PředmětyPředměty(verze: 861)
Předmět, akademický rok 2019/2020
Roman Britain - AKA500092
Anglický název: Roman Britain
Zajišťuje: Ústav pro klasickou archeologii (21-UKAR)
Fakulta: Filozofická fakulta
Platnost: od 2019
Semestr: zimní
Body: 0
E-Kredity: 5
Způsob provedení zkoušky: zimní s.:
Rozsah, examinace: zimní s.:2/0 Zk [hodiny/týden]
Počet míst: neurčen / neurčen (neurčen)
Minimální obsazenost: neomezen
Stav předmětu: nevyučován
Jazyk výuky: angličtina
Způsob výuky: prezenční
Poznámka: předmět je možno zapsat mimo plán
povolen pro zápis po webu
Garant: Mgr. Michal Dyčka
Rozvrh   Nástěnka   
Poslední úprava: doc. PhDr. Ladislav Stančo, Ph.D. (13.07.2018)
The lecture is dedicated to the topic of Roman Britain. Focus is put on the interpretation of archaeological sources
in the context of historical and social records from antiquity. Previous knowledge of basics from subjects like
Roman provincial archaeology or Roman frontier studies is welcomed but not necessarily mandatory for the
participants. The lecture is originally designed for the students of Classical archaeology but is also recommended
for students of Latin and Greek studies as well as students of other branches of archaeology and historians in
general. The course is divided into 11 independent lectures which extend each other and together offer students a
valuable insight into the archaeology of one of the principal Roman provinces, Britannia. The course is taught in
Poslední úprava: doc. PhDr. Ladislav Stančo, Ph.D. (13.07.2018)

Literature (Main sources of information for each individual lecture):
HENIG, M. (1995) The Art of Roman Britain. London

JAMES, S. - MILLETT, M. (2001) Britons and Romans-Advancing Archaeological Agenda. York

MANN, J.C. (1996) Britain and the Roman Empire. Aldershot

MATTINGLY, D. (2007) An Imperial Possession - Britain in the Roman Empire. London

MILLETT, M. (1990) The Romanization of Britain-an essay in archaeological interpretation. Cambridge

WATTS, R. (2005) Boudicca's Heirs - Women in Early Britain. Oxon

CREIGHTON, J. (2000) Coins and power in Late Iron Age Britain. Cambridge

CUNLIFFE, B., BROWN, L. (1984) Danebury: an Iron Age hillfort in Hampshire. Vol. 1, The excavations, 1969-78: The Site. London

CUNLIFFE, B. - AMBROSE, T. (1984) Danebury: an Iron Age hillfort in Hampshire. Vol. 2, The excavations, 1969-78: The Finds. London

CUNLIFFE, B. (1988) Greeks, Romans and barbarians: spheres of interaction. London

CUNLIFFE, B. - BROOKS, I. - POOLE, C. (1991) Danebury: an Iron Age hillfort in Hampshire. Vol. 4, The Excavations, 1979-88: The Site; illustrations by Alison Wilkins and Simon Pressey. London

CUNLIFFE, B. - POOLE C. - BROWN L. (1991) Danebury: an Iron Age hillfort in Hampshire. Vol. 5, The Excavations, 1979-88: The Finds; London

HARDING, D.W. (2004) The Iron Age in Northern Britain. Oxon

WAIT, G.A. (1985) Ritual and Religion in Iron Age Britain. BAR 149 i. Oxford

BREEZE, D. J. (1990) The impact of the Roman army on the native peoples of north Britain. Internationalen Limeskongresses 1986 in Carnuntum. Der römische Limes in Österreich, Heft 36. 85-97

BREEZE, D. J. (1993) Why did the Romans fail to conquer Scotland. Roman Officers and Frontiers. 365-385 BREEZE, D. J. (2009) First contact: Rome and northern Britain. TAFAC Monograph 7. Perth

FRASER J. E. (2005) The Roman conquest of Scotland: The Battle of Mons Graupius AD 84. Stroud

GLENDINNING, B. D. - DUNWELL, A. J. - CLARKE, A. - CRESSEY, M. - THOMAS, G. D. - WOOLLISCROFT, D. J. (2000) Excavations of the Gask Frontier Tower and Temporary Camp at Blackhill Wood, Ardoch, Perth & Kinross. Britannia, Vol. 31. 255-290

PITTS, L. F. - JOSEPH, J. K. ST. (1985) Inchtuthil: The Roman Legionary Fortress - Excavations 1952-65. Briannia Monograph Series no. 6. London

