Poslední úprava: PhDr. Petr Bednařík, Ph.D. (15.02.2020)
In the contemporary world, there is a great need for global cooperation among states. For some given reasons, there are many needed and important policy goals that individual states cannot achieve on their own. These goals include the regulation of the production and use of military weapons, the reduction of trade barriers, or the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions. However, even though global cooperation is nowadays needed more than ever, it is also increasingly difficult to reach. The number of the newly concluded multilateral agreements has been falling. Several important global negotiations are deadlocked. As for the agreements reached in the past, the implementation of many of them is stagnating. Pundits disagree on the major causes of the current problems of global cooperation. Some claim that they mainly arose due to the increasing power position of the so-called rising powers, in particular China, India, and Brazil. As the number of the important global veto-players increased, it is more difficult to find a consensus. It may even be the case that the
2rising powers are largely dissatisfied with the current global institutions and do not want to support them. Alternatively, the limited effectiveness of global institutions can be caused by their inappropriate design. Perhaps they are too weak, or too rigid to enable a functioning cooperation. Among other possible causes that make global cooperation difficult, we may find its fragmentation, the lack of the interest of domestic stakeholders, or an unwillingness of key states to provide the necessary leadership. In this course, we will explore the major problems of the contemporary global cooperation, their possible causes, and the solutions that could resolve these problems. To get a more concrete insight into these issues, we will deal with them in the context of the key global institutions that operate in the three key areas of international relations: security, economy, and the environment. The institutions that will be discussed in the course include the nuclear non-proliferation regime, the UN Security Council, the World Trade Organization (WTO), the International Monetary Fund (IMF), and the climate change regime.
This course has a Moodle site available at https://dl1.cuni.cz/course/view.php?id=7043
All the information is available at the Moodle site.