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Předmět, akademický rok 2022/2023
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War, the State and Society I - JPM599
Anglický název: War, the State and Society I
Zajišťuje: Katedra politologie (23-KP)
Fakulta: Fakulta sociálních věd
Platnost: od 2020
Semestr: zimní
E-Kredity: 6
Způsob provedení zkoušky: zimní s.:
Rozsah, examinace: zimní s.:2/0, Zk [HT]
Počet míst: 50 / neurčen (35)
Minimální obsazenost: neomezen
Virtuální mobilita / počet míst pro virtuální mobilitu: ne
Stav předmětu: vyučován
Jazyk výuky: angličtina
Způsob výuky: prezenční
Způsob výuky: prezenční
Poznámka: předmět je možno zapsat mimo plán
povolen pro zápis po webu
při zápisu přednost, je-li ve stud. plánu
Garant: RNDr. Jan Kofroň, Ph.D.
Vyučující: RNDr. Jan Kofroň, Ph.D.
Třída: Courses not for incoming students
Soubory Komentář Kdo přidal
stáhnout ON WAR I. L2 broader significance.pptx Presentation 2: broader significance RNDr. Jan Kofroň, Ph.D.
stáhnout ON WAR L1 2015_16.ppt 1st class presentation RNDr. Jan Kofroň, Ph.D.
Anotace -
Poslední úprava: RNDr. Jan Kofroň, Ph.D. (31.10.2019)
Kurz se zaměřuje význam vojenství a válek pro formování (nejen moderního národního) státu a jeho vztahu se společností.
Kurz je přibližně ohraničen 1. sv. válkou - modernější témata jsou probírána v navazujícím kurzu.
Kurz je nicméně vyučován v AJ...

Cíl předmětu - angličtina
Poslední úprava: RNDr. Jan Kofroň, Ph.D. (24.09.2013)

The aim of this course is to introduce students into the issues of war and battle activity.  The key issues discussed include: (i) Ability of political units to wage a war; (ii) Strategic feasibility of conflict; (iii) Role of space and distance in military affairs (strategic and tactical level); (iv) Tactical patterns on the battlefield. The course is structured along three basic military levels - strategic, operational and tactical. ON WAR I. discusses military issues from ancient Greece to 1st WW. Modern epoch is discussed in the ON WAR II course, which takes place at the summer semester.


At the end of the semester students should be able to understand main aspects of wars in the pre-modern era. They should understand reasons for development in military issues over the past 2 000 years. In addition, effects of military competition on (i) international system formation and (ii) formation of modern nation-state will be discussed. Further students will gain notion of basic terms like strategy, tactic, or terms connected with military organization (like company, battalion, regiment, division etc.).



Podmínky zakončení předmětu - angličtina
Poslední úprava: RNDr. Jan Kofroň, Ph.D. (27.09.2020)

Assessment:  20 % in class activity, 25 % Group tasks, 55 % final test (or a research paper). 


Evaluation is performed in accordance to the Dean’s Provision.

Literatura -
Poslední úprava: Mgr. Jakub Stauber, Ph.D. (03.12.2021)

Key literature:

ANDRESKI, S. (1954): Military Organization and Society.UniversityofCaliforna Press,

Berkeley,Los Angeles, 238 s.

BIDDLE, S., FRIEDMAN, J. (2008): The 2006LebanonCampaign and the Future of Warfare: Implications for Army and Defense Policy.United StatesArmyWarCollege,Carlisle, 90 s.

BIDDLE, S. (2007): Strategy in War, Political Science & Politics. 40, č. 3, s. 461-456.

BIDDLE, S. (2004): Military Power, Explaining Victory and Defeat in ModernBattle.PrincetonUniversityPress,Princeton, 337 s.

BIDDLE, S. (1997): Victory misunderstood, What the Gulf War tells us about the future of

conflict. International Security, 21, č. 2, s. 139-179.

BIDDLE, S., ZIRCKLE, R. (1996): Technology, Civil-Military Relations, and War-fare in the

Developing World. Journal of Strategic Studies, 19, č. 2, s. 171-212.

BROOKS, S. (2005): Producing Security.PrincetonUniversityPress,Princeton, 316 s.

CEDERMAN, L., WARREN, C., SORNETTE, D. (2011): Testing Clausewitz: Nationalism,

Mass Mobilization, and the Severity of War. International Organization, 65, č. 4, s. 605-638.

CLAUSEWITZ, C. (2008): O válce. Academia, Praha, 749 s.

DESCH, M. (1996): War andStrongStates, Peace andWeakStates? International Organization, 50, č. 2, s. 237-268.

DEUDNEY, D. (2007): A Republic for Expansion: The Roman Constitution and Empire and

Balance-of-Power Theory. In: Kaufman, S., Little R., Wohlforth, W. (eds.): The Balance of

Power in World History,Palgrave,New York, s. 148-175.

