PředmětyPředměty(verze: 945)
Předmět, akademický rok 2023/2024
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PVP Beyond the Empire: A social and cultural history of Czechoslovak Officer Corps (1918-1939) in transnational perspective - AHSN00280
Anglický název: PVP Beyond the Empire: A social and cultural history of Czechoslovak Officer Corps (1918-1939) in transnational perspective
Zajišťuje: Ústav českých dějin (21-UCD)
Fakulta: Filozofická fakulta
Platnost: od 2023
Semestr: zimní
Body: 0
E-Kredity: 2
Způsob provedení zkoušky: zimní s.:
Rozsah, examinace: zimní s.:2/0, Z [HT]
Počet míst: neurčen / neurčen (neurčen)
Minimální obsazenost: neomezen
4EU+: ne
Virtuální mobilita / počet míst pro virtuální mobilitu: ne
Stav předmětu: vyučován
Jazyk výuky: angličtina
Způsob výuky: prezenční
Způsob výuky: prezenční
Je zajišťováno předmětem: AHSV01140
Poznámka: předmět je možno zapsat mimo plán
povolen pro zápis po webu
Garant: Mgr. Michal Cáp
Poslední úprava: Mgr. Michal Cáp (04.09.2023)
This course introduces students to the history of interwar Czechoslovak officer corps, from the perspective of the transnational social and cultural history. Paraphrasing the title of István Deák´a seminal Beyond Nationalism: A Social and Political History of the Habsburg Officer Corps, 1848-1918, aim of the course is to show the various faces of study of the officer corps and its interconnectedness with research in different national contexts. It will also expand the student's knowledge of the social history of the Late Habsburg Empire and First and Second Czechoslovak Republics. It is primarily aimed at Erasmus (especially History) students, and students of History willing to expand their academic English skills, but all interested are welcomed.

Course is designed as a sequence of lectures and seminars, based on weekly reading of texts in English.

Podmínky zakončení předmětu
Poslední úprava: Mgr. Michal Cáp (04.10.2023)

Active participation in lecture and seminar (maximum 3 absences), weekly reading of texts.

The examination will consist of written paper (1250-2000 words) in English, and discussion about it during an examination date. Paper should be written in academic style (with citations etc.) and should present an argument, using the recommended and other scholarly literature, about the topic concerning the course. Please, consult the topic before hand. Paper should be sent at least 2 days before the examination date. 

Students without the examination (only with "zápoćet") will write 750-1000 words long English review of book from recommended literature instead.

Poslední úprava: Mgr. Michal Cáp (21.09.2023)

Recommended Literature:

BENADUSI, Lorenzo. Respectability and violence: military values, masculine honor, and Italy's road to mass death. Madison, Wisconsin: The University of Wisconsin Press, 2021.

BOURDIE, Pierre. Distinction: A social critique of the judgement of taste, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.1984.

COLE, Lawrence. World War One Veterans in Austria and Czechoslovakia. Wien: V&R unipress, 2020.

CORNWALL, Mark and R.J.W. EVANS. Czechoslovakia in a Nationalist and Fascist Europe 1918-1948, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008. 

CORNWALL, Mark and John Paul NEWMAN. Sacrifice and Rebirth: Legacy of Last Habsburg War, Oxford: Berghahn, 2018.

DEÁK, István: Beyond Nationalism. A social and political history of Habsburg Officer Corps 1848-1918, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990.

DEMETER, Karl. The German Officer-Corps in society and state, 1650-1945. London: Weidenfeld & Nicholson London 1965.

FEINBERG, Mellisa. Elusive Equality: Gender, Citizenship, and the Limits of Democracy in Czechoslovokia, 1918-1950. Pittsburg: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2006.

FELD, Maury D. The Structure of Violence: Armed Forces As Social Systems. SAGE Publications, Inc; 1977.

FREVERT, Ute. Die kasernierte Nation: Militärdienst und Zivilgesellschaft in Deutschland. München: C.H. Beck, 2001.

FREVERT, Ute. Men of honour: A Cultural and Social History of Duel. Oxford: OUP, 1995.

HUTEČKA, Jiří. Men Under Fire: Motivation, Morale, and Masculinity among Czech Soldiers in the Great War, 1914–1918. Oxford: Berghahn 2020

HUNTINGTON, Samuel P. The Soldier and the state: the theory and politics of civil-military relations. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1957.

JANOWITZ, Morris. The professional soldier: a social and political portrait. Illinois: Free Press of Glencoe, c1960

LEE, Wayne E. Warfare and Culture in World History, Second Edition. New York: New York University Press 2020.

KRAPFL, James. Sites of memory, sites of rejoicing. The Great War in Czech and Slovak Cultural History. Remembrance and Solidarity 2 (March 2014): 109-46.

