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Course, academic year 2023/2024
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Application of Remedial PE - PZTV157C
Title: Application of Remedial PE
Guaranteed by: Department of Adapted Physical Education and Sport Medicine (51-300300)
Faculty: Faculty of Physical Education and Sport
Actual: from 2023 to 2023
Semester: winter
Points: 0
E-Credits: 2
Examination process: winter s.:
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:0/2, C [HT]
Extent per academic year: 28 [hours]
Capacity: unknown / 16 (16)
Min. number of students: unlimited
4EU+: no
Virtual mobility / capacity: no
Key competences:  
State of the course: taught
Language: English
Teaching methods: full-time
Teaching methods: full-time
Note: course can be enrolled in outside the study plan
enabled for web enrollment
priority enrollment if the course is part of the study plan
Guarantor: doc. PhDr. Pavel Strnad, CSc.
Mgr. Markéta Křivánková
Teacher(s): Mgr. Markéta Křivánková
In complex incompatibility with: PFYZ219C
Annotation -
Remedial Physical Education (Health Physical Education) is a part of the physical educational system in our schools. It is intended for pupils and students with a weakened state of health and a handicap. Physiotherapists can be the ones who will be able to create physical education programs and used them to educate not only for young people, but also for adults, to take care of their own health. Compensatory exercises are focused on the musculoskeletal system, internal organs, sensory organs and nervous system.
Last update: Strnad Pavel, doc. PhDr., CSc. (11.06.2020)
Aim of the course

• The student is able to list and practically use exercises in basic positions to create suitable exercises for various health impairments, especially faulty body posture (VDT), as well as internal impairments associated with deviations from correct body posture.

• They can prepare practical exercises in various variations to address deviations from correct body posture, especially for compensating upper and lower crossed syndrome, scoliotic posture, flat backs, and influencing the HSS (possibly referring to Hip Stability Syndrome).

• The student can describe issues related to foot arch disorders and associated health problems. They can use exercises and tools to diversify and motivate students to exercise. They can also work with students who have deviations from the central axis (valgus, varus positioning of the central axis).

• The student is proficient in methods for assessing the functional state of the musculoskeletal system. They can perform basic anthropometric measurements, evaluate the functional state of the examined individual, conduct basic functional muscle tests, and tests of basic movement stereotypes, including deep stabilization tests.

• The student can practically demonstrate and teach various types of breathing and breathing exercises in different positions and can list for which health impairments they are practically useful. They apply exercise units for asthmatics and can create a set of breathing exercises for other impairments where breathing exercises are used.

• The student can practically apply and use the most commonly used types of relaxation exercises suitable for teaching Adapted Physical Education (ZTV) as a compensation for various health impairments. • The student can practically apply various types of coordination and balance exercises. They are skilled in basic psychomotor games.

• The student can practically use overballs, gym balls, and other, even unconventional, aids for exercising with individuals with impairments (deviations from body posture, metabolic, sensory, and other internal impairments). • The student can describe typical body postures in preschool and younger school-age children. They can apply exercises with motivational aids and games for the proper development of postural and movement stereotypes in younger children. They can list the basic specifics and principles for exercising with preschool and younger school-age children.

Last update: Křivánková Markéta, Mgr. (20.10.2023)
Literature -

CALAIS-GERMAN, B. Anatomy of Movement : Seattle : Estland Press, incorporated P.O. box 99749, 1993. ISBN 0-939616-17-3.

ČUMPELÍK, J. VÉLE, F. Yoga-Based Training for Spinal Stability. In Liebenson, C. Rehabilitation of the Spine. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2005.

ISBN 07-81729-97-1.

FRANCLIN, E. Dynamic alignment through imagery : Champaign : Human Kinetics, P.O. Box 5076, 1996. 302 s. ISBN 0-87322-475-2.

ISHMAHEL, W. K., SHORBE, H. B. Care of the back : Phiadelphia : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 1985. 32 s. ISBN 0-397-50710-0.

KAPANJI, I., A. The physiology of joints : London : Churchill Livingston, , 2007.

ISBN 10-443-10350-X, 978-0-443-03618-7, 10-070-202-9599.

SUNIL, V.J. Ayurveda & Panchakarma {The Science of Healing and Rejuvenation} : Twin Lakes, Wisconsin: Lotus Press, P.O. Box 325, 1997. 301 s.

ISBN 0-914955-37-3.

Last update: Strnad Pavel, doc. PhDr., CSc. (11.06.2020)
Requirements to the exam

complete attendance

achievement of the test from the study program

achievement of the appointed corrective exercises

Last update: Strnad Pavel, doc. PhDr., CSc. (11.06.2020)
Syllabus -

1. Introduction to the study. History of health physical education, its aim and asks. Categories of the health impairments. The structure of the lesson during application of corrective exercises. The basic compensatory means. Requirements to the credit.

2. Basic positions for compensatory exercises I. Phasic postural muscles and possibilities their balancing by movement patterns in basic positions.

3. Basic positions for compensatory exercises II. Tonic postural muscles and possibilities their balancing by movement patterns in basic positions.

4. Kinesiology of the cervical spine. Hyperlordosis of the cervical spine and corrective exercises to equilibrium of muscles which influence the right function of the cervical spine.

5. Interrelationship of muscles during hyperkyphotic carriage in thoracic spine. Corrective exercises by hyperkyphotic carriage in thoracic spine.

6. Main muscles, which influence movements in lumbar region of the spine and basic movements by pelvis. Corrective exercises by hyperlordotic curvature of the lumbar spine.

7. Meaning of physiological range of movement at the joints. Symmetrical, harmonious, slow, fluent and controlled movement - its magnitude when we train corrective exercises by persons with scoliotic carriage of the spine.

8. Recapitulation of corrective exercises by different deviations at the carriage of the spinal column.

9. Muscles of the hip, their function and interrelationship, their importance in the carriage of the pelvis and spinal column. Muscles which influence a god function of the ankle and foot. Propedeutic exercises for walking.

10. Breathing exercises at the theory and practice. Meanings of the breath and their interrelationship to the postural function. Diagnostics of breathing movements, breathing exercises without accompanying movements of parts of the body.

11. Diaphragm, abdominal wall, pelvic floor muscles and their relation. Breathing exercises facilitating breathing in abdominal region. Breathing exercises with accompanying movements of parts of the body.

12. Breathing exercises facilitating breathing movements in middle and upper parts of the ribcage. Exercises facilitating whole breath control.

13. Theory about relaxation exercises at health physical education. We will elucidate the functional connection between psychical tension, functional condition of vegetative nervous system and tension of muscular groups. Different forms of volitional relaxation exercises.

14. Encompassment of the check corrective exercises for credit, achievement of the test from the study program.

Last update: Strnad Pavel, doc. PhDr., CSc. (11.06.2020)
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