ECKSTEIN, A. (2006): Mediterranean Anarchy, Interstate War, and the Rise ofRome.UniversityofCaliforniaPress, Berkeley, 394 s.

EVANS, M. (2004):ContinentalSchoolof Strategy. Land Warfare Studies Centre, Study

paper no. 305,Canberra, 173 s.

FARRELL, T. (2008): The Dynamics of British Military Transformation. International Affairs, vol. 84, no. 4, 777-808.

Foley, R. (2012): A Case Study in Horizontal Military Innovation: The German Army, 1916-1918. Journal of Strategic Studies, DOI:10.1080/01402390.2012.669737, 29 s.

GILPIN, R. (1981): War and Change in World Politics.Cambridge,CambridgeUniversity

Press, 272 s.

GOLDHAGEN, D. (1996): Hitler's Willing Executioners: Ordinary Germans and the Holocaust. Vintage, 656 s.

GRAY, C. (1999): Inescapable Geography. In: Sloan, G., Gray, C. (eds.): Geopolitics, Geography and Strategy. Frank Kass,London, s. 161-178.

HANSON, V. (1988): TheWestern Wayof War.UniversityofCaliforniaPress, Berkeley, 320 s.

HANSON, V. (2006): A War Like No Other: How the Athenians and Spartans Fought the

Peloponnesian War. Random House,New York, 416 s.

HOROWITZ, M. (2010): The Difusion of Military Power.PrincetonUniversityPress,Princeton, 273 p.

HOWARD (1977): War in Euroepean History.OxfordUniversityPress,London, 192 p.

Kadercan, B. (2012): Military Competition and the Emergence of Nationalism: Putting the Logic of Political Survival into Historical Context. International Studies Review, 14 č.3, s. 401-428.

KAUFMAN, S., WOHLFORTH, W. (2007): Balancing and Balancing Failure in Biblical Times: Assyria and the Ancient Middle Eastern System, 900-600 BCE, In: Kaufman, S., Little R., Wohlforth, W. (eds.): The Balance of Power in World History,Palgrave,New York, s. 47-70.

KEEGAN, J. (2004): Historie válečnictví. Beta, Praha, 364 s.

KIRBY, M., GOODWIN, M. (2008): Operational Research as Counterfactual History: A Retrospective Analysis of the Use of Battlefield Nuclear Weapons in the German Invasion of

FranceandFlanders, May-June 1940. Journal of Strategic Studies, 31, č. 4, s. 633-660.

KOBER, A. (2008): TheIsraelDefense Forces in the SecondLebanonWar: Why the Poor

Performance? Journal of Strategic Studies, 31, č. 1, s. 3-40.

KREPINEVICH, A. (1994): Cavalry to Computer; the Pattern of Military Revolutions. The

National Interst, 37, fall 1994, s. 30-42.

MANDELBAUM, M. (1998): Is Major War Obsolete? Survival, 40, č. 4, s. 20-38.

MEARSHEIMER, J. (2001): Tragedy of Great Power Politics. Norton & company, New York,  555 s.

MEARSHEIMER, J. (1983): Conventional Detterence.CornellUniversityPress,New York,

296 s.

OVERY, R. (1998):Russia’s War. Penguin,New York, 432 s.

PAPE, R. (1996): Bombing to Win.CornellUniversityPress, 366 s.

POSEN, B. (1985): The Sources of Military Doctrine:France,Britain, andGermanyBetween the World Wars.CornellUniversityPress,Ithaca, 288 p.

POSEN, B. (1993): Nationalism, the Mass Army, and Military Power. International security,

18, č. 2, s. 80-124.

POSEN, B. (2000): The War for Kosovo:Serbia’s Political-Military Strategy. International

Security, 24, č. 4, s. 39-84.

POSEN, B. (2003): Command of the Commons, International Security, 28, č. 1, s. 5-46.

PRESS, D. (2001): The Myth of Air Power in the Persian Gulf War and the Future of Warfare. International Security, 26, č. 2, s. 5-44.

Rommel, E. (1937 [2011]): Attacks. Athena Pr., 325 pp.

SHAMIR, E. (2010): The Long andWinding Road: TheUSArmy Managerial Approach

to Command and the Adoption ofMissionCommand (Auftragstaktik). The Journal of

Strategic Studies, 33, č. 5, s. 645-672.

SHEVE, D., STASAVAGE, D. (2010): Conscription of Wealth. International Organization,

64, č. 4, s. 529-561.

STRACHAN, H. (2005): The Lost Meaning of Strategy. Survival, 47, č. 3, s. 33-54.

