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Předmět, akademický rok 2022/2023
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Methods in Geopolitics I - JPM100
Anglický název: Methods in Geopolitics I
Zajišťuje: Katedra politologie (23-KP)
Fakulta: Fakulta sociálních věd
Platnost: od 2021
Semestr: zimní
E-Kredity: 6
Způsob provedení zkoušky: zimní s.:
Rozsah, examinace: zimní s.:2/1, Z [HT]
Počet míst: neomezen / neurčen (25)
Minimální obsazenost: neomezen
Virtuální mobilita / počet míst pro virtuální mobilitu: ne
Stav předmětu: vyučován
Jazyk výuky: angličtina
Způsob výuky: prezenční
Způsob výuky: prezenční
Poznámka: předmět je možno zapsat mimo plán
povolen pro zápis po webu
při zápisu přednost, je-li ve stud. plánu
Garant: doc. Michel Perottino, Ph.D.
RNDr. Jan Kofroň, Ph.D.
Vyučující: RNDr. Jan Kofroň, Ph.D.
doc. Michel Perottino, Ph.D.
Třída: Courses not for incoming students
Je prerekvizitou pro: JPM101
Anotace - angličtina
Poslední úprava: RNDr. Jan Kofroň, Ph.D. (02.10.2019)
MT I. is dedicated for students at the beginning of their master's program (GPS). It is expected that enrolled students have not yet the final idea of their master thesis. Therefore, the aim of this seminar is (i) to present some basic advice on thesis writing, general requirements etc. (ii) to introduce students to basic issues of methodology.

General goals:

1) Introduce (new) students to peculiarities of thesis writing

2) Explain formal demands imposed by the IPS FSV

3) Discuss basic methodological choices

4) Present basic methods used in the discipline of political science, IR, geography, etc.

5) Help the students to prepare (tentative) outline and proposal of their master thesis.
Literatura - angličtina
Poslední úprava: RNDr. Jan Kofroň, Ph.D. (02.10.2019)

Useful literature dealing with qualitative and multhi-metod research, philosophy of the social science etc.


BENNETT, A., ELMAN, C. (2007): Case study methods in the international relations subfield Comparative Political Studies, Vol. 40, 2, pp. 170-194

BENNETT, A., ELMAN, C. (2006): Complex Causal Relationship and Case Study Methods: The Example of Path Dependence, Political Analysis, 14, s. 250-267.

BRAUMOELLER, B., GOERTZ, G. (2000): The methodology of necessary conditions. American Journal of Political Science, 44, č. 4, s. 844-858.

CHALMERS, A. (1999): What is the Think Called Science. Hackett Publishing Co.; 3 edition, Indianapolis, 200 s.

COLLIER, D. (2011): Understanding Process Tracing. PS Political science and politics, 44, č. 4, s. 823-830.

ELMAN, C. (2005): Explanatory Typologies in Qualitative Studies of International Politics. International Organization, 59, č. 2, s. 293-326.

Fearon, J. (1991): Counterfactuals and hypothesis testing. World Politics, 43, č. 2, s. 169-195.

Flyvbjerg, B. (2006): Five Misunderstandings About Case-Study Research. Qualitative Inquiry, 12, č. 2, s. 219-245.

George, A., Bennett, A. (2005): Case Studies and Theory Development in the Social Sciences. MIT Press, Cambridge, 350 s.

GERRING, J. (1999): What Makes a Concept Good? An Integrated Framework for Understanding Concept Formation in the Social Sciences. Polity31, č. 3, s. 357-393.

GERRING, J. (2004): What is a Case Study and What is it Good For? American Political Science Review, 98, č. 2, s. 341-354.

Gerring, J. (2006): Single Outcome Studies, A Methodological Primer, International Sociology, vol. 21, no. 5, s. 707-734.

Gerring, J. (2007): Is There a (Viable) Crucial-Case Method? Comparative Political Studies 40, č. 3, s. 231-53.

GERRING, J., MCDERMOTT, R. (2007): An Experimental Template for Case Study Research, American Journal of Political Science, Vol. 51, No.3, s. 688-701.

Gerring, J., Seawright, J. (2008): Case Selection Techniques in Case Study Research, A Menu of Qualitative and Quantitative Options. Political Research Quarterly, 61, no. 2, s. 294-308.

GERRING, J. (2010): Causal Mechanisms: Yes, But…, Comparative Political Studies, vol. 43, no. 11, s. 1499-1526.

GERRING, J. (2012a): Mere Description. British Journal of Political Science , forthcomming, 32 s.