KONRÁD, Ota, KUČERA, Rudolf, Paths out of the Apocalypse. Physical Violence in the Fall and Renewal of Central Europe, 1914–1922. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2022.

KUČERA, Rudolf. Exploiting Victory, Sinking into Defeat: Uniformed Violence in the Creation of the New Order in Czechoslovakia and Austria, 1918–1922. The Journal of Modern History [online]. 2016

MANSOOR, Peter R. a Williamson MURRAY. The Culture of Military Organizations. Cambridge, Mass: Cambridge University Press, 2020.

MILLER, Paul and Claire MORELON. Embers of Empire: Continuity and Rupture in the Habsburg Successor States after 1918. Oxford: Berghahn, 2018.

ORZOFF, Andrea. Battle for the Castle: The Myth of Czechoslovakia in Europe, 1914-1948. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.

REESE, Roger R. Red commanders: a social history of the Soviet Army officer corps, 1918-1991. Lawrence, Kan.: University Press of Kansas, c2005.

RICH, David Alan. The Tsar's colonels: professionalism, strategy, and subversion in late Imperial Russia. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1998.

SETZKORN, Eric. The Rise and Fall of an Officer Corps: The Republic of China Military, 1942–1955. Norman. University of Oklahoma Press, 2018.

SWEENEY, Loughlin. Irish Military Elites, Nation and Empire, 1870–1925: Identity and Authority. London: Palgrave Macmillan. 2019.

STEGMANN, Natali. Kriegsdeutungen - Staatsgrundungen - Sozialpolitik: Der Helden- Und Opferdiskurs in Der Tschechoslowakei 1918-1948. Oldenbourg: De Gruyter Oldenbourg, 2010.

WINGFIELD, Nancy M. Flag Wars and Stone Saints: How the Bohemian Lands Became Czech. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press 2007

WINGFIELD, Nancy M. “The Battle of Zborov and the Politics of Commemoration in Czechoslovakia.” East European Politics and Societies 17 (November 2003): 654–81.

ZIMMER, Oliver. Nationalism in Europe, 1890-1940. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003.

ZÜCKERT, Martin. Zwischen Nationsidee und staatlicher Realität. Die tschechoslowakische Armee und ihre Nationalitätenpolitik 1918-1938. München: R. Oldenbourg, 2006.

Further texts will be added.

Poslední úprava: Mgr. Michal Cáp (10.10.2023)

1. Introductory lesson (3.10.2023)

Basic information about the course, attestation requirements and the literature

2. Social, Cultural, or Military History? (10.10.2023)

Historiographic and methodological introduction into the research of officer corps, introduction to the key theoretical texts.

3. Academic Molotov Day  (17.10.2023)

Lecture will not take place 

4. From noble into professional, into citizen-soldier and back again (24.10.2023)

Historical overview of the officer profession from late 18th century to present day, with emphasis on the interwar era and the contemporary reflection of officer´s role evolution.

5. Officer and the Nation - problematic of personal identities and multinational societies (31.10.2323)

National context of late Austro-Hungarian Empire and interwar Czechoslovak Republic and its relationship with military matters. Cases of “anational” Habsburg officers, political Czechoslovakism and national questions concerning the officer corps.

6. Excursion! (7.11.2023)

A trip to Army Museum Žižkov

7. Officer and the State - being apolitical?  (14.11.2023)

Civil-military relations, political ideologies, subordination to political power and “bonapartism” in the relationship of officer corps and state authorities. Case studies of early Czechoslovak republic, Gajda´s affair and Munich crisis.

8. To become an Officer  (21.11.2023)

Social origins of professional and reserve officers, their motivations in choosing the profession. Role of both general and professional education in forming of both professional and reserve officers. . Tension between political change and social continuity on the case of interwar Czechoslovak army.

9. From later day knights into the guardians of the democratic republic (28.11.2023)

Honour as constitutive part of officer´s identity and its transformation into the representation of new professional identity? Case of military courts of honour and disciplinary committees as modernization of officer corps and break with Habsburg past.

10.  Teachers of the Nation (5.12.2023)

Officers role in education of soldiers during compulsory military service, both ideal and problematic. Questions of military preparedness and defence propaganda, and officer´s place in public discourses about war.

11. “Match of the beautiful dragoon” (12.12.2023.

Gender optics of officer´s profession, from the contested ideal of hegemonic masculinity to the problematics and disciplination of sexuality in Czechoslovak military.

12. Military writing, journalism, science and associations Officer-intellectuals(?), professional writing, self-presentation and associative culture. (19.12.2023)

Cases of Association of Czechoslovak Officers, Military Institute of Science and Emanuel Moravec

13. Gilded Poverty (2.1.2024)

Frustration and officer career in tension between social prestige, high institutional expectations, and low wages.

14. Institutional Culture of (not only) Czechoslovak officer corps …or would we have defended ourselves? (9.1.2024)

Final lesson and course summary.

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