WOOLLISCROFT, D. J. (1993) Signalling and the Design of the Gask Ridge System. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 123. 291-314

BURNHAM, C. - WACHER, J. (1990) The 'small towns' of Roman Britain. Manchaster

CLEARY, E.S. (1987) Extra-Mural Areas of Romano-British Towns. BAR 169. Oxford

DE LA BÉDOYERE, G. (1993) Roman towns in Britain. Manchester

FRERE, S. (1972) Verulamium excavations. Vol. 1; with section by I.W. Cornwall ... [et al.]. London

FRERE, S. (1983) Verulamium excavations. Vol. 2; with section by M.G. Wilson. London

FRERE, S. (1984) Verulamium excavations. Vol. 3; with sections by D. Charlesworth ... [et al.]. Oxford

MARSDEN, P.R.V. (1980) Roman London. London

MILNE, G. (1995) Roman London. London

BARBER, B. - BOWSHER, D. (2000) The Eastern cemetery of Roman London. London

WHITE, R. - BARKER, P. (1998) Wroxeter-Life and Death of a Roman city. Stroud

BRANIGAN, K. - MILES D. (1988) The Economies of the Romano-British villas. Gainsborough

HANLEY, R. (2000) Villages in Roman Britain. Princes Risborough

HINGLEY, R. (1989) Rural settlement in Roman Britain. Oxford

MILES, D. (1982) The Romano-British countryside. BAR 103. Oxford

BREEZE, D.J. - DOBSON, B. (1976) Hadrian's Wall. London

BREEZE, D. J. (1993) The Northern Frontiers of Roman Britain. London

BREEZE, D. J. (2007) Roman Frontiers in Britain. 1st ed. London

BREEZE, D. J. (2008) The Antonine Wall. Edinburgh

HANSON S. W. - MAXWELL G. S. (1983) Rome's North West Frontier: The Antonine Wall. Edinburgh

MAXWELL, G. S. (1989) The Romans in Scotland. Edinburgh

ROBERTSON, A. (1990) The Antonine Wall: a handbook to the Roman wall between Forth and Clyde and a guide to its surviving remains, 4th ed.: revised and edited by Lawrence Keppie. Glasgow

DARK, P. (1999) Pollen Evidence for the Environment of Roman Britain. Britannia Vol. 30., 247-272

DARK, K. - DARK. P. (1997) The Landscape of Roman Britain. Sutton

FLEMING, A. (2007) Prehistoric and Roman Landscapes. Bollington

PHILLIPS, C.W. (1970) The Fenland in Roman Times. London

DÉRY, C.A. (1997) Food and the Roman army: travel, transport and transmission. Food on the Move, Proceedings of Oxford Symposium on Food and Cookery. 84-96

FITZPATRICK, A. P. (2003) Roman amphorae in Iron Age Britain. The Journal of Roman Pottery Studies, Vol. 10. Oxford. 10-26

HOWELLS, D. T. (2009) Consuming the exotic: carrot amphorae and dried fruit in early Roman Britain. The Journal of Roman Pottery Studies, Vol. 14. Oxford. 71-82

IVLEVA, T. (2012) Britons abroad: the mobility of Britons and the circulation of British-made objects in the Roman Empire, Unpublished Thesis, Faculty of Archaeology, department of Mediterranean archaeology, Leiden University, 2012

McWhirr, A. D. (1984) The production and distribution of brick and tile in Roman Britain, Unpublished Thesis, School of Archaeology and Ancient History, University of Leicester, 1984

PEACOCK, D. P. S. (1977) Pottery and early commerce: characterization and trade in Roman and later ceramics. New York

TYERS, P. (1996) Roman Pottery in Britain. London

WEBSTER, P. (1991) Pottery supply to the Roman north-west. The Journal of Roman Pottery Studies, Vol. 4. 11 - 19

CLEARY, A. S. E. (1989) The Ending of Roman Britain. London

COLLINS, R. (2004) Debating late antiquity in Britain AD 300-700. BAR 365. Oxford

COTTERILL, J. (1993) Saxon Raiding and the Role of the Late Roman Coastal Forts of Britain. Britannia, Vol. 24. 227-239

FAULKENER, N. (2000) The decline and fall of Roman Britain. Stroud

HUTCHINSON, J., N. - POOLE, C. -LAMBERT - N., BROMHEAD, E. N. (1986) Combined Archaeological and Geotechnical Investigations of the Roman Fort at Lympne, Kent. Britannia, Vol. 16. 209-236

