velikost textu

Biofuels-economical and ecological impact

Upozornění: Informace získané z popisných dat či souborů uložených v Repozitáři závěrečných prací nemohou být použity k výdělečným účelům nebo vydávány za studijní, vědeckou nebo jinou tvůrčí činnost jiné osoby než autora.
Název:
Biofuels-economical and ecological impact
Název v češtině:
Biopaliva-ekonomický a ekologický impakt
Typ:
Bakalářská práce
Autor:
Bc. Václav Kalous
Vedoucí:
prof. Ing. Karel Janda, M.A., Ph.D.
Oponent:
Mgr. Dominik Herman
Id práce:
202565
Fakulta:
Fakulta sociálních věd (FSV)
Pracoviště:
Institut ekonomických studií (23-IES)
Program studia:
Ekonomické teorie (B6201)
Obor studia:
Ekonomie a finance (EF)
Přidělovaný titul:
Bc.
Datum obhajoby:
11. 6. 2019
Výsledek obhajoby:
Velmi dobře (C)
Jazyk práce:
Angličtina
Klíčová slova:
Biopaliva
Klíčová slova v angličtině:
Biofuels
Abstrakt:
Tato práce zkoumá vztah mezi cenami biodieselu a olejnin. V úvodu jsou popsány dosavadní nálezy z problematiky biopaliv. Následná výzkumná část se zabývá analýzou cen biodieselu, dieselu, řepky, palmového oleje, sóji, slunečnicového oleje a bavlny. Studie zkoumá data z EU a USA mezi lety 2003 a 2019. Výsledky naznačuji jak kratkodobý tak dlouhodobý vztah mezi analyzovanými řadami. Povaha tohoto vztahu je navíc časově závislá.
Abstract v angličtině:
Bachelor’s Thesis Proposal Institute of Economic Studies Faculty of Social Sciences Charles University in Prague Author’s name and surname: Václav Kalous E-mail: vaclavkalous1@gmail.com Phone: 731214182 Supervisor’s name: prof. Ing. Karel Janda, M.A., Dr., Ph.D. Supervisor’s email: Karel-Janda@seznam.cz Notes: Please enter the information from the proposal to the Student Information System (SIS) and submit the proposal signed by yourself and by the supervisor to the Academic Director (“garant”) of the undergraduate program. Proposed Topic: Biofuels- economic and ecological impact. Preliminary scope of work: Research question and motivation The issue of provision of energy for the vast population of planet Earth remains one of the biggest challenges for the humankind today. Sources such as fossil fuels are limited and will be depleted one day, so it is evident that we must seek for renewable resources to provide for our everyday needs. Even though complete depletion of fossil fuels is still quite far away, new energy resources are already on the scene. This is mainly due to environmental reasons, because fossil fuels are in fact believed to be the worst possibility from the ecological point of view. One of the frequently used renewable resources are biofuels, however these are subject to controversy because of their different impacts on the nature. Contribution The thesis will try to answer the question whether the use of biofuels is the right choice for the protection of the environment. If so, it will also try to find ways to minimalize the negative externalities coming from their use. Its contribution to the issue will lay in the attempt to predict and discuss the role of the biofuels in the future. Moreover, it will examine possible economic and ecological effects of new legislation, such as the decision of the European Parliament to ban the subsidies on fuels made from palm oil. In practice, ideas of this thesis can help to study profoundly the overall effects of government actions in the field of fuels. Methodology The thesis will look at the issue from the global as well as regional perspective, hence working with both global and local data. This method will allow it to compare different markets and legislative approaches. It will try to examine potential relationships between economic and natural data. The thesis will test the effectivity of government subsidies and regulation and their environmental numerically quantifiable results, for example amount of pollution from transportation. Data will be continuously extracted from the Internet during the research, so that actual trends can be observed. Government agencies offer significant amounts of data, among others the Economic Research Service of the United States Department of Agriculture. The analysis of the data will be done with the use of statistical and mathematical softwares, for example Rstudio or Mathematica. Following hypothesis will be tested: 1) There is a positive association between the amount of land used for the production of biofuels and the price of basic foods. 2) Financial support of biofuels ameliorates the living conditions on Earth. 3) The amount of biofuel produced is positively corelated with the intensity of pesticide usage. 4) The same volume of natural gas compared to amount of biofuel would lead to higher ecological improvements. 5) The production of palm oil will not decrease significantly after the EU subsidies terminate. Outline The thesis consists of two main parts. In the first, the effect of government support of biofuels is studied. It examines how subsidies and tax cuts affect the price, demand, supply and other economic indicators of biofuels. It discusses the effects on the market and competition. In the second part, it will focus on the environmental impacts resulting from the production and use of biofuels, attempting to quantify what they actually bring to the ecosystem. Finally, it finds possible links between legislation and market mechanisms on one side and actual environmental phenomenons on the other. List of academic literature: Bibliography 1) The Impacts of Biofuels on the Economy, Environment, and Poverty. David Zilberman 2) http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php/Agri-environmental_indicator_- _consumption_of_pesticides 3) Use of U.S. Croplands for Biofuels Increases Greenhouse Gases Through Emission from Land-Use Change. Timothy Searchinger et al. 4) Beneficial Biofuels- The Food, Energy and Environment Trilemma. David Tilman et al. 5) Environmental, economic and energetic costs and benefits of biodiesel and ethanol biofuels. Jason Hill et al.
Dokumenty
Stáhnout Dokument Autor Typ Velikost
Stáhnout Text práce Bc. Václav Kalous 609 kB
Stáhnout Abstrakt v českém jazyce Bc. Václav Kalous 53 kB
Stáhnout Abstrakt anglicky Bc. Václav Kalous 164 kB
Stáhnout Posudek vedoucího prof. Ing. Karel Janda, M.A., Ph.D. 343 kB
Stáhnout Posudek oponenta Mgr. Dominik Herman 714 kB
Stáhnout Záznam o průběhu obhajoby PhDr. Julie Chytilová, Ph.D. 152 kB