velikost textu

Obnova právního řádu v poválečném Československu

Upozornění: Informace získané z popisných dat či souborů uložených v Repozitáři závěrečných prací nemohou být použity k výdělečným účelům nebo vydávány za studijní, vědeckou nebo jinou tvůrčí činnost jiné osoby než autora.
Název:
Obnova právního řádu v poválečném Československu
Název v angličtině:
The reconstruction of the legal order in post-war Czechoslovakia
Typ:
Disertační práce
Autor:
JUDr. Petr Podlaha, Ph.D.
Školitel:
prof. JUDr. Jan Kuklík, DrSc.
Oponenti:
doc. JUDr. Vladimír Kindl
Ladislav Vojáček
Id práce:
11288
Fakulta:
Právnická fakulta (PF)
Pracoviště:
Katedra právních dějin (22-KPD)
Program studia:
Teoretické právní vědy (P6801)
Obor studia:
Právní dějiny, teorie práva, filozofie a sociologie práva (PDTP)
Přidělovaný titul:
Ph.D.
Datum obhajoby:
11. 6. 2009
Výsledek obhajoby:
Prospěl/a
Jazyk práce:
Čeština
Abstract v angličtině:
7. Resume - Patent protection of pharmaceuticals and its current problems The pharmaceutical industry nowadays plays a major role in the world’s economy, having an estimated total volume of USD 740 billion and being one of the recognized key innovation sectors. The system of patent law is of major significance to the industry in that the monopoly it confers, for a limited period of time, on using innovations provides a major incentive for innovative research activities that the industry is involved in. Although the availability of patent protection for chemical and pharmaceutical products has, from a historical perspective, only been reaffirmed in the near past, it has nowadays been accepted as a global standard mainly through the provisions of the WTO’s TRIPS agreement. Despite the existence of various international treaties harmonizing patent laws, patents have to date in their effects remained strictly limited to individual jurisdictions. There’re several ways of how patents can be used to protect the novel, innovative and non-obvious results of pharmaceutical research; patents for end products, processes of making a product or for new medical indications can mainly be of practical use, each of these types providing a different scope of protection and offering different approaches of preventing competition from using the fruits of a company’s research and development. Additionally, patenting metabolites and optical isomers as well as using selection patents are discussed. Closely bound to the patent system itself are the means of the so-called off-patent protection – supplementary protection certificates, regulatory data protection and market exclusivity granted to drugs for orphan diseases. Once a patent is granted, effective enforcement of rights conferred is of crucial importance. Means of defense against patent infringement including provisions enacting right to information in relation to infringing subjects and products are described together with a few specific limitations to the extent of patent protection, the experimental use defense and exhaustion of rights. Although the patent system and its availability to protect pharmaceuticals is well established, there’s been an ongoing debate as to if or how the existence of pharmaceutical patents, inevitably raising the prices of patented pharmaceuticals, is the main factor that makes medicals unavailable to numerous populations mainly in developing countries. Among other topics, also the relationship of the patent system to protecting medicinal knowledge of traditional and indigenous communities, the appropriate length of effective monopoly granted by patents as well as the often somewhat problematic targeting of pharmaceutical research have recently been widely and intensively discussed and are briefly covered in this paper. - 61 -
Dokumenty
Stáhnout Dokument Autor Typ Velikost
Stáhnout Text práce JUDr. Petr Podlaha, Ph.D. 29.02 MB
Stáhnout Abstrakt v českém jazyce JUDr. Petr Podlaha, Ph.D. 937 kB
Stáhnout Abstrakt anglicky JUDr. Petr Podlaha, Ph.D. 77 kB
Stáhnout Posudek vedoucího prof. JUDr. Jan Kuklík, DrSc. 204 kB
Stáhnout Posudek oponenta doc. JUDr. Vladimír Kindl 407 kB
Stáhnout Posudek oponenta Ladislav Vojáček 1.39 MB
Stáhnout Záznam o průběhu obhajoby 260 kB