PředmětyPředměty(verze: 850)
Předmět, akademický rok 2021/2022
   Přihlásit přes CAS
Armed Forces and Society - JPM613
Anglický název: Armed Forces and Society
Zajišťuje: Katedra bezpečnostních studií (23-KBS)
Fakulta: Fakulta sociálních věd
Platnost: od 2019
Semestr: oba
Body: 6
E-Kredity: 6
Rozsah, examinace: 1/1 Zk [hodiny/týden]
Počet míst: zimní:neurčen / neurčen (22)Rozvrh není zveřejněn, proto je tento údaj pouze informativní a může se ještě měnit.
letní:neurčen / neurčen (22)Rozvrh není zveřejněn, proto je tento údaj pouze informativní a může se ještě měnit.
Minimální obsazenost: neomezen
Stav předmětu: vyučován
Jazyk výuky: angličtina
Způsob výuky: prezenční
Další informace: https://dl1.cuni.cz/course/view.php?id=3462
Poznámka: předmět je možno zapsat mimo plán
povolen pro zápis po webu
při zápisu přednost, je-li ve stud. plánu
předmět lze zapsat v ZS i LS
Garant: Mgr. et Mgr. Tomáš Kučera, Ph.D.
Anotace -
Poslední úprava: Mgr. et Mgr. Tomáš Kučera, Ph.D. (28.10.2019)
viz https://dl1.cuni.cz/course/view.php?id=3462
Cíl předmětu - angličtina
Poslední úprava: Mgr. et Mgr. Tomáš Kučera, Ph.D. (29.08.2019)

This module provides an introduction to the study of civil-military relations (CMR). It is commonplace for strategic studies to view armed forces (AF) merely as an instrument at the disposal of security and defence policy. Among the objectives of this course is to problematize this view. Political, ethical, and normative distinctions between AF and their parent society form the basis of the CMR problematique. AF may play a crucial role in domestic politics. Rather than a security instrument, it is not such a rare occurrence that AF turn into a threat to the civilian leadership of the state.

Podmínky zakončení předmětu - angličtina
Poslední úprava: Mgr. et Mgr. Tomáš Kučera, Ph.D. (02.10.2019)

Post-seminar homework         60%

Workshops                              15%

Policy paper                            25%

Voluntary activities                 up to extra 5%

 

Post-seminar homework

To check comprehension of the seminar topic and the achievement of seminar objectives, at the end of each seminar students will be given a question which they will have to address with a short essay. This task should be complete by the end of the same week.

As part of this assignment, students should read essays of their colleagues and provide them with critical feedback.

To this category belongs also a written outcome of the simulation game.

 

Workshops

The workshops are supposed to allow working groups to present some of their early findings and get feedback. The presenting group(s) must share through moodle at least 24 hours before the seminar, with the lecturer and every student in the seminar group, a 3-page summary of the presentation.

 

Policy paper

A policy paper of a length between 4000 and 5000 words is a final outcome of the working groups’ research. ‘The purpose of the policy paper is to provide a comprehensive and persuasive argument justifying the policy recommendations presented in the paper, and therefore to act as a decision-making tool and a call to action for the target audience’ (ODI 2009). For the sake of this exercise, the target audience consists of the civilian leadership in the Ministry of Defence, cabinet ministers and members of parliament. To learn more about writing policy papers, you may consult the following links:

 

Team research topics (workshops and policy papers)

·         Defence-sector reform in a post-Soviet country – analysis of the efforts so far and suggestions for a way forward

·         How to strengthen civic participation in defence in a European country of your choice

·         Use of PMCs by IGOs in peacekeeping and crisis management

·         Supranational military forces - possibilities and challenges

 

Voluntary activities

Students are encouraged to participate actively both during the class discussions and through the moodle. For example, the moodle offers a platform for sharing and discussing news relevant to the subject of this course.

