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Course, academic year 2022/2023
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Chronobiology - MB150P16
Title: Chronobiologie
Czech title: Chronobiologie
Guaranteed by: Department of Physiology (31-152)
Faculty: Faculty of Science
Actual: from 2020
Semester: summer
E-Credits: 3
Examination process: summer s.:
Hours per week, examination: summer s.:2/0, Ex [HT]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: unlimited
Virtual mobility / capacity: no
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech
Additional information: http://V letním semetru 2021 bude předmět vyučován hybridní formou - předtočené přednášky + konzultace v domluveném termínu
Note: enabled for web enrollment
Guarantor: doc. RNDr. Zdeňka Bendová, Ph.D.
Teacher(s): doc. RNDr. Zdeňka Bendová, Ph.D.
Incompatibility : MB150P95
Is incompatible with: MB150P95
Annotation -
Last update: RNDr. Daniela Horníková, Ph.D. (14.11.2017)
Chronobiology studies time regulation of biological processes. Living organisms exhibit biological rhythms in many variables, from gene expression to behavior. These rhythms may run with a period from several milliseconds to many years. The most important are circadian, i.e. about one day, rhythms, which persist even in a non-periodic environment. Circadian rhythms can be found in most of the organisms known so far, from unicellular prokaryotic to mammals, including humans. It has been revealed that nearly every cell of a multicellular organism is able to generate circadian rhythms that are coordinated via so called circadian system. Malfunction of the coordination in the timekeeping system impacts negatively on many physiological functions and health.
Lectures will concentrate mostly on the mammalian circadian system and its hierarchy in different species, mainly in mammals. The up-to-day theories on mechanisms underlying the circadian rhythmicity at the cellular and molecular level will be explained. It will also be summarized how does the timekeeping mechanism entrain with external cues and how does it drive numeral physiological functions. The ontogenetic and phylogenetic aspects of the circadian rhythmicity will be also ascertained. Further, attention will be directed at relationship between circadian rhythms and rhythms with much longer or shorter period. Last but not least, circadian control of behavior of different species (migration) or regulation of sleep, learning ability etc. in humans will be discussed.
Literature -
Last update: RNDr. Daniela Horníková, Ph.D. (28.10.2019)

knihovna Biologické sekce - Foster RG a Kreitzman L: Circadian Rhythms (A Very Short Introduction)

knihovna Biologické sekce - pro zaujaté - Refinetti R: Circadian Physiology Third Edition)

Requirements to the exam -
Last update: RNDr. Daniela Horníková, Ph.D. (28.10.2019)

The course is completed by an oral exam.

Syllabus - Czech
Last update: RNDr. Daniela Horníková, Ph.D. (11.03.2019)
  • ultradiánní, infradiánní, cirkadiánní vs. denní rytmy
  • molekulární mechanismy vzniku cirkadiánních oscilací prokaryotických a eukaryotických organismů
  • cirkadiánní pacemakery a jejich adaptabilita k časovým změnám ve vnějším prostředí
  • molekulární principy světelné a nesvětelné synchronizace
  • regulace spánku a kognitivních funkcí
  • cirkanuální rytmy a fotoperiodismus
  • fotoperiodismus a hibernace
  • cirkadiánní systém a buněčný cyklus
  • cirkadiánní systém a metabolismus
  • cirkadiánní a imunitní systém
  • chronobiologie člověka

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