PředmětyPředměty(verze: 809)
Předmět, akademický rok 2017/2018
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Human Language and Mind - Thinking and speaking - ALINV415B
Anglický název: Human Language and Mind - Thinking and speaking
Zajišťuje: Ústav obecné lingvistiky (21-ULING)
Fakulta: Filozofická fakulta
Platnost: od 2017
Semestr: zimní
Body: 0
E-Kredity: 6
Způsob provedení zkoušky: zimní s.:
Rozsah, examinace: zimní s.:1/2 Z [hodiny/týden]
Počet míst: neurčen / 9 (neurčen)
Minimální obsazenost: neomezen
Stav předmětu: vyučován
Jazyk výuky: angličtina
Způsob výuky: prezenční
Úroveň:  
Poznámka: předmět je možno zapsat mimo plán
povolen pro zápis po webu
Garant: prof. doc. Eva Eckertová, Ph.D.
Vyučující: prof. doc. Eva Eckertová, Ph.D.
Rozvrh   Nástěnka   
Anotace - angličtina
Poslední úprava: Mgr. Jan Křivan, Ph.D. (25.09.2017)

HUMAN LANGUAGE and MIND deals with psychological, cognitive and anthropological aspects of language as key to human mind and creativity; interrelation of language, mind and brain; language in mediating experience, remembering and creating meaning; the instinctive, emotional and rational in language cognition; pre-linguistic cognition of hominids; psychology of "global" language and mind; language acquisition in children; bilinguals’ speaking and thinking; and the impact of disappearing languages on human culture. The course presents language as foundational to human culture and mind. The course is a seminar focused on posing questions, solving problems, proposing ways of examining and organizing data, and analyzing readings in discussion with students.
Podmínky zakončení předmětu - angličtina
Poslední úprava: Mgr. Jan Křivan, Ph.D. (25.09.2017)

 

Assignment

 

Weight in ZÁPOČET”

Comments and learning outcomes

Attendance, participation and basic familiarity with assigned READINGS and TED Talks

 

25%

 

 

 

2 out of 12 absences is tolerated; missing 8 or more classes entails failing the course

Preparation of questions on readings and online documentaries

Weekly assignments

 

25%

 

Midterm

 

15%

Defining concepts and analyzing readings

 

 

 

 

Presentation on a research project of the student’s choice

 

20%

Presenting on a chosen topic requiring independent research (15 to 20 mins)

Paper, based on this project

 

15%

 

Literatura - angličtina
Poslední úprava: Mgr. Jan Křivan, Ph.D. (25.09.2017)

Aitchison, Jean 2000. Seeds of Speech, Cambridge U Press

Diessel, G. Learning vs. Growth, in Language in Use, pp. 313-19

Hauser, Marc 2002. Researchers debate the origin of language, in Harvard Gazette

Kandel, Eric 2006. In Search of Memory, W. W. Norton & Company, pp. 1-16

Kress, G. and T. Leuwen, Semiotic Landscape, in Language in Use, pp. 344-9

McGilchrist,The Divided Brain TED talk

Montague, Red 2006. Why Choose this Book, Introduction and ch. 1, Dutton 2006

Pinker, Steven 1994. How the Mind Creates Language, in Language Instinct, HarperCollins

Digital Mind in an Analog World, in Language Instinct

Language is a human instinct, in Third Culture 1995, ch.13, Simon& Schuster

Plag, Ingo Productivity and the Mental Lexicon, in Language in Use, pp. 106-13

Premack, David 2004. Is Language a Key to Human Intelligence? in Science

Sperber, D. and D. Wilson 1996. Relevance: Communication and Cognition, pp. 1-24, 38, 46-9,172-9

Stubbs, Michael 1998. Language and the Mediation of Experience, in Handbook of Sociolinguistics, Blackwell

Turkle, S. 2004. How Computers Change the Ways We Think, in The Chronicle of Higher Education

Metody výuky - angličtina
Poslední úprava: Mgr. Jan Křivan, Ph.D. (28.06.2017)

HUMAN LANGUAGE and MIND is taught as a seminar that introduces a topic through a presentation, discussion and video, poses probing questions, proposes ways of examining and organizing the materials, and analyzes readings.

