PředmětyPředměty(verze: 901)
Předmět, akademický rok 2021/2022
The philosophical background of Descartes’ Meditations - AFSV00362
Anglický název: The philosophical background of Descartes’ Meditations
Zajišťuje: Ústav filosofie a religionistiky (21-UFAR)
Fakulta: Filozofická fakulta
Platnost: od 2021
Semestr: letní
Body: 0
E-Kredity: 5
Způsob provedení zkoušky: letní s.:
Rozsah, examinace: letní s.:0/2 Zk [hodiny/týden]
Počet míst: neurčen / neurčen (20)
Minimální obsazenost: neomezen
Virtuální mobilita / počet míst: ne
Stav předmětu: nevyučován
Jazyk výuky: angličtina
Způsob výuky: prezenční
Další informace: https://dl1.cuni.cz/course/view.php?id=11429¬ifyeditingon=1
Poznámka: předmět je možno zapsat mimo plán
povolen pro zápis po webu
Garant: Anna Tropia, Ph.D.
Třída: A – Mezioborová nabídka VP: Filosofie, náboženství
Exchange - 08.1 Philosophy
Rozvrh   Nástěnka   
Poslední úprava: Anna Tropia, Ph.D. (29.01.2021)
Charles University
Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies
BA Course
Email: anna.tropia@ff.cuni.cz

This course targets some of the false philosophical beliefs identified by Descartes in his Meditations on first philosophy (1641): like that all knowledge derives from the senses, or that the soul is a corporeal thing; but also, that a certain resemblance between the external objects and the mind is necessary in order for cognition to take place. By following the iter of the Meditator (the subject of Descartes’ work), we will focus on the strategy of the philosopher to modify previous philosophical beliefs by fighting them on their very same ground.

NB. Permanent link to our courses on Moodle! Please register to access it

Cíl předmětu
Poslední úprava: Anna Tropia, Ph.D. (28.01.2021)

Main aim of the course will be that of acquiring a better understanding of a classical philosophical text by focusing on Descartes’ adversaries (Thomas Aquinas and Aristotle, above all) as well as on the philosophical method of the meditation as a slow persuasive technique. 

Poslední úprava: Anna Tropia, Ph.D. (28.01.2021)



René Descartes, Meditations, Objections and Replies. Ed. and tr. by R. Ariew and D. Cress, Hackett Publishing Company 2006


The critical text of the Meditations (in Latin and French) is to be found in R. Descartes, Oeuvres, eds. by Ch. Adam and P. Tannery, Vrin 1996 (vols. 3 and 9)


Thomas Aquinas, parts of Sum of Theology and Summa contra Gentiles (in En. Tr.)


John Duns Scotus, parts of Ordinatio, I and II (in Engl. Tr.)


Henry of Ghent, “Can a human being know anything?”, From Summa quaestionum ordinarium, a. 1 q. 1 (En. Tr. by R. Pasnau, in The Cambridge Translation of Medieval Philosophical Texts. Vol. 3. Mind and Knowledge. Cambridge University Press 2004)


Aristotle, On the Soul, in J. Barnes (ed), The Complete Works of Aristotle (The Revised Oxford Translation), Princeton University Press 1994


Secondary Literature (some examples, more on our Moodle Page)

E. Scribano, Guida alle Meditazioni metafisiche di Descartes, Laterza 1997

J-L Marion, Sur la théologie blanche de Descartes, PUF 1981

R. Ariew, Descartes among the Scholastics, Brill 2011

The Blackwell Guide to Cartesian Meditations, ed. by St. Gaukroger, Blackwell Publishing 2016

Požadavky ke zkoušce
Poslední úprava: Anna Tropia, Ph.D. (28.01.2021)

Owing to the current situation, classes will be taught online in the form of video-conferences on the platform Zoom. Before the first class, the students registered on this SIS-page will receive an email with instructions. Zoom is very simple to use, but in case you had any problem, please contact me in due time: anna.tropia@ff.cuni.cz

The requirements in order to complete this course are:


(1) In Class Active Participation, which includes: reading the assignments and regular attendance


(2) A Final Oral exam (in presence or online), to be discussed in due time during the term. 

Poslední úprava: Anna Tropia, Ph.D. (28.01.2021)

1)    18.2: Introduction to the course. The Meditations in context

2)    25.2: Doubting as a method. Meditation I

3)    4.3: Some medieval antecedents

4)    11.3: Meditation II

5)    18.3: Aristotle’s On the Soul, and the assimilation principle

6)    25.3: Meditation III

7)    8.4: Against Aquinas

8)    15.4: Meditation IV

9)    22.4: Evil or false

10) 29.4: Meditation V

11) 6.5: Ideas and certitude

12) 13.5: Meditation VI: bringing back the body and the soul

Vstupní požadavky
Poslední úprava: Anna Tropia, Ph.D. (28.01.2021)

This is a BA course, but everybody is mostly welcome! 

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