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Course, academic year 2023/2024
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Practical course of plant physiology - MB130C14E
Title: Practical course of plant physiology
Czech title: Praktikum z fyziologie rostlin
Guaranteed by: Department of Experimental Plant Biology (31-130)
Faculty: Faculty of Science
Actual: from 2022
Semester: summer
E-Credits: 2
Examination process: summer s.:
Hours per week, examination: summer s.:0/1, C [TS]
Capacity: 16
Min. number of students: 5
4EU+: no
Virtual mobility / capacity: no
State of the course: taught
Language: English
Note: enabled for web enrollment
Guarantor: RNDr. Michal Hála, Ph.D.
Teacher(s): RNDr. Michal Hála, Ph.D.
Class: Vzduchotěsné komory pro izotopové značení
Incompatibility : MB130C14
Annotation -
Practical course deals with plant pigments, photosynthesis and respiration, mineral nutrition, water regime and phytohormone
effects. Student gets knowledge on plant functions and acquires experience on work with living plant material, explant in
vitro cultivation, meets basic analytical methods , eg. chromatography, spectrophotometry and gasometry.
Last update: Hála Michal, RNDr., Ph.D. (12.03.2019)
Literature - Czech

Description of goals, methods and background informations are available in a printed form in the practicum.

Last update: Hála Michal, RNDr., Ph.D. (12.03.2019)
Requirements to the exam

presence in the practicum, elaborated protocols

Last update: Hála Michal, RNDr., Ph.D. (12.03.2019)
Syllabus -

Plant pigments. Extraction and TL chromatography of chloroplast pigments, elution and determination of absorption spectra. transport of electron from donor to acceptor in prepared extract. Paper chromatography of vacuolar pigments, identification by means of UV-source.

Photosynthesis, respiration, assimilates. Measurement of net photosynthesis in C3 and C4 plants estimating changing level of carbon dioxide in closed system. Influence of CO2 level on rate of photosynthesis, compensation concentration of CO2. Rate of respiration measured as increasing level of CO2 in darkness in closed system. Starch localisation in leaves - function.

Plant water regime. Estimation of osmotic potential of epidermis of onion bulb (observation of incipient plasmolysis). Rate of transpiration, stomatal and cuticular transpiration - gravimetric method.

Mineral nutrition. Nitrogen deficiency, effect on growth, development and efficiency of photosythetic apparatus in young plants of maize. N, P, K, Mg, Ca deficiency - manifestation in young plants of wheat and kohlrabi. Fytotrof - an expert system for mineral deficiency assessment.

Plant in vitro cultivation. Passage of Drosera. Potato micropropagation by node segments. Cell culture - cell viability estimation using trypane blue.

Plant growth substances. Effect of IAA, BAP, ABA and GA3 on growth and development of cress seedlings.

Mycorhizal symbiosis. Cultivation and passage mycorhozal fungi, anatomical and morphological analysis of mycorhozal fungi and roots of plants colonized by mycorhizal fungi.

Male gametophyt - phospholipid signaling in apical growth

Last update: Hála Michal, RNDr., Ph.D. (12.03.2019)
 
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