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Maritime security: Geopolitics of the Indian and Pacific Oceans - JMM674
Anglický název: Maritime security: Geopolitics of the Indian and Pacific Oceans
Český název: Maritime security: Geopolitics of the Indian and Pacific Oceans
Zajišťuje: Katedra severoamerických studií (23-KAS)
Fakulta: Fakulta sociálních věd
Platnost: od 2018
Semestr: zimní
E-Kredity: 5
Způsob provedení zkoušky: zimní s.:
Rozsah, examinace: zimní s.:1/1, Zk [HT]
Počet míst: neurčen / neurčen (20)
Minimální obsazenost: neomezen
Virtuální mobilita / počet míst: ne
Stav předmětu: nevyučován
Jazyk výuky: angličtina
Způsob výuky: prezenční
Poznámka: předmět je možno zapsat mimo plán
povolen pro zápis po webu
při zápisu přednost, je-li ve stud. plánu
Garant: PhDr. Jan Hornát, Ph.D.
Termíny zkoušek   Rozvrh   Nástěnka   
Anotace - angličtina
Poslední úprava: PhDr. Jan Hornát, Ph.D. (04.09.2015)
The South China Sea is a significant source of fisheries and possibly in the near future also of natural resources such as oil and natural gas. Given the rapid development of new offshore drilling technologies, the region represents great strategic and, most notably, economic potential. However, territorial claims of regional stakeholders overlap and cause increasing friction as to who will have access to resources, which according to some sources, are as vast as those in the Middle East. The friction is augmented by the political and economic strength of China and other regional states, which in turn act more aggressively vis-a-vis any regional incidents and territorial claims of their counterparts. It is not only the natural resources that spur pressure in the region, but also the vital trade lanes (the sea lines of communication, SLOCs) that pass through the South China Sea. The SLOCs are of major importance to China, which practically depends on their safety for its export-oriented economy - the security of maritime trading lines is thus another strategic factor that incites Beijing to be assertive in defending its territorial claims in the South China Sea.

Since China has a major stake in preserving the safety of SLOCs for the import of natural resources from Africa and the Middle East and the export of material goods, its maritime activities are expanding into the Indian Ocean, where they intersect with India, which aspires to a bold strategy of becoming the guarantor of the safety of SLOCs in the Indian Ocean and thereby views any Chinese activity in the region with anxiety. The United States, which still has the most powerful navy in the world and a traditionally strong presence both in the Pacific and the Indian Ocean, serves as a counterweight to the claims and aspirations of regional states - claiming to be neutral in questions of territorial issues, Washington can potentially play the role of a balancer or stabilizer in the case of regional conflict.

Tensions in the maritime regions of Eastern, Southeastern and Southern Asia are undoubtedly growing and certain analysts identify the region as having a high potential for future conflict. The role of regional multilateral organizations may play an important role in the event of mitigating conflict. However, the most important part will be played by the three regional powers - United States, China and India - and the interplay of their interests.
Cíl předmětu - angličtina
Poslední úprava: PhDr. Jan Hornát, Ph.D. (02.09.2015)

The aim of this course is to provide students with a broad overview of the contemporary dynamics and tensions in the region of the Indian and Pacific Oceans. The course will introduce students to international maritime law and its role in the various territorial disputes in the South and East China Seas. The aspirations of regional stakeholders will be analysed with respect to mutual frictions and overlaps of interests. The role of the United States and regional multilateral organizations (such as ASEAN) and their potential part in solving or mitigating conflict in the region will be discussed. The final seminar in the series will focus on the current aspirations of regional powers in the Artic Ocean, as the topic and the ensuing issues are in many ways analogical to problems in the Indo-Pacific region.

Podmínky zakončení předmětu - angličtina
Poslední úprava: PhDr. Jan Hornát, Ph.D. (01.10.2017)

Students will be required to participate actively in discussions and read compulsory readings - this will constitute 20 points of the overall grade

During the semester, each student will give a 5-10 minute "news flash" presentation regarding a contemporary issue linked to maritime security and/or territorial disputes in the Indo-Pacific* - this will constitute 30 points of the overall grade

At the end of the semester, students will hand in a 8-10 page research paper - this will constitute 50 points of the overall grade

In order to pass the course, students will need to gain at least 70 points (out of 100 possible)

*Students will choose topics for their presentation arbitrarily based on the monitoring of specialized internet news sites, such as:

Defense Industry Daily

The Diplomat

Defense News - Naval News

Asia Maritime Transparency Initiative

USNI News

SouthChinaSea.com

 

The length of compulsory readings for each seminar ranges from 20 to 30 pages.

