SubjectsSubjects(version: 845)
Course, academic year 2018/2019
   Login via CAS
Variability of languages in time and space - NPFL100
Title in English: Variabilita jazyků v čase a prostoru
Guaranteed by: Institute of Formal and Applied Linguistics (32-UFAL)
Faculty: Faculty of Mathematics and Physics
Actual: from 2018 to 2019
Semester: winter
E-Credits: 3
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:1/1 C [hours/week]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: unlimited
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech, English
Teaching methods: full-time
Note: enabled for web enrollment
Guarantor: Mgr. Magda Ševčíková, Ph.D.
PhDr. Šárka Zikánová, Ph.D.
Mgr. Anna Nedoluzhko, Ph.D.
Annotation -
Last update: Mgr. Barbora Vidová Hladká, Ph.D. (25.01.2019)
The course is oriented at languages as a research data and introduces the variability of languages of the world from different points of view (language typology, general types of diachronic changes, transfer of information in different types of notation etc.). Completing programming tasks dealing with multilingual corpora is also included (e.g. comparison of morphological variety of languages, clustering of languages according to their typological features). The course is open every two years, alternating regularly with the course Chapters from the Czech Grammar.
Course completion requirements -
Last update: Mgr. Magda Ševčíková, Ph.D. (23.01.2019)

Active participation

Short in-class check-ups at the beginning of each lecture

The examination cannot be repeated.

Literature -
Last update: Mgr. Magda Ševčíková, Ph.D. (23.01.2019)


Jan Bičovský: Vademecum starými indoevropskými jazyky. Praha: Univerzita Karlova v Praze, Filozofická fakulta, 2009.

Lyle Campbell: Historical linguistics: An introduction. 2004.

Bernard Comrie: Language universals and linguistic typology. 1989.

Terry Crowley – Claire Bowern: An introduction to historical linguistics. 2010.

František Čermák: Jazyk a jazykověda (Přehled a slovníky). Praha: Karolinum, 2004.

Jiří Černý: Dějiny lingvistiky. Olomouc: Votobia, 1996.

Jiří Černý: Úvod do studia jazyka. Olomouc: Rubico, 1998.

Tomáš Duběda: Jazyky a jejich zvuky. Univerzálie a typologie ve fonetice a fonologii. Praha: Karolinum, 2005.

Adolf Erhart: Základy jazykovědy. Praha: SPN, 1984.

Victoria Fromkin – Robert Rodman – Nina Hyams: An Introduction to Language. International Student Edition. Boston: Wadsworth, 2006.

Eva Hajičová – Petr Sgall – Jarmila Panevová: Úvod do teoretické a počítačové lingvistiky. Svazek 1: Teoretická lingvistika. Praha: Karolinum, 2002.

Martin Haspelmath et al. (eds.): Language typology and language universals. 2001.

Hans Henrich Hock: Language history, language change, and language relationship: an introduction to historical and comparative linguistics. 2009.

Jakov G. Testelec: Vvedenie v obščij sintaksis. Moskva: Izdatel'stvo RGGU, 2001

Online resources:

The World Atlas of Language Structures (

Ethnologue - Languages of the World (

Syllabus -
Last update: Mgr. Magda Ševčíková, Ph.D. (23.01.2019)

I. Classification of languages

  • Languages of the world, approaches to their classification
  • Writing systems around the world, transliteration and transcription

II. Language typology

  • Language typology of phonology, morphology, and syntax
  • Typological approach to word formation

III. Synchrony and diachrony

  • Development of languages and variability
  • Typical diachronic changes

IV. Basic terms of sociolinguistics

  • Written and spoken language
  • Speakers’ attitude to language
Charles University | Information system of Charles University |