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Geopolitics of the Middle East - JPM426
Anglický název: Geopolitics of the Middle East
Zajišťuje: Katedra politologie (23-KP)
Fakulta: Fakulta sociálních věd
Platnost: od 2015 do 2015
Semestr: letní
Body: 6
E-Kredity: 6
Způsob provedení zkoušky: letní s.:
Rozsah, examinace: letní s.:2/0 Zk [hodiny/týden]
Počet míst: 25 / neurčen (25)
Minimální obsazenost: neomezen
Stav předmětu: vyučován
Jazyk výuky: angličtina
Způsob výuky: prezenční
Další informace: http://magisterský kurz
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Garant: Zora Hesová, M.A.
Vyučující: Zora Hesová, M.A.
Anotace - angličtina
Poslední úprava: Zora Hesová, M.A. (26.02.2015)

Lecturer: Zora Hesová, MA
The series of lectures will examine the evolution of geopolitical system of the modern Middle East with particular attention to those factors that have emerged as prominent during recent years of upheaval (2011-2013).
Cíl předmětu - angličtina
Poslední úprava: Zora Hesová, M.A. (26.02.2015)

The course aims to provide an understanding of the geopolitical context in which Middle Eastern states were formed and evolved since roughly 1950 until the failure of the Arab spring. After a historical periodization the lectures will focus on geopolitical factors of state formation and nation building, global economy, regional political and confessional dynamics.

Literatura - angličtina
Poslední úprava: Zora Hesová, M.A. (21.02.2016)

Literature links: to JStor stable link. If the link does not work, log in into JStor and look for the article.


Session 3 Cold War

Coup d'État in Iran -  E.Abrahamian: The 1953 Coup in Iran; Mark J. Gasiorowski: The 1953 Coup D'etat in Iran

P. Slugglet: Cold War in the Middle East

N. Ashton: The Eisenhower Doctrine



Session 4  Middle East after 1991

R. Jervis: Understanding the Bush Doctrine 

Samuel Huntigton: The Lonely Superpower

David Rieff: Were Sanctions Right?

Michael Schwartz: Cities under siege in Iraq

Andrew Cockburn: Worth it


Session 5 Nationalism

Fouad Ajami: The End of Pan-Arabism


R. STEPHEN HUMPHREYS, THE STRANGE CAREER OF PAN-ARABISM,  in: BETWEEN MEMORY AND DESIRE, The Middle East in a Troubled Age, University of California Press 1999



Session 6 Islamism

POMEPS: Islamist Social Services

Jacob Olidort: The Politics of "Quietist" Salafism

Mona al-Ghobashy: Metamorphosis of Muslim Brotherhood

Ziad Munson: ISLAMIC MOBILIZATION: Social Movement Theory and the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood

B. Zollner: Prison Talk: The Muslim Brotherhood's Internal Struggle during Gamal Abdel Nasser's Persecution, 1954 to 1971




Session 7 Militaries and authoritarianism

Barry Rubin: The Military in Contemporary Middle East Politics

E. Bellin: The Robustness of Authoritarianism in the Middle East: Exceptionalism in Comparative Perspective

Marshall, Stacher: Egypt's Generals and Transnational Capital

Robert Springborg: The President and the Field Marshall: Civil-Military Relations in Egypt Today


Session 8 Oil, rents

 K. Chaudry: Economic Liberalization and the Lineages of the Rentier State

 Barnes, Jaffe: The Persian Gulf and the Geopolitics of Oil


Session 9 Reform and export of democracy

A. Hamzawy, N. Brown: The Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood: Islamist Participation in a Closing Political Environment

Asef Bayat: Activism and social development in the Middle East

Merlyna Lim: Clicks, Cabs, and Coffee Houses: Social Media and Oppositional Movements in Egypt, 2004-2011


Session 10 Arab Spring

Larbi Sadiki: Popupar Uprisings and Arab Democracy

POMEPS: Reflections on the Arab Uprising

Arab Human Development Report: Arab Spring: Demographics in a region in transition

Stephan-Linz: Democratization theory and the "Arab Spring"

