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Předmět, akademický rok 2022/2023
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Economy and Politics in the 20th Century Eastern Europe - JTM267
Anglický název: Economy and Politics in the 20th Century Eastern Europe
Zajišťuje: Katedra ruských a východoevropských studií (23-KRVS)
Fakulta: Fakulta sociálních věd
Platnost: od 2021
Semestr: zimní
E-Kredity: 6
Způsob provedení zkoušky: zimní s.:kombinovaná
Rozsah, examinace: zimní s.:1/1, Zk [HT]
Počet míst: 20 / neurčen (20)
Minimální obsazenost: neomezen
Virtuální mobilita / počet míst: ne
Stav předmětu: vyučován
Jazyk výuky: angličtina
Způsob výuky: prezenční
Poznámka: předmět je možno zapsat mimo plán
povolen pro zápis po webu
při zápisu přednost, je-li ve stud. plánu
Garant: Mgr. Karel Svoboda, Ph.D.
Vyučující: Mgr. Karel Svoboda, Ph.D.
Třída: Courses for incoming students
Neslučitelnost : JMM143
Anotace - angličtina
Poslední úprava: Mgr. Karel Svoboda, Ph.D. (09.09.2022)
The course offers an introduction to economic development in Central and Eastern Europe. It covers the time range of 1945-2010 (or, more precisely, from the end of WWII to the World Financial Crisis). Its main aim is to explore the political economy of the area, divergencies, and convergencies in the countries' developments. It should not be a history of the region but an explanation of the functioning of the political economy in the example of the aforementioned area. Territorially, it deals with the East-Central European countries, excluding former Yugoslavia (the country will be covered only to the extent of its interaction with other socialist countries. The course applies general concepts to the reality of Central and Eastern Europe. Thematically, the course is divided into two parts, with the relations and conditions within the socialist bloc being the first part and the post-socialist reality as the second. The course should give the students the ability to approach the affairs in Central Europe in their complexity and critically evaluate the differences and common points of the countries within the region.
Cíl předmětu - angličtina
Poslední úprava: Mgr. Karel Svoboda, Ph.D. (09.09.2022)

The course aims at introducing the problems of the political economy of Central Europe to the students who are newcomers to these issues. It explains the diversities and similarities of the countries inside the V4 (roughly) region. Students should be able to apply general rules of functioning of the political economy in this particular example. 

Podmínky zakončení předmětu - angličtina
Poslední úprava: Mgr. Karel Svoboda, Ph.D. (15.09.2020)

Please, note that any instance of plagiarism (use of other people's thoughts, ideas without referencing them etc.) leads instantly to the "fail" mark in the whole course and the case is sent to the Disciplinary board of the Faculty of Social Sciences (or your home university). Using your own paper for more than one course is regareded as self-plagiarism. 

Literatura - angličtina
Poslední úprava: Mgr. Karel Svoboda, Ph.D. (28.09.2021)

Berend, Ivan,  From the Soviet Bloc to the European Union The Economic and Social Transformation of Central and Eastern Europe since 1973, Cambridge, 2009.

Brown, Archie, The Rise and Fall of Communism, London, 2009.

Drahokoupil Jan, Myant Martin, Transition Economies: Political Economy in Russia, Eastern Europe and Central Asia, John Wiley and son, 2011.

Eichengreen, Barry, The European Economy since 1945 (Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2008).

Judt, Tony, Postwar, London, 2006.

Kornai, Janos, The Socialist System: Political Economy of Communism (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992).

Kovács, János, Tardos, Marton, Reform and transformation in Eastern Europe, London and New York, 2005.

Rotschild, Joseph, Wingfield, Nancy, Return to Diversity, A Political History of East Central Europe Since World War II, Oxford, 2000.

Stone, Randall, Satellites and Commissars, Strategy and Conflict in the Politics of Soviet Bloc trade, Princeton, 2002.

Turnock, David, The Economy of East Central Europe, 1815-1989, London and New York, 2006.

Wagener, Hans Jurgen (ed.), Economic Thought in Communist and Post-Communist Europe, London, 1998. 

Metody výuky - angličtina
Poslední úprava: Mgr. Karel Svoboda, Ph.D. (14.09.2022)

the course takes part in Pekařská 16, room 108. 

 Reading and other materials may be found in moodle: https://dl2.cuni.cz/course/view.php?id=3967

We are not in high school. Therefore, lecturing should be a minor part of our work. Students are expected to read asserted papers and be able to discuss them. Everyone has to be able to say something, critically assert what was read, and bring his/her ideas. There are no silly questions (except for "What's the time?"), so do not hesitate to ask about anything. There are also no silly remarks or questions.

There are no prerequisites for previous economic training or any particular knowledge of the central European events in the past. The papers will be chosen to be accessible also for non-economists. Only your ability to read, think, and ask questions is expected. On the contrary, the contribution from other fields might be especially enriching. 

Požadavky ke zkoušce - angličtina
Poslední úprava: Mgr. Karel Svoboda, Ph.D. (22.12.2021)

Reading will be the first and foremost obligation. The course should help you to understand what happened in Central Europe after WWII from the political economy point of view. Therefore active participation in the discussions will be essential. As stated above, everybody should be able to say something (nothing like "I do not know..."), because our classes may be only as good as active you are. 

Furthermore, oral presentation on the topic chosen from the list provided by the instructor. The presentation should be 10-15 minutes, built on solid data. It should support the author's view. The form (PowerPoint or not) is on the author's preference. (due to a high number of participants, this obligation may be replaced with a midterm). 

