SubjectsSubjects(version: 901)
Course, academic year 2021/2022
Variability of Languages in Time and Space - NPFL100
Title: Variabilita jazyků v čase a prostoru
Guaranteed by: Institute of Formal and Applied Linguistics (32-UFAL)
Faculty: Faculty of Mathematics and Physics
Actual: from 2021 to 2021
Semester: winter
E-Credits: 2
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:1/1 C [hours/week]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: unlimited
Virtual mobility / capacity: no
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech, English
Teaching methods: full-time
Additional information:
Note: enabled for web enrollment
Guarantor: Mgr. Magda Ševčíková, Ph.D.
Mgr. Anna Nedoluzhko, Ph.D.
PhDr. Šárka Zikánová, Ph.D.
Is interchangeable with: ATKL00347
Annotation -
Last update: RNDr. Jiří Mírovský, Ph.D. (04.05.2022)
The course introduces students to linguistic analysis of multiple languages. Different approaches to classification of the world’s languages are summarized first (genealogical classification, areal typology, language typology). Students get familiar with existing resources containing information on many languages. The course then focuses on language typology of phonological, morphological, and syntactic features. Recent approaches to typology of word formation are presented too. The course concludes with general types of diachronic changes and basic terms of sociolinguistics.
Course completion requirements -
Last update: Mgr. Magda Ševčíková, Ph.D. (04.05.2022)

1. Successful completion of 3 homework assignments

2. Attendance and participation in the class

3. Successful completion of the final in-class test at the end of the term

Literature -
Last update: Mgr. Magda Ševčíková, Ph.D. (23.01.2019)


Jan Bičovský: Vademecum starými indoevropskými jazyky. Praha: Univerzita Karlova v Praze, Filozofická fakulta, 2009.

Lyle Campbell: Historical linguistics: An introduction. 2004.

Bernard Comrie: Language universals and linguistic typology. 1989.

Terry Crowley – Claire Bowern: An introduction to historical linguistics. 2010.

František Čermák: Jazyk a jazykověda (Přehled a slovníky). Praha: Karolinum, 2004.

Jiří Černý: Dějiny lingvistiky. Olomouc: Votobia, 1996.

Jiří Černý: Úvod do studia jazyka. Olomouc: Rubico, 1998.

Tomáš Duběda: Jazyky a jejich zvuky. Univerzálie a typologie ve fonetice a fonologii. Praha: Karolinum, 2005.

Adolf Erhart: Základy jazykovědy. Praha: SPN, 1984.

Victoria Fromkin – Robert Rodman – Nina Hyams: An Introduction to Language. International Student Edition. Boston: Wadsworth, 2006.

Eva Hajičová – Petr Sgall – Jarmila Panevová: Úvod do teoretické a počítačové lingvistiky. Svazek 1: Teoretická lingvistika. Praha: Karolinum, 2002.

Martin Haspelmath et al. (eds.): Language typology and language universals. 2001.

Hans Henrich Hock: Language history, language change, and language relationship: an introduction to historical and comparative linguistics. 2009.

Jakov G. Testelec: Vvedenie v obščij sintaksis. Moskva: Izdatel'stvo RGGU, 2001

Online resources:

The World Atlas of Language Structures (

Ethnologue - Languages of the World (

Syllabus -
Last update: Mgr. Magda Ševčíková, Ph.D. (04.05.2022)

1. Basic facts and linguistic resources on the world's languages

2. Classification of languages: genetic classification of languages (language families and their subclassification), areal typology, linguistic typology

3. Phonemes and phonemic inventories

4. Syllable structure across languages, prosodic features

5. Linguistic signs. Expression of grammatical meanings in languages, morphological types (agglutinating, fusional, isolating, polysynthetic)

6. Typology of grammatical categories: case, number, evidentiality, etc. across languages

7. Word formation across languages: approaches to cross-linguistic study of word-formation

8. Typology of syntactic features: comparing word order across languages

9. Language universals - are there any?

10. Types of writing systems, their principles and dynamics

Charles University | Information system of Charles University |