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Předmět, akademický rok 2018/2019
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Contemporary trends in migration studies (a discussion seminar) - MZ340M09
Anglický název: Contemporary trends in migration studies (a discussion seminar)
Zajišťuje: Katedra sociální geografie a region. rozvoje (31-340)
Fakulta: Přírodovědecká fakulta
Platnost: od 2018
Semestr: zimní
E-Kredity: 5
Způsob provedení zkoušky: zimní s.:
Rozsah, examinace: zimní s.:1/1 Zk [hodiny/týden]
Počet míst: 27
Minimální obsazenost: 5
Stav předmětu: vyučován
Jazyk výuky: angličtina
Garant: Mgr. Lenka Pavelková, M.Sc.
Vyučující: Kristýna Janurová, M.A.
Mgr. Lenka Pavelková, M.Sc.
Neslučitelnost : MZ340M09Z
Je neslučitelnost pro: MZ340M09Z
Anotace
Poslední úprava: Kristýna Janurová, M.A. (21.09.2018)
The aim of this discussion seminar is to complement the traditional migration courses offered by the Department of Social Geography and Regional Development. The course introduces students to recent theoretical and methodological developments in migration studies, enabling them to engage with the studied material proactively. It intensively uses discussion, group work and a continuous testing of gained knowledge in the form of quizzes, games and creative activities in order to help students understand the studied concepts and make sense of the relations between historical and current events, or between local and global events and migration flows.
The study material comprises academic texts, statistics, media, as well as video and film. Throughout the whole semester, the students continuously work on their essays under the supervision of the teachers who actively and individually support them. The seminar closes with a “miniconference” where the students’ papers are presented and discussed, and which is as pleasant as it is professional.
The course requirements include active participation in classes, step-by-step essay writing guided by the teachers’ feedback, a presentation of the final paper at the miniconference and a closing oral exam. The course is recommended for Czech and international students with an interest in migration studies at both the bachelor’s and master’s levels. The whole course is conducted in English.
Sylabus - angličtina
Poslední úprava: Kristýna Janurová, M.A. (09.10.2018)

Seminar 01 -  03/10/2018

  • introduction
  • plan
  • requirements: reading and preparation for classes, active participation, essay, miniconference, oral exam
  • introduction to the topic

Migration terminology - what's behind the names

In this seminar we will discuss the key terminology used in the course and clarify the possible differences in understanding and varying connotations of the individual terms in different countries. We will discuss our experience with the usage of these terms and their shortcomings. 

What is covered:

- basic terminology (migration, emigration, immigration, internal, international, irregular/undocumented/illegal);

- types of migration (economic, political, etc./permanent, circular, temporary);

 

Seminar 02 - 10/10/2018

Basic statistics and the meaning of home

In this seminar we will first look at migration flows in the world, the numbers of migrants worldwide and in Czechia and the main sources of data on migration.

Afterwards we will discuss terms like home country, host country, country of origin, etc. What are the meanings and differences? Where is "home" for migrants? Is it the country of origin or the new country, none of those two or something in-between? And what about their offspring? How does the perception of "home" affect the integration of individual migrants? What is “integration”?

At the end of the seminar students will present their essay topics and main theses to the class. The teachers will help to refine them.

Literature:

OBLIGATORY:

  • KING, R. (2002): Towards a New Map of European Migration. International Journal of Population Geography, 8.

RECOMMENDED:

  • ALLEN, S. (2008): Finding Home: Challenges Faced by Geographically Mobile Families. Family Relations, 57(1), 84-99.
  • DEUTSCHE BANK RESEARCH (2006): International migration: Who, where, and why? In A. M. Messina & G. Lahav (eds): The Migration Reader: Exploring Politics and Policies. Boulder: Lynne Rienner, pp. 15-23.
  • ENGBERSEN, G, LEERKES, A., GRABOWSKA-LUSINSKA, I., SNEL, E. & BURGERS, J. (2013): On the differential attachments of migrants from Central and Eastern Europe: A typology of labour migration. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 39(6), 959-981, DOI: 10.1080/1369183X.2013.765663.
  • KING, R., RUIZ-GELICES, E. (2003): International Student Migration and the European `Year Abroad': Effects on European Identity and Subsequent Migration Behaviour. International Journal of Population Geography, 9, 229-252.
  • SEGAL, U.A., MAYADAS, N.S. & ELLIOTT, D. (2006): A Framework for Immigration. Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies, 4(1), 3-24.
  • Interactive migration websites:

What is covered:

- migration flows in the world, numbers of migrants in the world

- terminology: host country/destination country/home country, country of origin, etc.;

- what makes a home and where migrants feel at home (one country, more countries);

- identity of second/third generation

- introduction to integration

 

Seminar 03 - 17/10/2018

Integration

In this seminar we will go deeper into the topic of integration. We will start by discussing the different terms used in different academic and geographical contexts: integration, assimilation, incorporation, and acculturation. Then we will discuss what it means to be integrated, whether the word has a positive or negative connotation, whether any of the types of integration is more important than the others, and whether there is an order in which the different integration "types" take place in an individual migrant’s experience. We will also look at how integration is measured and discuss the different approaches to deciding whether a person is integrated. Afterwards, we will move on to migration and integration policy - what it is, who the actors are and what factors and actors influence such policy.

Literature:

OBLIGATORY:

RECOMMENDED:

 

What is covered:

- integration/assimilation/incorporation/acculturation

- what "integration" means, whether and how can we say/measure a person is "integrated"

- migration and integration policy

- examples of different countries’ migration and integration policies

- who influences migration and integration policies and why (politicians, trade unions, NGOs, businessmen, etc.)

- MIPEX

 

Seminar 04 - 24/10/2018

Migration and Citizenship

This seminar will cover basic approaches to citizenship (ius sanguinisius soli) and common rules used to regulate migrants’ access to citizenship. We will discuss what citizenship means and what the advantages (and disadvantages) are of acquiring a new citizenship/changing one’s citizenship. We will look at citizenship laws in several countries and also at the meaning of EU citizenship.

Literature:

OBLIGATORY:

  • JOPPKE, C. (2007): Transformation of citizenship: status, rights, identity. Citizenship Studies, 11(1), 37-48.

RECOMMENDED:

  • BAUBÖCK, R. (2008): Stakeholder Citizenship: An Idea Whose Time Has Come? Washington, DC: Migration Policy Institute. Available from: http://www.migrationpolicy.org/research/stakeholder-citizenship-idea-whose-time-has-come
  • SPIRO, P. J. (2009): Dual Citizenship as Human Right. Legal Studies Research Paper Series, no. 2009-41.
  • JOPPKE, C. (2008): Comparative citizenship: a restrictive turn in Europe? Law and Ethics of Human RIghts, 2(1): 1-41.
  • JOPPKE, C. (2012): Citizenship and Immigration. International Sociology. Cambridge: Polity Press. (A BOOK - recommended to students more deeply interested in the topic)

 

What is covered:

- what is citizenship, what it means

- basic approaches to citizenship

- citizenship laws in several countries as examples

- dual citizenship

- EU citizenship

 

Seminar 05 - 31/10/2018

Relations between states and their emigrants

In this seminar, we will talk about a few important phenomena: emigration and return policies, brain drain/gain and diaspora. We will discuss the problems faced by states which suffer of extensive emigration, including brain drain, as well as the benefits that emigration may bring with it.  We will talk about various policies that states adopt to discourage people from leaving, to attract them to return or to strengthen their ties with the home country. Most of these are usually led by the aim to uphold the country’s prosperity and development and are targeted at specific groups (young people, qualified people, male/female, people with specific skills). Throughout the class we will discuss example of a few states with strong emigration or return policies. At the end we will have a look at what diaspora is, what the main diasporas are and how different states communicate with their diasporas.

Literature:

OBLIGATORY:

KRISJANE, Z., BERZINS, M., APSITE, E. (2014): Post-accession migration from the Baltic states. The case of Latvia. In: B. Glorius, I. Grabowska-Lusinska & I. Kuvik (eds.). Mobility in Transition. Migration Patterns after EU Enlargement. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, pp. 85-109. Available from: http://www.oapen.org/search?identifier=449203

RECOMMENDED:

  • BAUBÖCK, R., FAIST, T. (eds.) (2010): Diasporas and transnationalism: concepts, theories and methods. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press (IMISCOE Research). (A BOOK - recommended to students more deeply interested in the topic)
  • KOVÁCS, Z., BOROS, L., HEGEDŰS, G., LADOS, G. & DUDÁS, G. (2014): What brings people back? Opportunities and obstacles of return migration in Central Europe. In: S. Brouček & T. Grulich (eds): Nová emigrace z České republiky po roce 1989 a návratová politika. Praha: Etnologický ústav AV ČR, v. v. i., Senát PČR & International Organisation for Migration, pp. 38-56.
  • LESIŃSKA, M. (2013): The Dilemmas of Policy Towards Return Migration. The Case of Poland After the EU Accession. Central and Eastern European Migration Review, 2(1). Available from: http://www.ceemr.uw.edu.pl/vol-2-no-1-june-2013/articles/dilemmas-policy-towards-return-migration-case-poland-after-eu

 

What is covered:

- emigration and return policies

- brain drain, brain gain

- diaspora, definitions and examples

- countries’ approach to their emigrants (examples of Morocco, the Philippines, Poland, Czechia)

 

Seminar  06 - 07/11/2018

New approaches to the study of migration

In this seminar we will discuss some of the contemporary popular approaches to the study of migration, such as transnationalism, migration and development and combined analyses of internal and international migration flows.

At the end of this seminar students’ rough paper proposals (handed in a few days in advance) will be discussed individually with the seminar teachers.

Literature:

OBLIGATORY:

KING, R., SKELDON, R. 2010. ‘Mind the gap!’ Integrating approaches to internal and international migration. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 36(10), 1619-1646. Available from: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/1369183X.2010.489380

RECOMMENDED:

BLUNT, A. 2007. Cultural geographies of migration: mobility, transnationality and diaspora. Progress in Human Geography, 31(5) pp. 684-694.

GLICK SCHILLER, N., BASCH, L., BLANC-SZANTON, C. 1992. Towards a definition of transnationalism. Introductory remarks and research questions.  Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Vol. “Towards a Transnational Perspective on Migration: Race, Class, Ethnicity, and Nationalism Reconsidered,” pp. ix - xiv.

de HAAS, H. 2005. International migration, remittances and development: myths and facts. Third World Quarterly, 26, PP. 1269-1284. Available from: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1747-7379.2009.00804.x/pdf

VERTOVEC, S. 2009. Transnationalism. London: Routledge. (A BOOK - recommended to students more deeply interested in the topic)

WIMMER, A., GLICK SCHILLER, N. 2003. Methodological nationalism, the social sciences, and the study of migration: an essay in historical epistemology. International Migration Review, 27(3), pp. 576-610.

 

What is covered:

- "new" theoretical approaches in migration research: transnationalism, migration & development

- "new" methodological approaches in migration research: interdisciplinarity, comparisons between internal and international migration patterns, mixed methods, new qualitative approaches

 

Seminar 07 - 14/11/2018

Milestones in European history and their impact on migration flows

In this seminar we will talk about the key historical milestones which have affected migration flows around the world, with a focus on Europe, Czechia and the countries of origin of the class participants. The shift from the dominance of emigration to the dominance of immigration in some world countries (e.g. Italy, the Netherlands, Sweden) will be described, confronted with opposing or more static situations of other states and related to the key historical determinants which contributed to these specific developments.

Literature:

RECOMMENDED:

  • CASTLES, S., DE HAAS, H. & MILLER, M. J. (2009): The age of migration. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • MASSEY, D.S., ARANGO, J., HUGO, G., KOUAOUCI, A., PELLEGRINO, A. & TAYLOR, J.E. (2005): Worlds in Motion: Understanding International Migration at the End of the Millennium: Understanding International Migration at the End of the Millennium. Clarendon Press.
  • MESSINA, A. M. & LAHAV, G. (eds) (2005): The migration reader: Exploring politics and policies. Boulder: Lynne Rienner.

What is covered:

- colonialism, slave trade

- industrialization

- World Wars

- post-war European and world migrations

- (non-)migration from the Soviet Union and the "Soviet Bloc"

- post-1989 migration from and to Central and Eastern Europe

- European Union, Schengen

- 2004, 2007 and 2013 EU enlargements

- 21st century African and Asian migration to Europe and USA

- wars and other conflicts in the late 20th and early 21st centuries (Balkan, Sudan, Arab Spring, Syria, Ukraine, etc.)

