PředmětyPředměty(verze: 850)
Předmět, akademický rok 2018/2019
  
Promoting democracy abroad: the US and the EU in third countries - JMM673
Anglický název: Promoting democracy abroad: the US and the EU in third countries
Zajišťuje: Katedra severoamerických studií (23-KAS)
Fakulta: Fakulta sociálních věd
Platnost: od 2018 do 2018
Semestr: zimní
Body: 5
E-Kredity: 5
Způsob provedení zkoušky: zimní s.:
Rozsah, examinace: zimní s.:1/1 Zk [hodiny/týden]
Počet míst: 20 / neurčen (30)
Minimální obsazenost: neomezen
Stav předmětu: vyučován
Jazyk výuky: angličtina
Způsob výuky: prezenční
Poznámka: předmět je možno zapsat mimo plán
povolen pro zápis po webu
při zápisu přednost, je-li ve stud. plánu
Garant: PhDr. Jan Hornát, Ph.D.
Vyučující: PhDr. Jan Hornát, Ph.D.
Anotace - angličtina
Poslední úprava: PhDr. Jan Hornát, Ph.D. (18.09.2018)
The promotion of democracy as such or the assistance provided to nascent democratic regimes around the world has become an integral part of the foreign policies of both the United States and the European Union since the end of the 1980s. The goal of advancing democratic governance abroad is linked to the premise that democracy - on the level of domestic politics - fosters above all good governance, rule of law and economic well-being of its citizens and - on the level of international relations - creates peaceful and mutually beneficial relations due to market interdependence and the accountability of democratic politicians to voters. The forms and strategies that are employed to foster and assist democracies around the world are various and range from rhetorical pledges to support democratic developments of Western policymakers to the most intrusive form - targeted intervention to force regime change.In formulating policies connected to democracy promotion and democracy assistance, many factors come into play. One of the fundamental factors is the ideological or normative underpinning of the policy, which is crucial for the moral justification of democracy promotion both within the international community and the domestic population of the donor state; material and strategic interests of the donor also come into play allocating finances and designing programs towards particular states and regions.

After the end of the Cold War and throughout the 1990s, the primary stage for democracy promotion was Eastern Europe and the post-Soviet space. The aim of the US was to help the consolidation of "market democracies" - a term that both encompasses the ideological and material interests of Washington in the region; for the EU the goal was the potential accession of these states to the Union, thus representing a strategic and also material interest. The 2000s saw the democracy promotion stage shift to countries of North Africa and the Middle East as the former communist countries of Eastern Europe became fairly consolidated democracies and became part of the European Union. More recently the EU aims to "streamline" democracy and human rights promotion into all of its external activities and the US, in reaction to the Arab Spring and the crisis in Ukraine, has been more vocal in support of democratic developments around the world, despite President Barack Obama's initial toning down of rhetoric with respect to democracy promotion.

Understanding the dynamics of democracy promotion, the instruments used to further this goal, the stakeholders involved and the interests and norms that underlie the policies is thus crucial for understanding contemporary foreign policy of the Unites States and the European Union.
Cíl předmětu - angličtina
Poslední úprava: PhDr. Jan Hornát, Ph.D. (02.09.2015)

The aim of this course is to map out the ideological/normative tenets that underlie democracy promotion policies of the United States and the European Union, to identify the instruments and institutions involved in the process of assisting democratic governance in third countries and point out the contradictions that such policies raise in the donor and recipient countries. The course will discuss key concepts in the field of democracy promotion and in this sense it will also focus on providing various definitions of the type and form of "democracy" that is, in fact, being promoted by the US and the EU; it will also analyze accounts of scholars from non-Western states, which scrutinize whether and under which circumstances Western liberal democracy takes root in their societies and what potentially potentially different characteristics these democracies possess.

Podmínky zakončení předmětu - angličtina
Poslední úprava: PhDr. Jan Hornát, Ph.D. (17.09.2019)

Students will be required to read assigned texts and participate actively in discussions - this will constitute 20 % of the overall grade

In midterm, students will hand in a 1000-1200 word essay on the topic of "Is promoting democracy a moral imperative?" - this will constitute 30 % of the overall grade (due date: 8 November 2019)

At the end of the semester, students will hand in a 1600-2300 word essay (topic of own choice, but related to course) - this will constitute 50 % of the overall grade (due date: 10 January 2020)

In order to pass the course, students will need to gain at least 50 % (out of 100 possible)

Grading:

100 - 91 % : A

90 - 81 % : B

80 - 71 % : C

70 - 61 % : D

60 - 51 %: E

less than 51 %: F (fail)

Sanctions:

Late submission of midterm or final essay: -3 %/day

 

Class Ethics:
(A) Any use of quoted texts in essays must be acknowledged. Such use must meet the following conditions:

  1. the beginning and end of the quoted passage must be shown with quotation marks

  2. when quoting from periodicals or books, the name(s) of author(s), book or article titles, the year of publication, and page from which the passage is quoted must all be stated in footnotes or endnotes;

  3. internet sourcing must include a full web address where the text can be found as well as the date the web page was visited by the author.

