PředmětyPředměty(verze: 901)
Předmět, akademický rok 2021/2022
  
The Active Mind: epistemology, metaphysics and psychology in the 16th century - AFS500213
Anglický název: The Active Mind: epistemology, metaphysics and psychology in the 16th century
Zajišťuje: Ústav filosofie a religionistiky (21-UFAR)
Fakulta: Filozofická fakulta
Platnost: od 2019
Semestr: letní
Body: 0
E-Kredity: 4
Způsob provedení zkoušky: letní s.:
Rozsah, examinace: letní s.:0/2 Z [hodiny/týden]
Počet míst: neurčen / neurčen (neurčen)
Minimální obsazenost: neomezen
Virtuální mobilita / počet míst: ne
Stav předmětu: nevyučován
Jazyk výuky: angličtina
Způsob výuky: prezenční
Úroveň:  
Další informace: https://dl1.cuni.cz/user/index.php?id=6851
Poznámka: předmět je možno zapsat mimo plán
povolen pro zápis po webu
Garant: Anna Tropia, Ph.D.
Rozvrh   Nástěnka   
Anotace
Poslední úprava: Anna Tropia, Ph.D. (06.02.2019)
Summer Term 2019: MA module

Contact: anna.tropia@ff.cuni.cz
Office hours: Wed. 13h-14h

Where: Nám. Jana Palacha 2
2 floor, room P 218

When: Thursday, 14h10-15h45


What does it mean that the mind is independent from the senses and therefore, immortal? Furthermore, what is the relation between the embodied mind and the body? These are the main points that will be addressed in the course. Our textual base will be a class on psychology that the Jesuit professor Juan Maldonado (Extremadura, 1533 - Rome, 1583) taught in Paris in 1564: this “compendium” provides the modern reader with an excellent synthesis of what Descartes himself, for instance, will oppose to in his Metaphysical Meditations (1641). This text, entitled “On the origin, the nature and the immortality of the soul” (De origine, natura et immortalitate animae), has been recently edited by myself. Students will be provided with an English translation during the course.




Cíl předmětu
Poslední úprava: Anna Tropia, Ph.D. (06.02.2019)

This course aims at presenting, through the reading of a 16th century scholastic course, late medieval and early modern doctrines of the immortality of the soul and of human cognition: for the two go together, in the perspective of the scholastic Maldonado. Eventually, students will obtain:

-        a good overall knowledge of the major theses on the soul, from medieval to early modern time (theories on the origin of the soul, the soul as form of the body, the relation between the soul and its faculties)

-        the ability to read an early-modern text and decipher its structure and content (e.g. strategy, sources)

-        an idea of how a scholastic course was held during the 16th century

Podmínky zakončení předmětu - angličtina
Poslední úprava: Anna Tropia, Ph.D. (06.02.2019)

Participation is strongly recommended, as well as the consultation of moodle, where texts will be regularly uploaded. Students willing to give a 30’ presentation within the course will be provided with texts and themes during the first course meetings. It is strictly recommended to stick to such suggestions; any proposals must anyway be previously discussed with the teacher.

Literatura - angličtina
Poslední úprava: Anna Tropia, Ph.D. (06.02.2019)

Aristotle, On the soul, London-Cambridge 1964 (but it could be also another translation and another language)

The English translation of Maldonado’s On the origin, the nature and the immortality of the soul, will be provided by the teacher every time.

Excerpta of Thomas Aquinas’ Summa theologiae (Rome, Vatican Edition, 1888 –; also accessible online, both in Latin – www.corpusthomisticum.org – and English – dhs.priory.com/thomas/), and Réné Descartes’ Meditations.

Chapter 9 from P. Pomponazzi, De immortalitate animae (Pojednání o nesmrtelnosti duše = Tractatus de immortalitate animae / Pietro Pomponazzi; úvodní studii napsal Tomáš Nejeschleba; přeložil Miroslav Petříček, Praha, 2012. The Latin text is accessible online on the website prdl.org)

 

 

Secondary literature:

P. R. Blum, “The immortality of the soul”, in J. Hankins (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Renaissance Philosophy, Cambridge, 2007 (available at the UFAR library, both in English and Czech)

L. Casini, “The Renaissance Debate on the Immortality of the Soul. Pietro Pomponazzi and the Plurality of Substantial Forms”, in P. Bakker & J. Thijssen (eds.), Mind, Cognition and Representation: The Tradition of Commentaries on Aristotle’s De anima. Aldershot 2007 (UFAR library)

C. Martin, Subverting Aristotle: religion, history and philosophy in early modern science, Baltimore, 2014 (UFAR library)

C. Casalini, “The Jesuits”, in B. Hill – H. Lagerlund (eds.), The Routledge Companion to the Sixteenth Century Philosophy, New York-London 2017, p. 159-188 (moodle)

D. N. Hasse, Success and Suppression. Arabic Sciences and Philosophy in the Renaissance, Cambridge, London 2016 (moodle)

D. Garber, Descartes’ Metaphysical Physics. Chigago 1992, chapter 4: “Descartes against his teachers” (moodle)

Metody výuky - angličtina
Poslední úprava: Anna Tropia, Ph.D. (06.02.2019)

The course will be structured around the original text by Maldonado, which will provide a guideline through the major problems and history of the doctrines on the soul from antiquity to early modern time. Its order and structure will be approached on a twofold method: historical and analytical. Selected texts from the De origine will offer the opportunity to discuss both sources (e.g. Aristotle, Thomas Aquinas, Alexander of Aphrodisias) and Maldonado’s own reading. The assignments will consist in the reading of the text’s chapters before every meeting.

Požadavky ke zkoušce - angličtina
Poslední úprava: Anna Tropia, Ph.D. (06.02.2019)

Attendance is required for this course. Students have the choice between 1/ writing down a paper (max. 3000 words) selected among a list of suggestions provided by the teacher during the seminar or 2/ give an oral presentation (max. 30’) within the course. In each case, it is mandatory that the student agrees and discuss with the teacher the selected topic. Active participation in the course is also part of the evaluation.

Sylabus - angličtina
Poslední úprava: Anna Tropia, Ph.D. (06.02.2019)

Outline of the classes

 

 

1)     presentation of the text: aims, time and context.

2)     The origin of the soul: doxography and interpretation of Aristotle

3)     The relation between soul and body

4)     Against “Alexander-Themistius-Averroes”: that the soul is the form of the body

5)     The relation among the soul’s faculties

6)     The intellect: Maldonado’s reading of Aristotle’s On the Soul, III. 4-5

7)     Cognition and immortality: some criticisms

Studijní opory - angličtina
Poslední úprava: Anna Tropia, Ph.D. (06.02.2019)

moodle; prdl.org; http://scholasticon.ish-lyon.cnrs.fr/index_fr.php

 
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