 

Grading:

100 - 91 points: 1, A

90 - 81 points: 2, B

80 - 70 points: 3, C

 

Sanctions:

Late submission of final essay: -1 points/day

Student does not arrive for his/her “news flash” presentation without prior excuse: -20 points

 

Class Ethics:

(A) Any use of quoted texts in essays must be acknowledged. Such use must meet the following conditions:

1.       the beginning and end of the quoted passage must be shown with quotation marks

2.       when quoting from periodicals or books, the name(s) of author(s), book or article titles, the year of publication, and page from which the passage is quoted must all be stated in footnotes or endnotes;

3.       internet sourcing must include a full web address where the text can be found as well as the date the web page was visited by the author.

Please, use the style of Chicago Manual of Style.

(B) In case the use of any texts other than those written by the author is established without proper acknowledgement as defined in (A), the paper will be deemed plagiarized and handed over to the Disciplinary Commission of the Faculty of Social Sciences.

Literatura - angličtina
Poslední úprava: PhDr. Jan Hornát, Ph.D. (06.09.2015)
Recommended literature
  • Cole, Bernard D., Sea Lanes and Pipelines: Energy Security in Asia (Westport CT: Praeger Security International, 2008).
  • Cole, Bernard D., Asian Maritime Strategies: Navigating Troubled Waters (Annapolis MD: Naval Institute Press, 2013).
  • Mahnken, Thomas G (ed.), Competitive Strategies for the 21st Century: Theory, History, and Practice (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2012).
  • Garver, John W., Protracted Contest: Sino-Indian Rivalry in the Twentieth Century (Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press, 2001).
  • Latif, Amer S., U.S.-India Military Engagement: Steady as They Go (Washington DC: Center for Strategic and International Studies, 2012).
  • Tellis, Ashley J. and Sean Mirski (eds.), Crux of Asia: China, India, and the Emerging Global Order (Washington DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2013).
  • Schaffer, Teresita C., India and the United States in the 21st Century: Reinventing Partnership (Washington DC: Center for Strategic and International Studies, 2009).
  • Kugelman, Michael (ed.), India’s Contemporary Security Challenges (Washington DC: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, 2011).
  • Dombrowski, Peter and Andrew C. Winner (eds.), The Indian Ocean and US Grand Strategy: Ensuring Access and Promoting Security (Georgetown University Press, 2014).
  • Kaplan, Robert, Monsoon: The Indian Ocean and the Future of American Power (New York: Random House, 2010).
  • Kaplan, Robert, Asia's Cauldron: The South China Sea and the End of a Stable Pacific (New York: Random House, 2014).
  • Holmes, James R. and Toshi Yoshihara, Chinese Naval Strategy in the 21st Century: The Turn to Mahan (New York: Routledge, 2007).
  • Yoshihara, Toshi, James R. Holmes, Red Star over the Pacific: China's Rise and the Challenge to U.S. Maritime Strategy (Annapolis MD: Naval Institute Press, 2013).
Metody výuky - angličtina
Poslední úprava: PhDr. Jan Hornát, Ph.D. (29.09.2017)

Mostly lecture, part interactive seminar

Sylabus - angličtina
Poslední úprava: PhDr. Jan Hornát, Ph.D. (29.09.2017)

1. Geography of the region and natural resources (5.10.2017)

  • Recommended reading: Bernard D. Cole, Sea Lanes and Pipelines: Energy Security in Asia (Westport CT: Praeger Security International, 2008), chapter: "Geography of the Region", 12-24.

2. The law of the seas - UNCLOS (12.10.2017)

  • Compulsory reading: Robert Beckman, "The UN Convention on the Law of the Sea and the Maritime Disputes in the South China Sea", The American Journal of International Law 107:142, 2013, 142-163.
  • Recommended reading: Yann-huei Song & Stein Tønnesson, "The Impact of the Law of the Sea Convention on Conflict and Conflict Management in the South China Sea", Ocean Development & International Law 44:3, 2013, 235-269,

3. Security of sea lines of communication (SLOCs) (19.10.2017)

  • Compulsory reading: Bernard D. Cole, Sea Lanes and Pipelines: Energy Security in Asia (Westport CT: Praeger Security International, 2008), chapters 5 & 6 :"Getting the Oil: Ships at Sea" and "Threats to the Sea Lines of Communication", 73-94.
  • Recommended reading: Euan Graham, "Maritime Security and Threats to Energy Transportation in Southeast Asia", The RUSI Journal 160:2, 2015, 20-31.