Please, use the style of Chicago Manual of Style.

(B) In case the use of any texts other than those written by the author is established without proper acknowledgement as defined in (A), the paper will be deemed plagiarized and handed over to the Disciplinary Commission of the Faculty of Social Sciences.

 
Literatura - angličtina
Poslední úprava: PhDr. Jan Hornát, Ph.D. (06.09.2015)
Recommended literature
  • Daniel Bell, Beyond Liberal Democracy: Political Thinking for an East Asian Context (Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press, 2006).
  • Michael E. Brown, Sean M. Lynn-Jones, Steven E. Miller, eds., Debating the Democratic Peace, (Cambridge MA: MIT Press, 1999).
  • Robert A. Dahl, On Democracy (New Haven CT: Yale University Press, 1998).
  • Immanuel Kant, Perpetual Peace (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1903).
  • Karen A. Rasler and William R. Thompson, Puzzles of Democratic Peace: Theory, Geopolitics and the Transformation of World Politics (New York: Palgrave MacMillan, 2005).
  • Joseph Schumpeter, Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy (London: Taylor & Francis, 2003).
  • Michael Cox, Timothy J. Lynch, and Nicolas Bouchet, eds., US Foreign Policy and Democracy Promotion: From Theodore Roosevelt to Barack Obama (New York: Routledge, 2013).
  • Michael Cox, John G. Ikenberry, Takashi Inoguchi eds., American Democracy Promotion: Impulses, Strategies, and Impacts (New York: Oxford University Press, 2000).
  • Noam Chomsky, Deterring Democracy (New York: Hill and Wang, 1991).
  • William Robinson, Promoting Polyarchy: Globalization, US Intervention, and Hegemony (New York NY: Cambridge of University Press, 1996).
  • Thomas Carothers, Aiding democracy abroad : the learning curve (Washington: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 1999).
  • Thomas Carothers, Confronting the Weakest Link : Aiding Political Parties in New Democracies (Washington: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2006).
  • Jeff Bridoux and Milja Kurki, Democracy Promotion: A Critical Introduction (Abingdon: Taylor & Francis: 2014).
  • Joshua Muravchik, Exporting Democracy : Fulfilling America`s Destiny (Washington, D.C.: American Enterprise Institute, 1991).
  • Guillermo O'Donnell and Philippe C. Schmitter, Transitions from Authoritarian Rule: Tentative Conclusions about Uncertain Democracies (Baltimore MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1986).
  • Zhao Suisheng (ed.), China and Democracy: Reconsidering the Prospects for a Democratic China (New York: Routledge, 2000).
  • Ian Shapiro, Democracy's Place (Ithaca NY: Cornell University Press, 1996).
  • James W. Ceaser, Liberal Democracy and Political Science (Baltimore MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1990).
  • Ralf Dahrendorf, Reflections on the Revolution in Europe (London: Chatto & Windus, 1990).
  • Larry Diamond, Promoting Democracy in the 1990s: Actors and Instruments (Washington, D.C.: Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict, 1995).
  • Larry Diamond, The spirit of democracy : the struggle to build free societes throughout the world (New York : A Holt Paperback, 2009).
  • Jeremy Kinsman and Kurt Bassuener, A Diplomat's handbook for democracy development support (Washington, DC: Council for a Community of Democracies, 2013).
  • Amichai Magen, Michael McFaul and Thomas Risse, Promoting Democracy and the Rule of Law: American and European Strategies (New York: Palgrave-McMillan, 2009).
  • Richard Youngs, The European Union and Democracy Promotion: A Critical Global Assessment (Baltimore MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2010).
Metody výuky - angličtina
Poslední úprava: PhDr. Jan Hornát, Ph.D. (02.09.2015)

Part lecture - part interactive seminar

Sylabus - angličtina
Poslední úprava: PhDr. Jan Hornát, Ph.D. (17.09.2019)

1. Introduction to the course - whither democratic governance in the world? (2.10.2019)

2. Defining key terms and conceptualising democracy promotion (9.10.2019)

Discussion: Types and approaches to democracy assistance

  • Compulsory reading 1: Jeffrey Kopstein, "The transatlantic divide over democracy promotion", The Washington Quarterly 29 (2), 2006: 85-98.
  • Compulsory reading 2: Thomas Carothers, "Democracy assistance: political vs. developmental?" Journal of Democracy 20:1, 2009, 5-19.
  • Recommended reading: Adrian Leftwich, "Democracy and development: Is there institutional incompatibility?" Democratization 12 (5), 2005: 686-703.

