Poslední úprava: PhDr. Vít Smetana, Ph.D. (19.02.2015)
This course is drawn up as one-semester seminar, concluded by an exam. Its major content comprises detailed analysis of strategic and diplomatic documents related to the key stages of the bipolar struggle between the United States and the Soviet Union (and their respective Allies) in the years 1963-1991. It thus focuses on the later stages of the Cold War, starting from the years of détente, through the "second Cold War" up to the Gorbachev period, the fall of the Iron Curtain and the break-up of the Soviet Union. The major aim of this course is to acquire basic skills of research work with primary sources of political, diplomatic as well as strategic character - their thorough critique, setting them into relevant contexts and subsequently providing their adequate interpretation (or interpretations). This professional training is based on the use of attractive documentary material in English, but in some cases also in Czech and Russian (their knowledge is welcome, but not necessary) - mostly declassified in the last two decades.
Poslední úprava: PhDr. Vít Smetana, Ph.D. (05.02.2012)
Documentary editions (from which the analysed documents will be selected):
A Cardboard Castle? An Inside History of the Warsaw Pact, 1955-1991, eds. Vojtech Mastny and Malcolm Byrne, Budapest, Central European University Press 2005.
Documents on British Policy Overseas, Series III, Volumes 1-9, London, H.M.S.O. 1997-2009.
Foreign Relations of the United States, 1964-1976, Washington, D.C., Government Printing Office 1992-2009.
From Solidarity to Martial Law, the Polish Crisis of 1980-1981: A Documentary History, the Polish Crisi of 1980-1981: A Documentary History, eds. A. Paczkowski and M. Byrne, Budapest, Central European University Press 2007.
Masterpieces of History. The Peaceful End of the Cold War in Europe, 1989, eds. Svetlana Savranskaya, Thomas Blanton and Vladislav Zubok, Budapest - New York, CEU Press 2010.
Prague - Washington - Prague. Reports from the United States Embassy in Czechoslovakia, November - December 1989, ed. Vilém Prečan, Prague, Václav Havel Library 2004.
The Cold War. A History in Documents and Eyewitness Accounts, eds. Jussi Hanhimaki and Odd Arne Westad, Oxford - New York, Oxford University Press 2003.
The Democratic Revolution in Czechoslovakia: Its Precondition, Course, and Immediate Repercussions, 1987-89, eds. Vilém Prečan with Derek Paton, Prague, National Security Archive - Czechoslovak Documentation Centre - Institute of Contemporary History 1999.
The Prague Spring 1968. A National Security Archive Documents Reader, eds. Jaromír Navrátil et al., Budapest, CEU Press 1998.
Cold War International History Project, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars - http://cwihp.si.edu/cwihplib.nsf/
National Security Archive, George Washington University - http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/
Parallel History Project on Cooperative Security - http://www.php.isn.ethz.ch/
Charles Bohlen, Zbigniew Brzezinski, McGeorge Bundy, Anatoly Chernayev, Anatoly Dobrynin, Andrei Gromyko, Averell Harriman, George Kennan, Henry Kissinger, Jack Matlock, Vadim Medvedev, Paul H. Nitze, Felix Chuev's edition of his talks with Vyacheslav Molotov, etc.
Literature - recommended (selection):
Beschloss, Michael - Talbott, Strobe: At the Highest Levels, Boston, Little, Brown and Company 1993.
Brown, Archie: Seven Years that Changed the World: Perestroika in Perspective, Oxford, Oxford University Press 2007.
Durman, Karel: Útěk od praporů. Kreml a krize impéria 1964-1991, Praha, Karolinum 1998.
Durman, Karel: Popely ještě žhavé. Velká politika 1938-1991, II., Konce dobrodružství 1964-1991, Praha, Karolinum 2009.
Gaddis, John Lewis: Strategies of Containment. A Critical Appraisal of American National Security Policy during the Cold War, Oxford - New York, Oxford University Press 2005 (revised and expanded edition).
Gaddis, John Lewis: The United States and the End of the Cold War: Implications, Reconsiderations, Provocations, New York - Oxford, Oxford University Press 1992.
Judt, Tony: Postwar. A History of Europe Since 1945, New York, The Penguin Press 2005.
Leffler, Melvyn P.: For the Soul of Mankind. The United States, the Soviet Union and the Cold War, New York, Hill and Wang 2007.
Leffler, Melvyn P. - Westad, Odd Arne (eds.): The Cambridge History of the Cold War, I-III, Cambridge - New York, Cambridge University Press 2010.
Levesque, Jacques: The Enigma of 1989: The USSR and the Liberation of Eastern Europe, Berkeley, University of California Press 1997.
Lundestad, Geir: East, West, North, South. Major Developments in International Politics since 1945, Oxford - New York, Oxford University Press 1999.
Njolstad, Olav (ed.): The Last Decade of the Cold War. From Conflict Escalation to Conflict Transformation, London - New York, Frank Cass 2004.
Pleshakov, Constantine: There Is No Freedom Without Bread! 1989 and the Civil War That Brought Down Communism, New York, Farrar, Strauss and Giroux 2009.
Pons, Silvio - Romero, Federico (eds.): Reinterpreting the End of the Cold War. Issues, Interpretations, Periodizations, London - New York, Frank Cass 2005.
Sarotte, Mary: 1989: The Struggle to Create Post-Cold War Europe, Princeton, Princeton University Press 2009.
Walker, Martin: The Cold War. And the Making of the Modern World, London, Vintage 1994.
Westad, Odd Arne: The Global Cold War. Third World Interventions and the Making of Our Times, Cambridge - New York, Cambridge University Press 2007.
Zelikow, Philip - Rice, Condoleezza: Germany Unified and Europe Transformed: A Study in Statecraft, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press 2007.
Zubok, Vladislav M.: A Failed Empire. The Soviet Union in the Cold War from Stalin to Gorbachev, Chapel Hill, The University of North Carolina Press 2007.
Poslední úprava: PhDr. Vít Smetana, Ph.D. (05.02.2012)
1) 2 seminar presentations (15-20 minutes each) analysing assigned documents
2) studying for each seminar (i.e. reading of the relevant collection of documents) and active participation in discussions
3) final paper, approximately 3-4 thousand words long
The number of oral presentations may vary, depending on the number of seminar participants. The topic of the written paper should be first consulted with the seminar organizer/lecturer. The paper should be based on at least four sources (books, articles), out of which at least one should be a primary source (diary, documentary edition, memoir, archival documents, etc.).
Poslední úprava: PhDr. Vít Smetana, Ph.D. (21.02.2012)
The course will focus on the following topics:
1. The rise of détente
2. The Prague spring and the Soviet invasion of 1968 in international context
3. The Sino-Soviet split
4. The U.S. triangular diplomacy (Kissinger & Nixon in Moscow and Beijing)
5. The Vietnam War and its end
6. Latin America and the Cold War (Che Guevara and guerilla warfare, The United States and Allende's Chile, The Reagan Doctrine in Central America)
7. The Helsinki summit, the CSCE and the human rights issue
8. The fall of détente and the "Second Cold War" (the missile deployment crisis, Afghanistan, SDI, KAL 007, Able Archer)
9. The Polish Crisis of 1980-1981
10. The Reagan - Gorbachev summits
11. 1989: annus mirabilis in U.S. and Soviet diplomatic reports
12. The end of the U.S.S.R., 1989-1991