Poslední úprava: Hana Kubátová, M.A., Ph.D. (15.02.2016)
Active Participation 30%
Writen Test 70%
Poslední úprava: Hana Kubátová, M.A., Ph.D. (16.05.2016)
To access the moodle course site, please go to https://dl1.cuni.cz/user/index.php?id=4685
Poslední úprava: Hana Kubátová, M.A., Ph.D. (25.04.2016)
ISRAEL: POLITICS & SOCIETY
Monday, April 25
Class # 1 Introduction, Syllabus Reading
Hana Kubátová, Kateřina Králová, Charles University in Prague
Class # 2 Historical Background
Irena Kalhousová, London School of Economics
This class looks into the historical background of Israel’s existence, focusing on ties between the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948 and Europe. Is Israel of Europe, even if not in Europe? And what is actually the connection between the European countries/European Union and Israel? These are the main questions the class seeks to answer.
Shlomo Avinieri, "The Presence of Eastern and Central Europe in the Culture and Politics of Contemporary Israel," in East European Politics & Societies, March 1996 10: 163-172.
Tuvia Friling, "Introduction to Israel Studies Special Volume: Israel and the Holocaust: Scars Cry Out for Healing," Israel Studies, 14:1, (Spring 2009).
Tuesday, April 26
This class offers a basic nevertheless much needed introduction into Zionism and the ideological foundations of the State of Israel. It introduces not only different strands of Zionism, but also shed light on divergent perspectives on what it means to be a Zionist today. A comparative perspective is offered here, looking how East-Central European Jewish experience fed into the establishment of a Jewish nationalist movement. This class also shows the evolving meaning Zionism as a term acquired throughout the past.
Class # 3 Zionism and the Ideological Foundations
Irena Kalhousová, London School of Economics
Daniel Gutwein, Left and Right Post‐Zionism and the Privatization of Israeli Collective Memory, Journal of Israeli History, 20:2-3, 9-42.
Brenner, Michael. Zionism: A Brief History, Markus Wiener Publishers, 2003, pp. 3-22, pp. 25-63.
Hertzberg, Arthur, The Zionist Idea: A Historical Analysis and Reader, The Jewish Publication Society of America, 1997, pp. TBA.
Class # 4 Political System of Israel
Jakub Záhora, Charles University
This class deals with the political system of the Israeli state. Apart from introducing the main bodies and institutions involved in the system, the class discusses its unique features which distinguish Israel from most other modern states. It further attends to how multiple Israeli identities express themselves politically.
Mahler, Gregory S. Politics and Government in Israel. Second Edition. New York: Rowman & Littlefield, 2011
Uri Ram, "Jerusalem, Tel Aviv and the Bifurcation of Israel," International Journal of Politics, Culture and Society, vol. 19, no. ½, 2005, pp. 21-33
Wednesday, April 27
Nimrod Goren (Mitvim Institute and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem)
Throughout the years since the establishment of Israel in 1948, four major pillars have been guiding Israel’s foreign policy: ensuring the existence of the state and improving its security; ensuring Israel’s international legitimacy and increasing the international recognition of Israel; promoting peacemaking efforts between Israel, its immediate Arab neighbors, and the broader Arab and Muslim world, and; enabling Israel to move beyond isolation toward integration into its surrounding regions - the Middle East, Europe, and the Mediterranean. Over time, the priorities given to each of these pillars have varied - according to domestic, regional, and global developments - but all remained key components of the foreign policy, political, and national security discourse in Israel.
Class # 5 Israel’s Foreign Policy: The Quest for Security and Recognition
The first lecture will look into the pillars of security and recognition, with a focus on the years of full-fledged Arab-Israeli conflict, on Israel’s attempts to gain international security guarantees, and on Israel’s efforts to promote recognition of its existence, of Jerusalem as its capital, and of its Jewish character.
Itamar Rabinovich, Waging Peace: Israel and the Arabs, 1948-2003, (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2004), pp. 1-37
Elie Podeh, "The Desire to Belong Syndrome: Israel and Middle Eastern Defense," Israel Studies 4(2), 1999, pp. 121-149 (see Student Information System)
Yair Evron, "An Israel-United States Defense Pact?," Strategic Assessment, 1(3), 1998, http://www.inss.org.il/publications.php?cat=21&incat=&read=606
Class # 6 Israeli Foreign Policy: The Quest for Peace and Regional Belonging
The second lecture will look into the pillars of peace and regional belonging, with a focus on the Israeli-Arab peace process which is taking place since the early 1990s, on agreements signed as well as on missed opportunities, on regional cooperation between Israel and Arab countries, and on Arab and European incentives for peace.