3. What is being promoted? The contestability of democracy (16.10.2019)

Discussion: Models of democracy

  • Compulsory reading: Sheri Berman, "The past and future of social democracy and the consequences for democracy promotion" in Christopher Hobson and Milja Kurki (eds.), The Conceptual Politics of Democracy Promotion (New York: Routledge, 2012), 68-84.
  • Recommended reading 1: Robert Dahl, Shapiro, Ian, and Cheibub, José Antonio (eds.) Democracy Sourcebook (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2003), chapter 1: "Defining Democracy", 1-54.
  • Recommended reading 2: Milja Kurki, "Democracy and Conceptual Contestability: Reconsidering Conceptions of Democracy in Democracy Promotion", International Studies Review 12 (3), 2010: 363–364.

4. Theories supporting democracy promotion - democratic peace, modernisation theory (23.10.2019)

Discussion: Strengthening authoritarians through democracy promotion?

  • Compulsory reading 1: Brian Klaas, "Introduction: Accessory to Authoritarianism", The Despot's Accomplice: How the West is Aiding and Abetting the Decline of Democracy (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016), 1-21.
  • Recommended reading 1: Bruce Russet, "The Fact of Democratic Peace" in Michael E. Brown, Sean M. Lynn-Jones, Steven E. Miller (eds.), Debating the Democratic Peace (Cambridge MA: MIT Press, 1999), 58-82.
  • Recommended reading 2: Adam Przeworski and Limongi Fernando in "Modernization: Theories and Facts", World Politics 49 (2), 1997: 155-183.
  • Recommended reading 3: Vincentc Durac and Francesco Cavatorta, "Strengthening Authoritarian Rule through Democracy Promotion? Examining the Paradox of the US and EU Security Strategies: The Case of Bin Ali's Tunisia", British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 36 (1), 2009: 3-19.
  • Recommended reading 4: John M. Owen, "How Liberalism Produces Democratic Peace" in Michael E. Brown, Sean M. Lynn-Jones, Steven E. Miller (eds.), Debating the Democratic Peace, (Cambridge MA: MIT Press, 1999), 116-154.

5. Normative underpinning of democracy promotion (30.10.2019)

Discussion: Democracy promotion as a moral responsibility?

  • Compulsory reading: Michael McFaul, "Democracy promotion as a world value", The Washington Quarterly 28 (1), 2004: 147-163.
  • Recommended reading 1: Jonathan Monten, "The Roots of the Bush Doctrine: Power, Nationalism, and Democracy Promotion in U.S. Strategy", International Security 29:4, 2005, 112-156.
  • Recommended reading 2: Ian Manners, "Normative Power Europe: A Contradiction in Terms?" Journal of Common Market Studies 40:2, 2002, 235-258.
  • Recommended reading 3: Joshua Muravchik, Exporting Democracy: Fulfilling America`s Destiny (Washington, D.C.: American Enterprise Institute, 1991), chapter 1: "The Strength of Democratic Ideals", 1-11.
  • Recommended reading 4: John G. Ikenberry, "America's Liberal Grand Strategy: Democracy and National Security in the Post-war Era" in Michael Cox, John G. Ikenberry, Takashi Inoguchi eds., American Democracy Promotion: Impulses, Strategies, and Impacts (New York: Oxford University Press, 2000), 103-126.

6. Democratic transitions - processes and critical junctures (6.11.2019)

Discussion: Social consequences of political transformations

  • Compulsory reading: Miroslav Vanek and Pavel Mucke, Velvet Revolutions: An Oral History of Czech Society (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016), chapters 1 and 5, "I Want to be Free! Civil and Political Rights" (15-42) and "From Mandatory Employment to Unemployment" (114-144).
  • Recommended reading 1: Edward D. Mansfield and Jack Snyder, "Democratization and the Danger of War" in Michael E. Brown, Sean M. Lynn-Jones, Steven E. Miller (eds.), Debating the Democratic Peace, (Cambridge MA: MIT Press, 1999), 301-334.
  • Recommended reading 2: Daniel Chirot, "Does Democracy Work in Deeply Divided Societies?" in Is Democracy Exportable?, edited by Zoltan Barany, and Robert G. Moser (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009).