Nathan Brown: Egypt’S Failed Transition

Steven Heydemann: Syria and the Future of Authoritarianism

Eva Bellin: Drivers of Democracy: Lessons from Tunisia



Session 11 Religion, identity and sectarianism

POMEPS: Rethinking Islamist Politics

POMEPS: The Politics of Sectarianism

USIP The Sunni-Shia Relations After the Iraq War

Steven Heydemann: Syria’s Uprising: sectarianism, regionalisation, and state order in the Levant

G. Abdo: Salafists and Sectarianism: Twitter and Communal Conflict in the Middle East


Session 12 Return of Geopolitics

 CFR: Saudi Arabia and the New Middle East

 Stéphane Lacroix: Saudi Islamists and the Arab Spring

Guido Steinberg: Qatar and the Arab Spring

Ana Echagüe: Emboldened yet vulnerable: the changing foreign policies of Qatar and Saudi Arabia 






Jean-Pierre Filiu, Les Arabes, leur destin et le nôtre, La Découverte, 2015

Marc Lynch, The Arab Uprisings Explained. New Contentious Politics in the Middle East, Columbia University Press, 2014

Rashid Khalidi, Sowing Crisis: The Cold War and American Dominance in the Middle East, Beacon Press, 2009

Fred Halliday, The Middle East in International Relations. Power, Politics and Ideology, Cambridge, 2005

Raymond Hinnebusch, The International Politics of the Middle East, Manchester University Press, 2003

Adeed Dawisha, Arab Nationalism in the Twentieth Century. From Triumph to Despair. Princeton 2003

R. Stephen Humphreys, Between Memory and Desire, The Middle East in a Troubled Age, University of California Press 1999



Articles with links:

Katerina Dalacoura,  The Arab Uprisings Two Years On: Ideology, Sectarianism and the Changing Balance of Power in the Middle East, Insight Turkey Vol. 15 / No 1 / 2013, pp. 75-89

Nick Danforth, Stop Blaming Colonial Borders for the Middle East's Problems, The Atlantic, Sept. 11, 2013

Fouad Ajami, The End of PanArabism, Foreign Affairs, 1978/9

Eva Bellin, The Robustness of Authoritarianism in the Middle East: Exceptionalism in Comparative Perspective, Comparative Politics, Vol. 36, No. 2 (Jan., 2004), pp. 139-157

Toby Craig Jones, America, Oil, and War in the Middle East, The Journal of American History June 2012

Lisa Wedeen, Beyond the Crusades: Why Samuel Huntington (and Bin Ladin) are Wrong, SSRC

Michael L. Ross, Does oil hinder democracy? World Politics 53 (April 2001),

Hanna Batatu, Some Observations on the Social Roots of Syria's Ruling, Military Group and the Causes for Its Dominance , Middle East Journal, Vol. 35, No. 3 (Summer, 1981), pp. 331-344

Juan Cole,  Marsh Arab Rebellion: Grievance, Mafias and Militias in Iraq, 2008

Olivier Roy, The Transformation of the Arab World, JoD, July 2012

Metody výuky - angličtina
Poslední úprava: Zora Hesová, M.A. (26.02.2015)

Lecture / Seminar

Požadavky ke zkoušce - angličtina
Poslední úprava: Ing. Karolina Duschinská, Ph.D. (03.02.2015)

The course consists of 6 bi-weekly sessions with 12 lectures. Attendance is required. Each class starts with a lecture followed by a discussion.

Participants will choose an area of interest in the first session from the list of the topics and will be given specific reading suggestions. Each participant will prepare a discussion entry for one of the sessions and write an essay at the end (2500 words). Participants are expected to participate actively during discussions.

Evaluation: attendance (10%); discussion entry (20%); general participation (20%); final essay (50%).

Sylabus - angličtina
Poslední úprava: Zora Hesová, M.A. (14.03.2016)

15. 02.







State formation and independence

22. 02.



Cold war




Middle East after 1991

14. 03.



 Modern ideologies: modernism, nationalism, socialism





21. 03



Oil, rents and authoritarian states 




Export and radicalistion of islamism

25. 04. 



Reform and the "export of democracy"




The Arab spring

9. 05.



Religion, identity and sectarianism




The Return of Geopolitics










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