Itamar Rabinovich, Waging Peace: Israel and the Arabs, 1948-2003, (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2004), pp. 38-77
Daniel Bar-Tal, Eran Halperin and Neta Oren, "Socio-psychological barriers to peace making: The case of the Israeli Jewish society," Social Issues and Policy Review 4(1), 2010, pp. 63-109 (also available at: http://www.kas.de/upload/dokumente/2011/03/barriers_to_peace/chapter1.pdf)
Elie Podeh and Nimrod Goren, "Israel in the Wake of the Arab Spring: Seizing Opportunities, Overcoming Challenges, "Position paper for the 2013 Israeli Presidential Conference, June 2013 http://2013.presidentconf.org.il/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/Israel-in-the-Wake-of-the-Arab-Spring-Seizing-Opportunities-Overcoming-Challenges1.pdf
Thursday, April 28
Shlomo Hasson, Hebrew University in Jerusalem
Classes # 7 and 8 Religion and State
The first lecture examines the tension embedded in Israel being both Jewish and democratic state. This is an introductory lecture that portrays the political-conceptual dilemmas associated with the tension between nationhood, religion and citizenship.
Nationhood in Israel is closely associated with religious affiliation, since Israel was established under the United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine as a Jewish State (U.N. Resolution 181 from 1947). Yet, nationhood and religion often collide over the source of authority: is it the State Law or the commands of religion (Halachic Law)? To make things more complex, nationhood in Israel has complex relations with citizenship. Democracy implies that the State should be blind to ethnic-religious affiliations and treat all citizens as equal (whether one belongs to the majority of Israeli-Jews or to the minority of Arab-non Jews). Nationhood on the other hand, might be very sensitive to these affiliations, especially in a country which is in a state of war with neighboring Arab countries.
Some groups may wish to elevate the Jewish-religious or national component over democracy, while others may work in the opposite direction, in an attempt to elevate citizenship and democracy over the Jewish component. The results of these complex relations are different modes of democracy ranging between consociational, ethnic, liberal, multi-cultural and republican forms of democracy.
In the first lecture, I will clarify these tensions, and elaborate on the possible modes of democracy that may emerge.
The second lecture delves deeply into the concrete cleavages between religious and secular Israelis. This lecture portrays the sociological, political and economic dilemmas around which different cultural groups in Israel encounter each other. Although all these cleavages are associated with the tensions elaborated upon in the first lecture, in reality they take different concrete forms. One tension is associated with the State Law which provides religion monopoly over personal matters such as marriage and divorce. At this point freedom of choice in establishing a family collides with the aspiration of maintaining the unity of the people. Other tensions, which are elaborated in the lecture, are associated with the principles of equality, the rule of law and the nature of the public sphere.
The lecture will present the cultural map of Israel, the cleavages between the different cultural groups, and the forces that shape the relations between them. Based on this analysis, I will present several scenarios regarding the future relations between state and religion and their implications for Israel's democracy.
For the first lecture:
1. What is the meaning of a Jewish State?
2. How could Israel reconcile between particularistic (ethno-national) and universal (democratic) conceptions of the State?
For the second lecture:
3. What are the forces that shape the relations between different cultural groups in Israel?
4. What could be the consequences of these relations for the future of Israel as a democratic state?
Ruth Gavison. 2000. "Can Israel be both Jewish and democratic?""Moment Magazine, No. 6, Vol. 25. http://members.ngfp.org/Courses/Gavison/Moment.pdf
Shlomo Hasson. 2015. State and Religion in Israel: Possible Scenarios. The Joseph and Alma Gildenhorn Institute for Israel Studies, University of Maryland. http://israelstudies.umd.edu/Israel%202023%20State%20and%20Religion%20in%20Israel.pdf
Monday, May 2
Oded Haklai, Queens University
Most discussions of Israeli-Palestinian relations focus on the Palestinians living in the territories conquered by Israel in 1967. Less attention has been paid to the Jewish state’s relations with the Arab minority living within Israel. Since 1948, state-minority relations in Israel have transformed tremendously, sometimes in conjunction with shifts in the regional conflict as a whole. The two classes focus on the changing Israeli state-Arab minority relations over the decades, examining state policies toward, and treatment of, the minority (in the first class) and minority politics in relations to the state and the Jewish majority (in the second class).
Class # 10 Israel-Arab Minority Relations I
Peleg, Ilan and Dov Waxman. 2011. Israel’s Palestinians: The Conflict Within. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Chapter 5, pp. 133- 145.
Smooha Sammy. 2002. "The model of ethnic democracy: Israel as a Jewish and democratic state," Nations and Nationalism, Vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 475-504.
Class # 11 Israel-Arab Minority Relations II
Haklai, Oded. 2011. Palestinian Ethnonationalism in Israel. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. Introduction and Chapter 5, pp. 1-12 and pp. 112-145.
Ghanem, As’ad. 2001. The Palestinian Arab Minority in Israel, 1948-2000. Albany: SUNY Press, pp. 11-27 and 31-38.
Rekhes, Eli. 2007. "The Evolvement of an Arab Palestinian Minority in Israel," Israel Studies, Vol. 12, issue, 3, pp. 1-28.
Tuesday, May 3
Discussion with HE Gary Koren (11am in room J1037)