 

Seminar  08 - 21/11/2018

Migration theories

In this seminar we will review the key known migration theories as presented in the required reading and relate them to the topics discussed during the semester. Considering the extent of the students’ previous experience with studying migration theories we will discuss their strengths and weaknesses and their applicability to empirical research. We will highlight the importance of bearing in mind the different theoretical approaches when working with academic texts on migration (not the least in the students’ own essay writing). Going back to the topics dealt with in earlier seminars, we will pinpoint the structural and individual-level effects of migration on the actors involved. 

Literature:

OBLIGATORY:

  • MASSEY, D.S., ARANGO, J., HUGO, G., KOUAUCI, A., PELLEGRINO, A. & TAYLOR, J.E. (1993): Theories of International Migration: A Review and a Reappraisal. Population and Development Review, 19(3): 431-466.

RECOMMENDED:

  • ARANGO, J. 2000. ‘Explaining migration: a critical view’, International Social Science Journal, Vol. 52, Issue 165: pp. 283-296.
  • KING, R. (2012): Theories and Typologies of Migration: An Overview and a Primer. Willy Brandt Series of Working Papers in International Migration and Ethnic Relations 3/12. Malmö: Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare (MIM), Malmö University. Available from: http://www.mah.se/upload/Forskningscentrum/MIM/WB/WB%203.12.pdf

 

What is covered:

- Ravenstein’s "laws of migration"

- neoclassical economics and push-pull theory

- segmented/dual labour market theory

- Zelinsky’s ‘hypothesis of the mobility transition’

- world systems theory

- networks theories

- the ‘New Economics of Labour Migration’

 

Seminar 09 - 28/11/2018

Refugees in the world: concepts and legal framing

In this seminar we will speak about the terms „refugee“, „asylum seeker“, „IDP“ and „unaccompanied minor“, and discuss the differences between the different types of international protection and temporary protection. We will speak about key international legal documents associated with the status and protection of refugees.

Literature:

RECOMMENDED:

 

What is covered:

- terms: refugee, asylum seeker, IDP, unaccompanied minor

- types of international protection, temporary protection

- 1951 Geneva Convention on Refugees

- 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights

- Dublin Convention

 

Seminar 10 - 05/12/2018

Refugees in the world: the current situation

This seminar focuses on the current developments in the situation of refugees worldwide. We will speak about the numbers of IDPs and international refugees in different parts of the world and the causes of recent refugee movements, with a special focus on the so-called „European refugee crisis“ of the past years. 

Literature:

RECOMMENDED:

What is covered:

- numbers of refugees and causes of refugee movements worldwide

- European refugee crisis



Seminar 11 - 12/12/2018

Representation of migration in public sources and in the arts

In this seminar we will discuss the question of "objectivity" in reporting on scientific results and the "correct" way of disseminating them to the wider academic, as well non-academic public. We will highlight the need to question scientific results from the perspective of how a particular research project was funded and what primary purpose(s) it was conducted with.

We will discuss how migration has been presented in a selected film and talk about the messages the film conveys with relation to current migratory issues.

At the end of the class, the students will have an opportunity to get individual feedback on their draft papers before getting them finalised for the closing miniconference.

Literature:

OBLIGATORY:

  • Casablanca (1942) film

RECOMMENDED:

  • Hein de Haas’s blog: http://heindehaas.blogspot.com/
  • Fiction books with a migration theme:
    • Hůlová, Petra. 2012. Čechy, země zaslíbená. Praha: Torst.
    • Tan, Shaun. 2007. The Arrival. Hodder Children's Books. (graphic novel – some info and pictures: http://www.shauntan.net/books/the-arrival.html)
    • Orwell, George. 1933 (first ed.). Down and Out in Paris and London. (newer editions available)

 

What is covered:

- objectivity vs. biased scientific results and biased reporting

- research background: funding, purpose, country of production, political background

- artistic representation of migration

 

19/12/2018 – no class!

 

Seminar 12 - 09/01/2019

Miniconference

This last seminar will be organized as a "miniconference" where the students will present their final papers. It will have the format of a real "miniature" conference, being divided into a few panels according to the paper topics, with the presentations to be done in allocated time slots and discussions following. Some students will take part in moderating the discussions which will be an opportunity for each of the presenters to get some final feedback on their papers from both the classmates and the teachers. After the conference the students will have almost two weeks to hand in their finalised and refined papers.

 

13. 1. 2019 – deadline for essay submission

 

 
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