The final exam is based on open answer questions that aim at understanding the topic in a broader perspective. Therefore, the questions will not be "who was Janos Kadar", but "how would you characterize "normalization in Czechoslovakia".  

 

Grading from the total result is determined as follows:

• 91 and more = A

• 81 - 90 % = B

• 71 - 80 % = C

• 61 - 70 % = D

• 51 - 60 % = E

• 0 - 50 % = F

In case of any uncertainty, please, do not hesitate and contact me via email (svobodak@fsv.cuni.cz) or come and see me during my office hours (will be specified). 

 

Berend, Ivan,  From the Soviet Bloc to the European Union The Economic and Social Transformation of Central and Eastern Europe since 1973, Cambridge, 2009.

Brown, Archie, The Rise and Fall of Communism, London, 2009.

Drahokoupil Jan, Myant Martin, Transition Economies: Political Economy in Russia, Eastern Europe and Central Asia, John Wiley and son, 2011.

Eichengreen, Barry, The European Economy since 1945 (Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2008).

Judt, Tony, Postwar, London, 2006.

Kornai, Janos, The Socialist System: Political Economy of Communism (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992).

Kovács, János, Tardos, Marton, Reform and transformation in Eastern Europe, London and New York, 2005.

Rotschild, Joseph, Wingfield, Nancy, Return to Diversity, A Political History of East Central Europe Since World War II, Oxford, 2000.

Stone, Randall, Satellites and Commissars, Strategy and Conflict in the Politics of Soviet Bloc trade, Princeton, 2002.

Turnock, David, The Economy of East Central Europe, 1815-1989, London and New York, 2006.

Wagener, Hans Jurgen (ed.), Economic Thought in Communist and Post-Communist Europe, London, 1998. 

Sylabus - angličtina
Poslední úprava: Mgr. Karel Svoboda, Ph.D. (14.09.2022)
  1. 7 October - Introduction to the course,
      1. Basic outline
  2. 14 October War legacies.
    1. Is war really an economic disaster or it is some sort of opportunity? Why did the countries in the East ended in the communist bloc and the Western countries did not? Why the countries grew so quickly? Was planning unique only for Central and Eastern Europe?
    2. Holly Case, Reconstruction in East-Central Europe: Clearing the Rubble of Cold War Politics, Past and Present, 2011, supplement.
  3. 21 October The autarkic model of an economy:  What was the logic in it?
    1. Why the Soviet Union pushed for a higher degree of industrialization in the Eastern countries. Were the regimes imposed by Soviets? Was there any economic rationale in the autarky? Did the external environment play some role for centrally planned economies?
    2. Ludwig von Mises, Economic calculation in the Socialist Commonwealth, http://mises.org/pdf/econcalc.pdf 
  4. 4 November Reforms in the socialist economies - squaring a circle?
    1. The end of the extensive growth? The problem of quality of goods. Czechoslovak Prague Spring, Hungarian NEM etc. Was socialism reformable or von Mises was right?
    2. Korbonski - The Politics of Economic Reforms in Eastern Europe: The Last Thirty Years. Soviet Studies, Vol. 41, No. 1 (Jan., 1989), pp. 1-19
  5. 11 November Real existing socialism
    1. "goulash" socialism as a system
    2. High socialism in its pure form. Turn towards more consumer-oriented economies instead of the previous investment-oriented. Programs of imports of Western technologies to revive growth. Contacts with the West and intensified cooperation within the CMEA.
    3. Crampton R. J. Eastern Europe in the twentieth century and after pp. 345-376
  6. 18 November Cooperation inside the Bloc
    1. CMEA as a framework for cooperation or an arena of clashes? Did the Soviet Union subsidize Central Europeans? Why Soviets did that then?
    2. Michael Marresse, CMEA: Effective but cumbersome political economy
  7. 25 November The crisis of the system and the fall of communism in Europe. 
    1. Final stage of the system. What happened to the planned economies of Eastern Europe? Did perestroika cause the fall? How the countries pursued their own perestroikas, 
    2. Laszlo Csaba, CMEA and the challenge of the 1980s
  8. 2 December Transformations in CEE 
    1. Complete changes of the functioning of the political-economic systems. Why some countries adopted hasty transformations while the others followed a gradual path? Was the transformational recession really so deep?
    2. Kornai, The Great transformation of central Europe, Success, and disappointment, Economics of Transition, Volume 14, 2006, 207-244
  9. 9 December Privatizations and the problem of the growth of negative tendencies (crime etc.)
      1. Anders Aslund. Building Capitalism (chapter on privatization)
  10. 16 December The financial crisis and Central Europe
      1. Why the countries performed so differently?
  11. 6 January Illiberal capitalism? Recent turn from liberal approaches in central Europe

 Presentations:

14 October

 

War legacies.

 

21 October 

propaganda vs. reality

 

4 November

First protests 

 

Reforms in the socialist economies - squaring a circle?

 

11 November

socialist consumerism

 

18 November

CMEA

 

 

Contacts with the West

 

25 November

Soviet perestroika

 

2 December  

ideological debate on transformation

 

9 December 

privatizations

 

 

Growth of negative tendencies

 

16 December

Financial crisis in central Europe

 

Vstupní požadavky - angličtina
Poslední úprava: Mgr. Karel Svoboda, Ph.D. (09.09.2022)

There are no entrance prerequisites except for sufficient command of English, as we will read and discuss papers in English. Furthermore, oral presentations are also made in English. Computer literacy at the basic user level (using Microsoft office, Zoom) is sufficient. 

Economic training (or training in political economy) is a plus but not necessary. Nevertheless, the course should analyze such topics as daily life, culture, habits, and mentalities, so anybody interested is invited. 

 
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