocomial infection (healthcare-associated infections) – definition and classification

39.    Types of sutures in surgery, suture materials, staplers

40.    Operating theatre, operating room equipment, operating room staff, personal protective equipment   

 

 

SPECIAL SURGERY:

1.       Definition and classification of acute abdomen  

2.       Clinical manifestation of acute abdomen

3.       Abdominal pain in the right lower quadrant, differential diagnosis

4.       Abdominal pain in the epigastrium and right upper quadrant, differential diagnosis  

5.       Abdominal pain in the left lower quadrant, differential diagnosis

6.       Obstructive jaundice  

7.       Hematemesis, melena, haematochezia

8.       Pneumoperitoneum – aetiology, diagnosis, therapy

9.       Non-traumatic hemoperitoneum – local and systemic causes

10.    Classification of intraabdominal infections

11.    Acute peritonitis, classification and principles of diagnosis and treatment

12.    Acute appendicitis

13.    Acute appendicitis in children

14.    Acute appendicitis:  uncomplicated vs complicated course

15.    Atypical manifestation of acute appendicitis – aetiology and clinical manifestation

16.    Acute cholecystitis, acute cholangitis

17.    Acute pancreatitis

18.    Acute diverticulitis, complications

19.    Subdiaphragmatic abscesses

20.    Classification and pathophysiology of bowel obstruction and bowel strangulation

21.    Mechanical bowel obstruction

22.    Incarcerated abdominal hernias

23.    Bowel volvulus and bowel intussusception

24.    Intestinal ischemia

25.    Paralytic ileus

26.    Upper GIT bleeding

27.    Lower GIT bleeding

28.    Classification of traumatic acute abdomen (penetrating and blunt trauma)  

29.    Trauma of liver and spleen

30.    Cholelithiasis – symptomatology and complications

31.    Inguinal and femoral hernias

32.    Uncommon hernias – pelvic hernias, lateral abdominal wall hernias

33.    Ventral hernias (umbilical, supra-umbilical, incisional, parastomal)

34.    Chronic pancreatitis

35.    Surgery for peptic ulcer disease complications

36.    Ulcerative colitis, Crohn´s disease

37.    Anal abscess and fistula 

38.    Anal fissures and haemorrhoids

39.    Pilonidal cyst – aetiology, clinical manifestation, and treatment

40.    Hiatal hernia and GERD, oesophageal achalasia

41.    Mediastinum – injuries, inflammation, tumors

42.    Pneumothorax, hemothorax, pleural effusion (pleural empyema, malignant pleural effusion)

43.    Lung trauma, complications of pneumonia, emphysema of the thorax

44.    Cysts and abscesses of the liver, benign liver tumors

45.    Goitre, classification. Thyrotoxicosis.

46.    Thyroid gland tumors

47.    Tumors of the oesophagus

48.    Tumors of the stomach

49.    Malignant liver tumors

50.    Tumors and inflammation of the small intestine

51.    Tumors of the large intestine and rectum – screening, clinical manifestations, diagnosis

52.    Tumors of the bile duct and ampulla of Vater

53.    Tumors of the pancreas – clinical manifestation, treatment

54.    Neuroendocrine tumors of the GI tract

55.    Malignant melanoma

56.    Sarcomas of soft tissues (in extremities and retroperitoneum)

57.    Tumors of the lung

58.    Tumors of the mammary gland – classification, screening, diagnosis, treatment

59.    Inflammations of the mammary gland – classification, differential diagnosis, treatment

60.    Hernias, phimosis and cryptorchidism in childhood

61.    Pyloric stenosis and intussusception in children

62.    Necrotizing enterocolitis in children

63.    Most common congenital development defects of the GI tract in children

64.    Most common congenital development defects of the thorax in children (excluding heart defects)

65.    Appendectomy (laparoscopic and open)

66.    Cholecystectomy (laparoscopic and open)

67.    Colon and rectal surgery

68.    Stomas in the digestive tract

69.    Mini-invasive interventions in surgery (laparoscopy – diagnostic, therapeutic, types of operations; endoscopy; mini-invasive interventions in thoracic surgery – types)

70.    Bariatric and metabolic surgery

71.    Splenectomy, indications for splenectomy

72.    Surgery on the thyroid gland and parathyroid bodies, types of operations, risks, complications

 

 

TRAUMATOLOGY:

1.       Injury – definition, aetiology

2.       Polytrauma, classification, timing of therapeutic procedures – ATLS

3.       Crush syndrome, blast syndrome

4.       Craniocerebral trauma 

5.       Classification of fractures  

6.       Conservative (nonoperative) treatment of fractures

7.       Surgical (operative) treatment of fractures

8.       Open fractures – classification and principles of treatment 

9.       Types of immobilizations – bandage, plaster cast, splints

10.    Compartment syndrome (extremity, abdominal)

11.    Fracture complications

12.    Paediatric fracture - characteristics and principles of treatment

13.    Soft tissue injury (skin, subcutaneous tissue, muscle, tendon, ligament)

14.    Joint injury

15.    Shoulder dislocation

16.    Clavicle fracture, scapula fracture, acromioclavicular joint injury

17.    Proximal humerus fracture

18.    Humeral shaft fracture

19.    Distal humerus fracture in children and adults

20.    Around elbow fractures, elbow dislocation

21.    Forearm fractures

22.    Distal radius fracture

23.    Fracture and dislocation of carpal and metacarpal bones. Finger fracture.

24.    Pelvic fracture - classification and treatment

25.    Hip fractures - classification and treatment

26.    Femoral shaft fracture

27.    Distal femoral fractures

28.    Knee ligaments injury, meniscus tears, osteochondritis dissecans

29.    Tibial plateau fracture, patella fractures, patellar dislocation

30.    Tibia and fibula shaft fractures

31.    Achilles tendon rupture

32.    Ankle fractures

33.    Ankle sprains

34.    Calcaneal fracture

35.    Metatarsal and phalangeal fractures

36.    Vertebral fractures - classification, diagnosis, treatment

37.    Cervical vertebrae fractures

38.    Ribs and sternum fractures

39.    Tendon and ligament injury of the hand

 

 

CARDIAC SURGERY and VASCULAR SURGERY:

1.       Tetralogy of Fallot

2.       Protection of the myocardium during a heart surgery

3.       Inborn defects of the interventricular septum

4.       Critical ischemia of the extremities

5.       Acquired defects of the aortic valve and their surgical treatment

6.       Defects of the tricuspid valve (inborn, acquired) and their surgical treatment

7.       Vascular injuries

8.       Defect of the atrial septum, anomalous pulmonary venous return

9.       Venous insufficiency - primary and secondary, secondary varices, complications, treatment. Varicose ulcers of lower legs, surgery of perforators

10.    Transposition of major veins

11.    Thromboembolic disease

12.    Mechanical and biological valve replacements

13.    Anomalies of the thoracic aorta

14.    Surgical treatment of arrhythmias

15.    Diseases of the pericardium, surgical treatment

16.    Myocardial ischemic disease and the scope of surgical solution (symptomatic and asymptomatic stenosis of carotids)

17.    Extra-anatomic reconstructions in vascular surgery

18.    Operations on the heart and large blood vessels under hypothermia

19.    Ischemia of visceral arteries. Clinical aspects and treatment (tr. coeliacus, a. mesenterica sup., a.renalis, aa.il.int.)

20.    Stenoses and closures of the aorta and pelvic arteries, Leriche syndrome

21.    Ischemic disease of lower extremities, indications for endovascular and surgical treatment

22.    Venous accesses for haemodialysis (A-V fistulas)

23.    Blunt and penetrating injuries to the heart and large blood vessels

24.    Cardiac tamponade

25.    Ischemic heart disease and its surgical treatment

26.    Mechanical complications of myocardial infarction (rupture of the papillary muscle, defect of the ventricular septum, rupture of the loose wall of the left ventricle, aneurism of the left ventricle)

27.    Vascular complications of diabetes mellitus and surgical treatment (diabetic micro- and macroangiopathy), diabetic foot  

28.    Heart transplant

29.    Arterial aneurysms, clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment

30.    Infectious endocarditis

31.    Complications in vascular surgery (early thrombosis of the graft vessel, infection, nerve injury)

32.    Clinical examination in patients with vascular conditions

33.    Aneurysm of the abdominal aorta (signs and symptoms, diagnosis, therapy)

34.    Thoraco-abdominal aneurysm of the aorta

35.    Defects of the mitral valve and their surgical treatment

36.    Thoracic outlet syndrome

37.    Principle of extracorporeal circulation

38.    Inborn defects of the pulmonary artery (isolated as well as combined)

39.    Dissection of the thoracic aorta

40.    Mechanical support of heart activity, ECMO

41.    Acute arterial occlusions

42.    Conservative treatment in vascular surgery (anti-aggregative, anticoagulative, vasodilative treatment)

43.    Aortic coarctation, Botallo duct – treatment

44.    Angioinvasive treatment of arterial occlusions and stenoses (PTA, stents, fibrinolytic therapy)

45.    Basic ways of reconstruction in arterial surgery, types of replacement used

 

RADIOLOGY:

Basic imaging methods used in Surgery. Description and identification of pathology.  

 

CLINICAL SKILLS:

Identification of surgical instruments.

 

 

 

 

 
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