Grynaviski, E. (2012): Contrasts, conterfactuals and causes. European Journal of International Relations, 0(0) forthcomming - s. 1-24.

KING, G., KEOHANE, R., VERBA, S. (1994): Designing Social Inquiry: Scientific Inference in Qualitative Research. Princeton University Press, Princeton, 300 s.

KOŘAN, M. (2009): Jakou cestou po pozitivismu? Pragmatismus a vědecký realismus a jejich role ve výzkumu mezinárodních vztahů. Mezinárodní vztahy, č. 1, s. 7-36.

Levy, J. (2008a): Case Studies: Types, Designs, and Logics of Inference. Conflict Management and Peace Science, 25, č. 1, s. 1-18.

LEVY, J. (2008b): Counterfactuals and Case Studies. In: Steffensmeier, J., Brady, H., Collier, D. (eds). Oxford Handbook of Political Methodology. Oxford University Press, New York, s. 627-644.

LIEBERMAN, A. (2005): Nested Analysis. American Political Science Review, 99, č. 3, s. 435-452.

Lijphart, A. (1971): Comparative Politics and Comparative Method. The American Political Science Review, 65, č. 3, s. 682-693.

MACDONALD, P. (2003): Useful Fiction or Miracle Maker: The Competing Epistemological Foundations of Rational Choice Theory. American Political Science Review, 97, č. 4, s. 551-565.

MAHONEY, J. (2000): Path Dependence in Historical Sociology. Theory and Society, 29, č. 4, s. 507-548.

MAHONEY, J. (2010): After KKV, The New Methodology of Qualitative Research, World Politics, Vol. 62, 1. s. 120-147.

MAHONEY, J., GOERTZ, D. (2004): The Possibility Principle: Choosing Negative Cases in Comparative Research. American Political Science Review, 98, č. 4, s. 653-669.

Monteiro, N., Ruby, K. (2009): IR and the False Promise of Philosophical Foundations, International Theory, 1, č. 1, s. 15-48.

RAGIN, C. (1987): Comparative Method, Moving Beyond Qualitative and Qantitative research, University of California Press, Los Angeles, 218 s.

RAGIN, C. (2008): Redesigning Social Inquiry: Fuzzy Sets and Beyond. University Of Chicago Press, Chicago, 240 s.

RUZZENE, A. (2012): Drawing Lessons from Case Studies by Enhancing Comparability. Philosophy of the Social Sciences, 42, č. 1, s. 99-120.

Sayer, A. (1992): Method in Social Science. Routledge, London, 313 s.

Sayer, A. (2000): Realism and Social Science. Sage Publications, London, 224 s.

Požadavky ke zkoušce - angličtina
Poslední úprava: RNDr. Jan Kofroň, Ph.D. (02.10.2019)

(i) Active participation, I do expect that students will read suggested readings and will be able to discuss this literature during the seminar.


(ii) Midterm test + homework related to topics discussed in class.


(iii) Final Test

(iv) Finally, students prepare outline of their master thesis by the end of the semester

Sylabus - angličtina
Poslední úprava: RNDr. Jan Kofroň, Ph.D. (27.09.2020)

IN 2020/21 the course (due to the COVID situation) will be taught via ZOOM + moodle.


1)      Intro

a.       Goals and organization of the course, assesment etc.

b.       Methodologies and methods – why we should care (examples)

2)      Types of arguments

a.       Descriptive

b.       Causal

c.       Normative

d.       Prescriptive

e.       Predictive

3)      Concepts and Measures

a.       Concepts

b.       Strategies of concept formation

c.       Measures

4)      Analyses

a.       Internal and external validity

b.       Sample size and representativness

c.       Sampling

d.       Reliability and validity

5)      Researching causal relationships

a.       Structural explanations

b.       Motivational explanations

c.       Interactive explanations

d.       Theory Building

6)      Causal analyses

a.       Causality

b.       Causal hypotheses

c.       Types of causal analyses

7)      Experiments

a.       With and without confounding

b.       Varieties of experiments

8)      Large N observational research

a.       Cross-sectional design

b.       Time series design

c.       Regression discontinuity design

9)      Case studies

a.       Case selection rules

b.       Within case studies

c.       Brief comparison with Large N studies

10)   Selected problems of causal inference

a.       Confounders (how to deal with the problem)

b.       Thinking about your reseach design in advance

c.       Combining large N studies and qualitative studies

11)   Logic of Inquiry vs. logic of presentation

a.       Reading and rewieving

b.       Data gathering

c.       Writing

d.       Speaking

12)   MA thesis project - presentations



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