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ON WAR II. - JPM600
Anglický název: ON WAR II.
Zajišťuje: Katedra politologie (23-KP)
Fakulta: Fakulta sociálních věd
Platnost: od 2013
Semestr: letní
Body: 6
E-Kredity: 6
Způsob provedení zkoušky: letní s.:
Rozsah, examinace: letní s.:2/0 Zk [hodiny/týden]
Počet míst: 26 / neurčen (26)
Minimální obsazenost: neomezen
Stav předmětu: vyučován
Jazyk výuky: angličtina
Způsob výuky: prezenční
Poznámka: předmět je možno zapsat mimo plán
povolen pro zápis po webu
při zápisu přednost, je-li ve stud. plánu
Garant: RNDr. Jan Kofroň, Ph.D.
Vyučující: RNDr. Jan Kofroň, Ph.D.
Soubory Komentář
stáhnout Articles for review – examples.pptx List of articles for review
Cíl předmětu - angličtina
Poslední úprava: RNDr. Jan Kofroň, Ph.D. (09.02.2014)

 

ON WAR II freely follows up on the course ON WAR I. It covers military issues after the 1st WW. The course debates the role of technological development on the strategic, operational and tactical levels. We will debate, among others, (i) effects of nuclear weapons, (ii) putative effects of the RMA on the battlefield activity and (iii) the small wars as (not so?) new kind of war.

While the On WAR I. is focused rather on broader implications of war(fare) or on stratigic level of military operations, the course On War II is much more oriented toward operational and tactical level of war. In other words, we will focus on the issues directly connected with war fighting and affecting effectivy of military operations. 

Having said this, it does not however mean that we would not debate broader implications of war(fare) affecting for example conduct of international politics or state building.

 

At the end of the semester students should be able to understand basic patterns present in modern wars and modern warfare (at the tactical, operational and strategic level). Students should be able to analyze the significance of recent (and some probable future) technological changes for the conduct of war. They should be able to analyze current conflicts and develop broader understanding of military tactics and operational arts, which has important implications for come IR theories (namely neo-realism).

Literatura - angličtina
Poslední úprava: RNDr. Jan Kofroň, Ph.D. (15.09.2013)

Key literature:

ANDRESKI, S. (1954): Military Organization and Society.UniversityofCaliforna Press,

Berkeley,Los Angeles, 238 s.

BIDDLE, S., FRIEDMAN, J. (2008): The 2006LebanonCampaign and the Future of Warfare: Implications for Army and Defense Policy.United StatesArmyWarCollege,Carlisle, 90 s.

BIDDLE, S. (2007): Strategy in War, Political Science & Politics. 40, č. 3, s. 461-456.

BIDDLE, S. (2004): Military Power, Explaining Victory and Defeat in ModernBattle.PrincetonUniversityPress,Princeton, 337 s.

BIDDLE, S. (1997): Victory misunderstood, What the Gulf War tells us about the future of

conflict. International Security, 21, č. 2, s. 139-179.

BIDDLE, S., ZIRCKLE, R. (1996): Technology, Civil-Military Relations, and War-fare in the

Developing World. Journal of Strategic Studies, 19, č. 2, s. 171-212.

BROOKS, S. (2005): Producing Security.PrincetonUniversityPress,Princeton, 316 s.

CEDERMAN, L., WARREN, C., SORNETTE, D. (2011): Testing Clausewitz: Nationalism,

Mass Mobilization, and the Severity of War. International Organization, 65, č. 4, s. 605-638.

CLAUSEWITZ, C. (2008): O válce. Academia, Praha, 749 s.

DESCH, M. (1996): War andStrongStates, Peace andWeakStates? International Organization, 50, č. 2, s. 237-268.

DEUDNEY, D. (2007): A Republic for Expansion: The Roman Constitution and Empire and

Balance-of-Power Theory. In: Kaufman, S., Little R., Wohlforth, W. (eds.): The Balance of

Power in World History,Palgrave,New York, s. 148-175.

ECKSTEIN, A. (2006): Mediterranean Anarchy, Interstate War, and the Rise ofRome.UniversityofCaliforniaPress, Berkeley, 394 s.

EVANS, M. (2004):ContinentalSchoolof Strategy. Land Warfare Studies Centre, Study

paper no. 305,Canberra, 173 s.

FARRELL, T. (2008): The Dynamics of British Military Transformation. International Affairs, vol. 84, no. 4, 777-808.

Foley, R. (2012): A Case Study in Horizontal Military Innovation: The German Army, 1916-1918. Journal of Strategic Studies, DOI:10.1080/01402390.2012.669737, 29 s.

GILPIN, R. (1981): War and Change in World Politics.Cambridge,CambridgeUniversity

Press, 272 s.

GOLDHAGEN, D. (1996): Hitler's Willing Executioners: Ordinary Germans and the Holocaust. Vintage, 656 s.

GRAY, C. (1999): Inescapable Geography. In: Sloan, G., Gray, C. (eds.): Geopolitics, Geography and Strategy. Frank Kass,London, s. 161-178.

HANSON, V. (1988): TheWestern Wayof War.UniversityofCaliforniaPress, Berkeley, 320 s.