COLLINS, R. (2009) Hadrian's Wall and the collapse of Roman Frontiers. Limes XX: XX congreso internacional de estudios sobre la frontera romana. Madrid. 281-297

DARK, K. (1992) A Sub-Roman Re-Defence of Hadrian's Wall? Britannia, Vol. 23, 111-120

HÄRKE, H. (1990) Warrior graves? The background of the Anglo-Saxon weapon burial rite. Past & Present, Vol. 126. 22-43

JONES, M. E. (1996) The end of Roman Britain. New York

WILMOTT, T. (2005) The end of Hadrian's wall. Limes 19. Proceedings of the 19th international congress of Roman frontier studies, Pécs. 131-137

Poslední úprava: doc. PhDr. Ladislav Stančo, Ph.D. (13.07.2018)
1. Introduction and historical context
General introduction to the topic of Roman Britain - topography of the British Isles, history of research, sources etc.

Beginnings of Roman Britain - Caesar's invasions of Britain, Claudian conquest, Colchester (Camulodunum) as a model site of early Roman settlement in Britain and as testament of the Iceni uprising

2. Pre-roman Britain
Introduction to the British prehistory - changes in the Late Bronze Age, Iron Age of Britain in the context of continental La Tène culture (society in the imprint of material culture, comparative data from Wales and Ireland etc…)

Britain just before the Romans - Roman interference on the Isles between Caesar and Claudius, cultural exchange(s), Roman imports on native sites, reign of last British kings Cunobeline and Caratacus

3. Conquest of Roman Britain
Archaeological finds in the context of second half of the 1st century AD - conquest of Wales and Northern England, “Caledonians”, Gnaeus Julius Agricola and Flavian conquest of Scotland in new perspectives etc…

Flavian occupation of Scotland - “Stracathro” marching camps, search for Mons Graupius, Glen forts, Gask Ridge, Inchtuthil and Newstead

4. Towns and infrastructure of Roman Britain
Roman provincial towns in general - specificity north-western part of the Empire, principal buildings of Roman town

Construction and development of provincial centres of Roman Britain - Colchester (Camulodunum), St Albans (Verulamium), London (Londinium), Wroxeter (Viroconium), Water Newton

Infrastructure - Roman road system in Britain

5. Rural settlement of Roman Britain
Non-villa settlements - development of pre-roman “native” sites in the context of Roman countryside, typology of non-villa settlements, regional differences, Romanization

Villa settlements - typology and specificity of Roman villas in Britain

6. Limes in province Britannia
Definition of boundary - Introduction to the Roman Frontier Studies

British Limes - Gask Ridge (Blackhill Wood tower), Hadrian’s Wall (Housteads, Chesterholm), Antonine Wall (Rough Castle, Bar Hill)

7. Landscape of Roman Britain
Pre-roman landscape - Sources, data and analyses

Roman landscape - Crops and cultivation changes, deforestation vs. reforestation, pollen analyses and their (careful) interpretation

Tour de Britannia - Landscape in the broader context of human environment, recent trends in landscape archaeology

8. Trade and external relationships of Roman Britain
Economy of Roman Britain - imports and exports, Roman and non-roman production, material exchange between Britannia and the rest of Roman Empire

Material culture - typology of pottery, amphoras, tiles, military tombstones and diplomas, ingots, bricks etc.

9. Later Roman Britain
Severan conquest of Scotland - archaeological and historical evidence, marching camps, forts in Scotland (Caprow) and Northern England (South Shields)

Late antiquity in Britannia - 3rd and 4th century in European context, transformation of Roman towns, villas and Limes in late antiquity

410 AD - The end, beginning or actually nothing?

10. Sub-roman Britain
Roman Britain in the context of the end of Western Roman Empire - abandonment of Limes, transformation of towns, collapse of villa economy, advent of Christianity

Sub-roman Britain - from Limitanei to War Bands, Romans, Saxons, Picts and the (many) others, sub-roman Britain in the context of folklore and collective memory, introduction to Anglo-Saxon archaeology

11. Optional lecture
a) Frumentationes pro Britannia - a complex view of the Roman economy in the context of material culture of Roman Britain with special focus on the pottery typology and its implications to the development of Roman Limes and town centres in Britannia

b) To see and to be seen - GIS approach to archaeology in practice. Case study: The Antonine Wall/Odenwald Limes in the context of spatial analyses

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