Sylabus - angličtina
Poslední úprava: Mgr. Jan Křivan, Ph.D. (25.09.2017)

CLASS 1: ORIGINS OF SPEECH and MODERN MAN                                                                                   Oct. 6

Cognition, intelligence and creativity: Hominids vs. modern humans

The day we learned to think

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5esFdZAjlVM&list=PLF16E6ADA8E355B08

In what ways humans communicate differently than chimps, TED talk by Jane Goodall http://www.ted.com/playlists/84/ancient_clues

Readings: Seeds of speech, by Jean Aitchison, Cambridge U Press 2000, ch. 1

Researchers debate the origin of language, by Marc Hauser2002, in Harvard Gazette http://www.news.harvard.edu/gazette/2002/12.12/01-language.html

            

CLASS 2: HUMAN INTELLIGENCE                                                                                                                Oct. 13

             What are the manifestations and aspects of human intelligence?

How the human mind was born https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-9_Mo8Pxq-s&list=PLu_DAV6hNuv_aewc2X1VHc_6peHtQgis2

Understanding language, U of California lecture by J. Elman https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K1pbnWcabMY

Readings: Is language a key to human intelligence? by David Premack, 2004, in Science

Seeds of speech, Aitchison, ch. 6

Assignment (please prepare for Class 2):

  1. Follow the instructions related to the Documentaries (in Class 1 of Moodle)
  2. Write a 1-page summary on what issues Hauser and Premack align and differ. Identify keywords of each article and add a couple of questions you’d like to ask each author.

You may want to explore Hauser’s articles in Harvard Gazette http://news.harvard.edu/gazette/tag/marc-d-hauser/

 

CLASS3: LANGUAGE: INSTINCT or REASON?                                                                                          Oct. 20

What is the role of the instinctive and rational in human cognition?

How language transformed humanity, TED Talk by Mark Pagel

             How kids teach themselves, by Sugata Mitra

             John Searle on language and its prelinguistic elements

Reason and enlightment, by George Lakoff

Readings: Third culture, St. Pinker, Language is a human instinct, 1995, ch.13

Seeds of Speech, ch. 2 and 3

Assignment for Class 3:Please watch The birth of a language (on a sign language in Nicaragua)  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pjtioIFuNf8 and respond in writing:

             What are the key findings of this documentary? In what ways do they relate to language instinct and intelligence? Do they agree with what you know about sign language?

 

CLASS4: LANGUAGE in the BRAIN                                                                                                              Oct. 27

             How does brain process, perceive and produce language?

Where good ideas come from, TED Talk by St. Johnson

How_boredom_can_lead_to_your_most_brilliant_ideas? TED Talk by Manoush_Zomorodi on creativity and brain, and Powerful stroke of insight, TED Talk by Jill Taylor

Readings: The divided brain, TED talk by McGilchrist: http://www.ted.com/talks/iain_mcgilchrist_the_divided_brain.html

Why choose this book, by R. Montague, Dutton 2006, Intro and ch. 1

Assignment: Please watch The divided brain over and explain what McGilchrist suggests are the roles of the left and right hemispheres. Relate it to Bolte-Taylor’s experience with stroke. Write up to 2 pp.

 

CLASS5: COMMUNICATION                                                                                                                          Nov. 3

             What are the uses of language? The theory of mind

Brain in communication, TED talk by Uri Hasson

Communication and veiled intents, RSA Animates, by St. Pinker

Readings: Relevance: Communication& Cognition, by D. Sperber &D. Wilson 1996, pp. 1-24, 38, 46-9,172-9

Assignment: Discussthe concept of communication in relation to an ongoing campaign or propaganda, political or other. Write up to 2 pp.