TALIAFERRO, J. (2006):StateBuildingfor Future War: Neoclassical Realism and the

ResourceExtractiveState. Security Studies, 15, č. 3, s. 464-495.

TAYLOR, B., BOTEA, R. (2008): Tilly Tally: War-Making and State-Making in the ContemporaryThird World. International Studies Review, 10, s. 27-56.

TILLY, C. (1985): War Making and State Making as Organized Crime, In: Evans, P., Reuscheymer, D., Skocpol, T. (eds.): Bringing the State Back in.CambridgeUniversityPress,

Cambridge, s. 169-187.

TIN-BOR HUI, V. (2005): War and State Formation in AncientChinaand Early Modern

Europe.CambridgeUniversityPress,Cambridge, 294 s.

THIES, C. (2005): War, Rivalry, andStateBuildinginLatin America. American Journal of

Political Science, 49, č. 3, s. 451-465.

THIES, C. (2009): National Design andStateBuildingin Sub-SaharanAfrica. World Politics, 61, č. 4, s. 623-669.

WALTZ, K. (1954 [2001]): Man, the State and War, a Theoretical Analysis.UniversityofCaliforniaPress,New York, 263 s.

Metody výuky - angličtina
Poslední úprava: RNDr. Jan Kofroň, Ph.D. (14.10.2022)

in 2022/23 we will use zoom to enable on-line edication for those who cannot attend in person:


Jan Kofroň is inviting you to a scheduled Zoom meeting.

Jan Kofroň is inviting you to a scheduled Zoom meeting.

Topic: WSS_I
Time: Oct 14, 2022 09:30 AM Prague Bratislava
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Sylabus - angličtina
Poslední úprava: PhDr. Petr Bednařík, Ph.D. (17.11.2021)

In 2020/21 the class will take place via ZOOM (conditional on actual Covid situation)!


ON WAR I. (1st semester)


1)         a) Organization, requirements, sources of literature and data, etc.

            b) Key questions and puzzles;

            c) A brief introduction to key terms and concepts (tactics, strategy, operational level; Military forces and its division; systems of personal recruitment - Militia, Conscription,  Professional, Mercenary; War - Conventional war vs. asymmetric war; deterrence)


2)         Consequences of war

            a) War and its significance in the field of International Realations (Waltz 1959)

            b) Impact of war on the state formation (Taylor, Botea 2008)

            c) War, mass mobilization and social redistribution (Andreski 1954, Sheve, Stasavage 2010)


Block one, War in a historical perspective


3)         a) War in traditional societies (Keegan 1996)

            b) Battle of the ancient world (Hanson 1988 and 2006)

            c) Campaign and its logistic in the ancient world (Hanson 2006)


4)         Geostrategic aspects (Gilpin 1981 and Eckstein 2007)

            a) Basic strategic dilemmas

            c) Limitations to political and military participation of the people - an obstacle for          sustainable territorial aggrandizement (Stasavage 2011, Tin Bor Hui 2004)

            d) Profits and looses from territorial expansion (Gilpin 1981)

            e) War-propensity of the ancient system (Eckstein 2007)

            f) Sea - an (in)efficient obstacle?


5)         Examples

             a) Peloponnesian War (Hanson 2006)

             b) Punic Wars

             c) Wars in ancient China(Tin Bor Hui 2005)


6)         War and the birth of the modern International System I. (Howard 1977, Tilly            1985)

            a) From knights to mercenaries

            b) Mercantilism an economic strategy

            c) Economic (dis)incentives of war

            c) The birth of territorial states


7)         War and the birth of the modern international system II.

            a) From mercenaries to professionals (Howard 1977)

            b) Taxes, economic productivity and military might

            c) Napoleonic wars - the great transformation (Cederman et al. 2012)

            d) Nations at war, the birth of nationalism (Posen 1993, Kadercan 2012)

            e) Social and political consequences of war and mass mobilization (Andreski 1954,          Sheve, Stasavage 2012)


8)         The military art and thinking

            a) Tactics

            b) Strategy

            c) The role of technological progress

            d) Clausewitz (Clausewitz 2008)


9)         Examples

            a) Battles of Swiss mercenaries

            b) Thirty years war

            c) Napoleonic Wars and its battles

            d) Franco-Prussian War (Howard 2001)


Block Two, the birth of modern warfare


10)       The Revolution in Military Affairs - WWI

            a) Total war - economics as a fundament of military power

            b) Battle- the revolution (fire and maneuver) (Biddle 2004)

            c) War at sea

            d) First tanks and planes


11)       Examples

            a) German (planed) war economy

            b) Operation Michael (Biddle 2005)

            c) Italian front (Rommel 1937)

            d) Dardanelle - on the strategic (in)significance of the sea-born operations in       modern warfare


12)       Selected Issues of interest

            a) The role of space: a historical perspective

         b) ………..

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