4. Class cancelled (26.10.2017)

5. Territorial disputes - South China Sea, East China Sea, Sea of Japan (2.11.2017)

  • Compulsory reading 1: Masahiro Miyoshi, "China's 'U-Shaped Line' Claim in the South China Sea: Any Validity Under International Law?", Ocean Development & International Law 43:1, 2012, 1-17.
  • Compulsory reading 2: Ryoko Nakano, "The Sino-Japanese territorial dispute and threat perception in power transition", The Pacific Review, 16 March 2015, 1-22.
  • Recommended reading: Ramses Amer, "China, Vietnam, and the South China Sea: Disputes and Dispute Management", Ocean Development & International Law 45:1, 2014, 17-40.

6. Current and historical presence of the United States in the region (9.11.2017)

  • Compulsory reading: Andrew S.Erickson, Walter C. Ladwig III and Justin D. Mikolay, "Diego Garcia and the United States’ Emerging Indian Ocean Strategy", Asian Security 6:3, 2010, 214-237.
  • Recommended reading: James R.Holmes and Toshi Yoshihara "China and the United States in the Indian Ocean", Naval War College Review 61:3, 2008, 41-60.

7. China' stakes - trade and energy security (16.11.2017)

  • Compulsory reading: Marc Lanteigne,"China’s Maritime Security and the 'Malacca Dilemma'", Asian Security 4:2, 2008, 143-161.
  • Recommended reading: Lou Chunhao, "US-India-China Relations in the Indian Ocean: A Chinese Perspective", Strategic Analysis 36:4, 2012, 624-639.

8. India's aspirations (23.11.2017)

  • Compulsory reading: Iskander Rehman, "India’s fitful quest for seapower", India Review, 16 (2), 2017: 226-265
  • Recommended reading 1: R.S. Vasan (2012) India's Maritime Core Interests, Strategic Analysis 36:3, 2012, 413-423.
  • Recommended reading 2: Vijay Sakhuja, (2013) "Security in the Maritime Commons: India’s Perspective" in Ashley J. Tellis and Sean Mirski (eds.) Crux of Asia: China, India, and the Emerging Global Order (Washington DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2013), 155-164.
  • Recommended reading 3: Mohan Malik, "India Balances China", Asian Politics & Policy 4:3, 2012, 345-376.

9. Military spending and strategies of regional stakeholders (30.11.2017)

  • Compulsory reading: Kamlesh K Agnihotri, "Naval Power Dynamics in the Western Pacific Ocean: Impact on the Maritime Situation in East and South China Seas", Maritime Affairs: Journal of the National Maritime Foundation of India 9:2, 2013, 4-19.
  • Recommended reading 1: M. Taylor Fravel and Christopher P. Twomey, "Projecting Strategy: The Myth of Chinese Counter-intervention", The Washington Quarterly 37:4, 171-187.
  • Recommended reading 2: Shishir Upadhyaya, "Maritime security cooperation in the Indian Ocean Region: The role of the Indian Navy", Australian Journal of Maritime & Ocean Affairs 6:4, 2014, 173-190.

10. Air-Sea Battle and the US "pivot" to Asia-Pacific (7.12.2017)

  • Compulsory reading: Matteo Dian, "The Pivot to Asia, Air-Sea Battle and contested commons in the Asia Pacific region", The Pacific Review 28:2, 2015, 237-257.
  • Recommended reading: Christian Le Mière, "America's Pivot to East Asia: The Naval Dimension", Survival: Global Politics and Strategy, 54:3, 2012, 81-94.

11. ASEAN and multilateralism in the Indo-Pacific (14.12.2017)

  • Compulsory reading: Bernard D. Cole, Sea Lanes and Pipelines: Energy Security in Asia (Westport CT: Praeger Security International, 2008), chapter: "Maritime Security and Multilateralism in Asia", 159-178.
  • Recommended reading: Suisheng Zhao, "China's Approaches toward Regional Cooperation in East Asia: motivations and calculations", Journal of Contemporary China 20:68, 2011, 53-67.

12. Contemporary developments in the Artic area - parallels between South China Sea disputes (21.12.2017)

  • Compulsory reading: Ian G. Brosnan , Thomas M. Leschine & Edward L. Miles, "Cooperation or Conflict in a Changing Arctic?", Ocean Development & International Law 42:1-2, 2011, 173-210.
  • Recommended reading: Shiloh Rainwater, "China's Arctic Strategy And Its Implications," Naval War College Review 66:2, 2013, 62-82.
Vstupní požadavky - angličtina
Poslední úprava: PhDr. Jan Hornát, Ph.D. (02.09.2015)

None

Požadavky k zápisu - angličtina
Poslední úprava: PhDr. Jan Hornát, Ph.D. (02.09.2015)

None

 
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