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Předmět, akademický rok 2017/2018
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Aphasia: an introduction from a linguistic perspective - ALINV409M
Anglický název: Aphasia: an introduction from a linguistic perspective
Zajišťuje: Ústav obecné lingvistiky (21-ULING)
Fakulta: Filozofická fakulta
Platnost: od 2016
Semestr: zimní
Body: 0
E-Kredity: 3
Způsob provedení zkoušky: zimní s.:
Rozsah, examinace: zimní s.:1/1 Z [hodiny/týden]
Počet míst: 16 / neurčen (neurčen)
Minimální obsazenost: neomezen
Stav předmětu: vyučován
Jazyk výuky: angličtina
Způsob výuky: prezenční
Poznámka: předmět je možno zapsat mimo plán
povolen pro zápis po webu
Garant: Mgr. Michal Láznička
Vyučující: Mgr. Michal Láznička
Třída: Exchange - 09.3 Linguistics
Rozvrh   Nástěnka   
Anotace - angličtina
Poslední úprava: Mgr. Michal Láznička (31.01.2018)

This course is intended as a general introduction to the study of language in aphasia, a cluster of acquired neurogenic language impairments. Beginning with the definition and classification of aphasia, the course will address the manifestations of aphasia at different levels of linguistic structure (phonology and lexicon, morphology and syntax, discourse). We will work with corpus data and reported results. Two general topics will be in focus. First, we will discuss different models of language in aphasia, comparing generative approaches and usage-based approaches. Second, we will focus on research ethics and the specifics of designing and conducting a study with people with aphasia.
Cíl předmětu - angličtina
Poslední úprava: Mgr. Michal Láznička (26.09.2016)

Students will acquire essential background knowledge necessary for the study of language in aphasia. They will become familiar with different types of aphasia and their manifestations. Students will learn to identify and classify aphasic errors. The course will provide basic information about different linguistic levels in aphasic language and the treatment of aphasic symptoms in generative and cognitive functional frameworks. Students will also learn about the specifics of the research process and working with individuals with aphasia. 

Podmínky zakončení předmětu - angličtina
Poslední úprava: Mgr. Michal Láznička (26.09.2016)



- active participation in discussions of reading assignments 

- a short (max 5 p.) research proposal 

Literatura - angličtina
Poslední úprava: Mgr. Michal Láznička (26.09.2016)

Ahlsén, Elisabeth. 2006. Introduction to Neurolinguistics. Johns Benjamins.

Ambridge B, Pine JM & Lieven E. 2014. Child language acquisition: Why universal grammar doesn't help. Language, 90(3): e53-e90.

Bastiaanse R, Bouma G & Post W. 2009. Linguistic complexity and frequency in agrammatic speech production. Brain and Language, 109 (1): 18-28.

Bates E, Wulfeck B & MacWhinney B. 1991. Cross-linguistic studies in aphasia: An overview. Brain and Language, 41: 123-148.

Bates E & Goodman JC. 1997. On the inseparability of grammar and the lexicon: Evidence from acquisition, aphasia and real-time processing. Language and Cognitive Processes, 12 (5-6): 507-584.

Blackwell A & Bates E. 1995. Inducing Agrammatic Proles in Normals: Evidence for the Selective Vulnerability of Morphology under Cognitive Resource Limitation. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 7(2): 228-257.

Boye K & Harder P. 2012. A usage-based theory of grammatical status and grammaticalization. Language, 88 (1): 1-44.

Chapey R (ed.). 2008. Language intervention strategies in aphasia and related neurogenic communication disorders. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.

Cruice M, Pritchard M & Dipper L. 2014. Verb use in aphasic and non-aphasic personal discourse: What is normal? Journal of Neurolinguistics, 28(1): 31-47.

Dick F, Bates E, Wulfeck B, Utman J, Dronkers N & Gernsbacher MA. 2001. Language Deficits, Localization, and Grammar: Evidence for a Distributive Model of Language Breakdown in Aphasic Patients and Neurologically Intact Individuals. Psychological review, 108(4): 759-788.

Gahl S. 2002. Lexical biases in aphasic sentence comprehension: An experimental and corpus linguistic study. Aphasiology, 16 (12): 1173-1198.

Gahl S & Menn L. 2016. Usage-based approaches to aphasia. Aphasiology. doi: 10.1080/02687038.2016.1140120

Gibson E, Sandberg C, Fedorenko E, Bergen L & Kiran S. 2015. A rational inference approach to aphasic language comprehension. Aphasiology: 1-20. doi:10.1080/02687038.2015.1111994

Grodzinsky Y & Katrin Amunts (eds.). 2006. Broca’s Region. Oxford: OUP.

Hickok G & Poeppel D. 2004. Dorsal and ventral streams: A framework for understanding aspects of the functional anatomy of language. Cognition, 92 (1-2): 67-99.

Lehečková H. 2001. Manifestation of aphasic symptoms in Czech. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 14: 179-208.

MacWhinney B, Fromm D, Forbes M & Holland A. 2011. AphasiaBank: Methods for Studying Discourse. Aphasiology, 25: 1286-1307.

Patil U, Hanne S, Burchert F, De Bleser R & Vasishth S. 2016. A computational evaluation of sentence processing deficits in aphasia. Cognitive Science, 40(1): 5-50.

Price CJ. 2010. The anatomy of language: A review of 100 fMRI studies published in 2009. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1191: 62-88.

Price CJ. 2012. A review and synthesis of the first 20 years of PET and fMRI studies of heard speech, spoken language and reading. NeuroImage, 62(2): 816-847.

Thompson CK & Shapiro LP. 2005. Treating agrammatic aphasia within a linguistic framework: Treatment of Underlying Forms. Aphasiology, 19(10-11): 1021-1036.

Sylabus - angličtina
Poslední úprava: Mgr. Michal Láznička (31.01.2018)

Following topics will be covered

  1. introduction: special data in linguistic theory; aphasia between linguistics, aphasiology, and neuroscience
  2. language in the mind - language in the brain; neuroanatomy of language
  3. aphasia: etiology, manifestations, and classification
  4. research of language in aphasia: rationale for studying impaired language; research ethics and informed consent
  5. aphasia in a cross-linguistic perspective; czech, english, and beyond
  6. sublexical and lexical processing in aphaisa
  7. aphasia and grammar: the agrammatism debate
  8. discourse in aphasia
  9. aphasia and linguistic theory

Vstupní požadavky - angličtina
Poslední úprava: Mgr. Michal Láznička (26.09.2016)

The course is intended primarily for graduate students of linguistics and related fields. The course does not require any preceding knowledge of aphasia in particular, or linguistic pathologies in general. However, a general linguistic background and a basic knowledge of the generative and cognitive functional branches of linguistics is expected. Advanced undergraduate students may enroll, but should contact me first. 

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