HANSON, V. (2006): A War Like No Other: How the Athenians and Spartans Fought the

Peloponnesian War. Random House,New York, 416 s.

HOROWITZ, M. (2010): The Difusion of Military Power.PrincetonUniversityPress,Princeton, 273 p.

HOWARD (1977): War in Euroepean History.OxfordUniversityPress,London, 192 p.

Kadercan, B. (2012): Military Competition and the Emergence of Nationalism: Putting the Logic of Political Survival into Historical Context. International Studies Review, 14 č.3, s. 401-428.

KAUFMAN, S., WOHLFORTH, W. (2007): Balancing and Balancing Failure in Biblical Times: Assyria and the Ancient Middle Eastern System, 900-600 BCE, In: Kaufman, S., Little R., Wohlforth, W. (eds.): The Balance of Power in World History,Palgrave,New York, s. 47-70.

KEEGAN, J. (2004): Historie válečnictví. Beta, Praha, 364 s.

KIRBY, M., GOODWIN, M. (2008): Operational Research as Counterfactual History: A Retrospective Analysis of the Use of Battlefield Nuclear Weapons in the German Invasion of

FranceandFlanders, May-June 1940. Journal of Strategic Studies, 31, č. 4, s. 633-660.

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Performance? Journal of Strategic Studies, 31, č. 1, s. 3-40.

KREPINEVICH, A. (1994): Cavalry to Computer; the Pattern of Military Revolutions. The

National Interst, 37, fall 1994, s. 30-42.

MANDELBAUM, M. (1998): Is Major War Obsolete? Survival, 40, č. 4, s. 20-38.

MEARSHEIMER, J. (2001): Tragedy of Great Power Politics. Norton & company, New York,  555 s.

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296 s.

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POSEN, B. (2003): Command of the Commons, International Security, 28, č. 1, s. 5-46.

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Rommel, E. (1937 [2011]): Attacks. Athena Pr., 325 pp.

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to Command and the Adoption ofMissionCommand (Auftragstaktik). The Journal of

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ResourceExtractiveState. Security Studies, 15, č. 3, s. 464-495.

TAYLOR, B., BOTEA, R. (2008): Tilly Tally: War-Making and State-Making in the ContemporaryThird World. International Studies Review, 10, s. 27-56.

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Europe.CambridgeUniversityPress,Cambridge, 294 s.

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Požadavky ke zkoušce - angličtina
Poslední úprava: RNDr. Jan Kofroň, Ph.D. (15.02.2016)

Assessment:  20 % in class activity, 50 % final paper (5-6 000 words, including footnotes, literature, tables/figures etc.), 15 % take home assignment (One practical problem to solve), 15 % a short critical presentation of an article (or a book) dealing with the issue of modern war(fare).

 

Take home asigment - prepare a short written report (2-3 pages) offering a solution to a selected problem.

Presentation - prepare a presentation lasting 10-12 minutes. You should deliver a clear message regarding the usefulnes or scholarly value of a selected book/article.

 

For actual deadlines see ppt presentation from the first class (in Documents) 

Sylabus - angličtina
Poslední úprava: RNDr. Jan Kofroň, Ph.D. (15.02.2016)

 ON WAR II. (2nd semester)

 

1) Organization, deadlines, demands and a brief outline of the course.

 

2) WWII - strategic and tacticallevel

  a) Strategic issues (natural resources, alliances, etc.)

  b) Strategic role of air power (readPape1996)

  c) Strategic role of sea powerand land power (ibid)

  d) Close air support

  b) Vertical outflank

  c) Tanks - from a strategic offensive weapon to a tactical   defensive supplement

 

3) Nuclear Weapons

  a) Strategic - MAD: the end of a great power war forever? (Mearsheimer 2001)

  b) Tactical - nuclear battlefield: (counterfactual analysis) (Kirby, Goodwin 2008)

 

Blok I: Sources o fbattlefield effectiveness; or how to win a battle

 

4) Air support, when and how it is effective?
-Strategic bombing (Haun, Jackson 2016)
-Tactical bombing - air support (Press 2001)
5) Technology and RMA - hot air or the key variable?
-Precisionguidedmunition, itseffects (Mearshiemer 1983)
-Information based warfare (Krepinevitch 1994)
6) Force employment - an alternative to technological theories?
-The theory (Biddle 2004)
-Operation Goodwood (Biddle 2004)
-Desert Storm (Biddle 1996)
7) Hybrid and asymetric warfare - what is so novel?
-Lebanon 2006 Case (Biddle, Friedman2008)
-Afghanistan 2002-? (Biddle 2005)

 

Block II: Generating military might - broader issues

 

8) Political and Societal sources of battlefield performance
-Economic development (Beckley 2010)
-Political/Social/Class cohesion
9) Dictatorialregimes - ultimate threat or paper tigers? (Talmadge 2015)
-Personalist regimes
-Single party systems
10) Helping now, hurting in the long run; effects of military assistence on military power of small powers (Talmadge 2015)
-South Vietnam
-Iraq
11) Economic globalization and arms industry (Devore 2013)
-Basic arguments
-Different effects on different states?

 
12) final discussion: military inovations - adapting to current threats and preparing for future conflicts

 

 
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