 

CLASS6: WORDS, MEANINGS and CONCEPTS                                                                            Nov. 10

How you really make decisions, BBC Documentary

Language and thought and What our habits reveal, by Steven Pinker

How_your_brain_decides_what_is_beautiful? TED Talk by Anjan Chatterjee on cognitive neuroscience on the configurations of form, line and color deep in our brain

Human Language series (w. N. Chomsky, MIT): What is a word? HL series, part 1: Word and meaning in children and HL series Warlpiri , part 4

A_word_game_to_communicate_in_any_language, TED Talk by Ajit Narayanan on language, autism and conversion of images to speech

Readings: Semiotic Landscape, by G. Kress and T. Leuwen, in Language in Use, pp. 344-9

Language can hold the answer, by Lera Boroditsky, 2006

for a review: Semantics - File 6.1 and 6.2, and Exc. 1, 3-7, in File 6.6, in Language Files

Assignment: Construct and carry out an experiment to find out the range of understanding of English borrowings into diverse languages used by speakers who learned English when 10 or older. Speculate about the mother language interference blocking the full range of meanings.

 

STATE HOLIDAY on Nov. 17

 

CLASS7: SOUNDS, SYMBOLS and MEANINGS                                                                           Nov. 24

What are the differences between sounds and human sounds? The nature of speaking and sound recognition

How brain creates meaning, TED Talk by Tom Wujes

             The linguistic genius of babies, TED presentation by Patricia Kuhl

Readings: Seeds of Speech, ch. 7

To review: File 2.1-2.3 (Phonetics),prepare exc. 2, 5, 6 in File 2.8

Assignment: Prepare a proposal to carry out research on any topic affiliated with the course. Plan out when you will present it in December.

 

In-class MIDTERM to review concepts and readings

 

CLASS8: LANGUAGE ACQUISITION in CHILDREN                                                                                    Dec. 1

             How a child learns language

Why we talk and The birth of a word, TED talk by Deb Roy

The_linguistic_genius_of_babies    

LanguageAcquisition HL series LSA archives

Interview with Noam Chomsky: Chomsky interview, Early teaching

Readings: Learning vs. growth, in Language in Use, by G. Diessel, pp. 313-19

Digital mind in an analog world, in Language Instinct: How the Mind Creates Language, by S. Pinker, HarperCollins 1994, pp. 269-87

Assignment: Learn about bilinguals’ language acquisition. Outline a questionnaire on bilingualism, distribute it to at least 10 bilingual students, and display and share the results of your search in class.

 

CLASS9: LANGUAGE LOGIC                                                                                                                         Dec. 8

             How does mind build „logical“ sentences and „correct“ grammatical structures?

Steven Pinker Words and Rules://mitworld.mit.edu/video/143       

Syntax: Tram and ball, D. Slobin HL series 3      

Chomsky on Universal Grammar.usingenglish

Readings: Productivity and the mental lexicon, by Ingo Plag, in Language in Use, pp. 106-13

Chomsky’s UC Berkeley lecture on Language and Mind, Revisited, 2003

Review: File 5.1 and 5.4 (Syntax), prepare Exc. 1-4, 13, 14 in File 5.7

A STUDENT PRESENTATION

 

CLASS10: SOCIAL MEDIA affect how we think                                                                                         Dec. 15

Readings: How computers change the ways we think, by S. Turkle 2004, in The Chronicle of Higher Ed

Thumbspeak, by L. Menand 2008, in The New Yorker

Changing the hive mind: How social media manipulation affects evt., TED Talk, by T. Weninger

Social media likes, TED talk, by J. Goldbeck

A STUDENT PRESENTATION

 

CLASS11:  MEMORY, RECALL and LANGUAGE                                                                                      Dec. 22

Language in creating memories and mediating experiences; Brain in remembering     

The_riddle_of_experience_vs_memory, TED Talk by Daniel Kahneman

D. Kahneman fathoms the human mind: An interview with Steve Forbes

The Mystery of memory, Nobel prize of Eric Kandel

Readings: Language and the mediation of experience, by M. Stubbs, in Handbook of Sociolinguistics, 1998

In Search of memory, by Eric Kandel, W. W. Norton & Company 2006, pp. 1-16

A STUDENT PRESENTATION

 

CLASS12:                                                                                                                                                               Jan. 5

STUDENT PRESENTATIONS

PAPERS due

 
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