Literatura - angličtina
Poslední úprava: Mgr. et Mgr. Tomáš Kučera, Ph.D. (27.08.2019)

Snyder, Jack. ‘Civil-Military Relations and the Cult of the Offensive, 1914 and 1984’. International Security 9, no. 1 (1984): 108–146

Tocqueville, Alexis de. Democracy in America — Volume 2. Book 3, Chapter XXII

Finer, Samuel Edward. The Man on Horseback: The Role of the Military in Politics. London: Pall Mall Press, 1962. (selection)

Huntington, Samuel P. The Soldier and the State: The Theory and Politics of Civil-Military Relations. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1957.

Desch, Michael C. Civilian Control of the Military: The Changing Security Environment. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999: 8-21

Perlmutter, Amos. The Military and Politics in Modern Times: On Professionals, Praetorians, and Revolutionary Soldiers. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1977. (89-115)

Luttwak, Edward. Coup D’état, a Practical Handbook. New York: Knopf, 1969. 

Talmadge, Caitlin. ‘Different Threats, Different Militaries: Explaining Organizational Practices in Authoritarian Armies’. Security Studies 25, no. 1 (2 January 2016): 111–41. doi:10.1080/09636412.2016.1134192

Kier, Elizabeth. ‘Culture and Military Doctrine: France between the Wars’. International Security 19, no. 4 (1 April 1995): 65–93. doi:10.2307/2539120.

Lebel, Udi. ‘“Blackmailing the Army” – “Strategic Military Refusal” as Policy and Doctrine Enforcement: The Formation of a New Security Agent’. Small Wars & Insurgencies 25, no. 2 (4 March 2014): 297–328. doi:10.1080/09592318.2013.857941

Metody výuky - angličtina
Poslední úprava: Mgr. et Mgr. Tomáš Kučera, Ph.D. (29.08.2019)

The module is structured into six double-sessions each fortnight. Nonetheless, the sessions represent just a minor part of the participation in the course. Regular reading of the prescribed literature and various homework activities – all mediated through the ‘moodle’ – are essential parts of the course participation too.

 

Moodle

The e-learning platform ‘moodle’ is an essential part of this module. Every participating student is expected to enrol into the moodle-page of this module (https://dl1.cuni.cz/course/view.php?id=3462) and regularly check its content. Moodle will provide a platform for communication between the course convenor and students, distribution of reading and other resources, online preparation before each session, and assignments and examination.

 

Teaching philosophy

The course relies on both individual and collective approaches to learning. All students are responsible for their individual activity and they will be assessed mainly for their individual performance. This means in particular:

  • Before each seminar, everyone should read and study the prescribed reading and prove it in short tests in the Moodle
  • After each seminar, participants will demonstrate their comprehension of the discussed topic in a short essay addressing an assigned question

 

As for the collective learning, active participation of all students brings an important added value to the learning process. Lively discussions should be essential part of all seminars. Apart from that, participants will closely cooperate in their team researchin their team research. They will present and discuss their interim results in workshops during semester and collectively produce a policy paper at the end of the course.. Moreover, collective learning will be enhanced by peer reviews and forum comments:

  • short essays will be presented to other participants through moodle forums and all participants will be encouraged to share critical comments on them
  • All participants are encouraged to comment 3-page summaries and workshop presentations
  • Every participant may share with others relevant and interesting news on civil-military relations

 

Simulation

In some seminars we will play. To get a specific insight into the issue of military coups, we will simulate one. The simulation is inspired by Edward Luttwak’s Coup D’état, a Practical Handbook. (New York: Knopf, 1969) and the 1978 film Power Play.

Požadavky ke zkoušce
Poslední úprava: Mgr. et Mgr. Tomáš Kučera, Ph.D. (28.10.2019)

viz https://dl1.cuni.cz/course/view.php?id=3462

Sylabus - angličtina
Poslední úprava: Mgr. et Mgr. Tomáš Kučera, Ph.D. (02.09.2019)

The module is structured into six double-sessions each fortnight:
1) introduction,
2) theory of CMR,
3) regime security - preatorianism,
4) Regime security - coup-proofing,
5) CMR and military strategy,
6) Postmodern military

 
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