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Course, academic year 2023/2024
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Body and Soul in Ancient Philosophy - YBAJ230
Title: Body and Soul in Ancient Philosophy
Guaranteed by: Programme Liberal Arts and Humanities (24-SHVAJ)
Faculty: Faculty of Humanities
Actual: from 2023 to 2023
Semester: winter
E-Credits: 4
Examination process: winter s.:
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:0/2, MC [HT]
Capacity: unknown / 20 (20)
Min. number of students: unlimited
4EU+: no
Virtual mobility / capacity: no
Key competences:  
State of the course: taught
Language: English
Teaching methods: full-time
Teaching methods: full-time
Note: course can be enrolled in outside the study plan
enabled for web enrollment
Guarantor: Mgr. Stanislav Synek, Ph.D.
Teacher(s): Mgr. Stanislav Synek, Ph.D.
Class: Courses available to incoming students
Annotation -
The course will take a look at how ancient Greek philosophy conceptualized relation between body and soul. After an overview of presocratic philosophers, we will focus on two prominent figures of Plato and Aristotle. The course will address several traditional issues: soul's immortality; soul's relation to the body; parts of soul; functions of soul (perception, thinking; desires and appetites) etc. Key primary sources: Plato - Phaedo, Phaedrus, Respublic, Timaeus; Aristotle - On the Soul.
Last update: Kučabová Veronika, Bc. (19.06.2023)


  • Plato. Timaeus. In Plato.. Timaeus and Critias . : Start Publishing LLC, 2012, s. -. ISBN 1-62558-128-9..
  • Aristotle. books II-III. In Aristotle. De anima, or about the soul . Chicago, Ill: Saint Augustine's Press, 2022, s. -. ISBN 1-58731-202-6..
  • Plato.. Phaedo. : Start Classics, 2013, 1 s. ISBN 1-62793-828-1.

Last update: Synek Stanislav, Mgr., Ph.D. (19.09.2023)

The course will focus on Plato's and Aristotle's view on soul and body, yet we will also touch upon some of their predecesors (Homer, presocratics) as well as some of the later hellenic philosophers (Epicurus, stoics).

  1. The origins: Homer & presocratics
  2. Plato: Phaedo
  3. Plato: Timaeus - body & soul of the universe; immortal souls
  4. Plato: Timaeus - mortal souls and bodies; sense perception
  5. Plato: Timaeus - mortal souls (cont.); plants; other animals
  6. Aristotle: On the Soul (introduction)
  7. Aristotle: On the Soul - sense perception
  8. Aristotle: On the Soul - phantasia
  9. Aristotle: On the Soul - nous & logos
  10. Aristotle: On the Soul - movement
  11. Epicurus
  12. Stoics
Last update: Synek Stanislav, Mgr., Ph.D. (19.09.2023)
Course completion requirements

1. Assignments in moodle (min. 70% of all the tasks, min. grade >50%)

2. Colloquium (during the winter exam period)

Last update: Synek Stanislav, Mgr., Ph.D. (26.09.2023)
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