7. Non-Western perspectives on democracy and its promotion (13.11.2019)

Discussion: Flaws in liberal democracy according to non-Western thinkers

  • Compulsory reading: Bai Tongdong, "A Confucian Improvement of Democracy", New Perspectives Quarterly 29:1, 2012, 12-39.
  • Recommended reading: Bhikhu Parekh, "The Cultural Particularity of Liberal Democracy", Political Studies 40:s1, 1992, 160-175.

8. Historical evolution of democracy promotion instruments and institutions I: the US (20.11.2019)

Discussion: Undermining of democracy promotion efforts by third parties

  • Compulsory reading 1: Oz Hassan, "Undermining the transatlantic democracy agenda? The Arab Spring and Saudi Arabia's counteracting democracy strategy", Democratization 22 (3), 2015: 479-495.
  • Recommended reading 1: Melinda A. Haring, Reforming the Democracy Bureaucracy (Philadelphia PA: Foreign Policy Research Institute, 2013).
  • Recommended reading 2: Nelli Babayan, "The return of the empire? Russia's counteraction to transatlantic democracy promotion in its near abroad," Democratization 22 (3), 2015: 438-458.
  • Recommended reading 3: Tanja A. Börzel and Thomas Risse, "Venus Approaching Mars? The European Union's Approaches to Democracy Promotion in Comparative Perspective" in Amichai Magen, Michael McFaul and Thomas Risse, Promoting Democracy and the Rule of Law: American and European Strategies (New York: Palgrave-McMillan, 2009), 34-60.

9. Historical evolution of democracy promotion instruments and institutions II: the EU (27.11.2019)

Discussion: Women and democratic transitions

  • Compulsory reading: Georgina Waylen, "Women and Democratization: Conceptualizing Gender Relations in Transition Politics," World Politics 46 (3), 1994: 327-354.
  • Recommended reading 1: Shirin M. Rai, "Gender and democratization: Or what does democracy mean for women in the Third World?" Democratization 1 (1), 1994: 209-228.
  • Recommended reading 2: Sharon L. Wolchik, "Gender and the Politics of Transition in the Czech Republic and Slovakia" in Jane S. Jaquette and Sharon L. Wolchik (eds.), Women and Democracy: Latin America and Central and Eastern Europe (Baltimore MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998).

10. The role of non-governmental institutions in democracy promotion (4.12.2019)

Discussion: The NGO sector and the promotion of liberal values

  • Compulsory reading: James M. Scott, "Transnationalizing democracy promotion: The role of Western political foundations and think‐tanks", Democratization 6:3, 1999, 146-170.
  • Recommended reading: Sheri Berman, "Re-integrating the Study of Civil Society and the State" in Zoltan Barany and Robert G. Moser (eds.), Is Democracy Exportable? (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009).

11. To promote or not to promote? Criticism of democracy promotion in the US and the EU (11.12.2019)

Discussion: Democracy promotion as a tool of the „West“ to control the „Rest“?

  • Compulsory reading: William I. Robinson, "Globalization, the World System and 'Democracy Promotion' in U.S. Foreign Policy", Theory and Society 25:5, 1996, 615-665.
  • Recommended reading: Joel Lazarus, "Contesting the hegemony of democracy promotion: towards the demos", Critical Policy Studies 8:1, 2014, 41-60.

12. Case studies - promoting democracy in Iraq and Ukraine (18.12.2019)

Discussion: What went wrong with the attempt to build democracy in Iraq?

  • Compulsory readingRajiv Chandrasekaran, "Control Freak", Imperial Life in The Emerald City: Inside Iraq's Green Zone (New York NY: Vintage Books, 2007), 63-94.
  • Recommended reading 1: Jeff Bridoux and Malcolm Russell, "Liberal Democracy Promotion in Iraq: A Model for the Middle East and North Africa?" Foreign Policy Analysis 9 (3), 2013: 327-346.
  • Recommended reading 2: Iryna Solonenko, "External democracy promotion in Ukraine: the role of the European Union," Democratization 16 (4), 2009: 709-731.
Vstupní požadavky - angličtina
Poslední úprava: PhDr. Jan Hornát, Ph.D. (02.09.2015)

None

Požadavky k zápisu - angličtina
Poslední úprava: PhDr. Jan Hornát, Ph.D. (02.09.2015)

None

 
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