SubjectsSubjects(version: 867)
Course, academic year 2019/2020
  
Numerical and algebraic structures - OKN1310004
Title: Číselné a algebraické struktury
Guaranteed by: Katedra matematiky a didaktiky matematiky (41-KMDM)
Faculty: Faculty of Education
Actual: from 2015
Semester: summer
E-Credits: 3
Examination process: summer s.:
Hours per week, examination: summer s.:0/0 Ex [hours/semester]
Extent per academic year: 12 [hours]
Capacity: unknown / unknown (50)
Min. number of students: unlimited
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech
Teaching methods: combined
Note: course can be enrolled in outside the study plan
enabled for web enrollment
priority enrollment if the course is part of the study plan
Guarantor: prof. RNDr. Jarmila Novotná, CSc.
doc. RNDr. Antonín Jančařík, Ph.D.
Interchangeability : ON2310004
Annotation -
Last update: JANCARIK/PEDF.CUNI.CZ (04.06.2010)
The course covers two domains of algebra and theoretical arithmetic useful for lower and upper secondary mathematics teachers. It deals with the construction of number systems (natural, whole, rational, real and complex numbers), and broadens and deepens the knowledge that students gained during their previous study. The second part covers algebraic structures focusing mainly on the structures with one and two binary operations. Knowledge of structures that students gained in previous courses is generalised and broadened.
Aim of the course -
Last update: JANCARIK/PEDF.CUNI.CZ (04.06.2010)

The aim is to acquaint students with the construction and properties of number systems and with basic algebraic structures.

Literature -
Last update: JANCARIK/PEDF.CUNI.CZ (04.06.2010)

BLAŽEK, J. a kol.: Algebra a teoretická aritmetika 1, 2. Praha: SPN, 1983, 1985.14-514-83, 14-470-85.

KATRIŇÁK, T. a kol.: Algebra a teoretická aritmetika 1. Bratislava, Praha: ALFA, SNTL, 1985. 63-568-85.

ŠALÁT, T. a kol.: Algebra a teoretická aritmetika 2. Bratislava, Praha: ALFA, SNTL, 1986. 63-554-86.

NOVOTNÁ, J. ? TRCH, M.: Algebra a teoretická aritmetika, Sbírka příkladů část 3, Základy algebry. 2. vyd. Praha: UK-PedF, 2004. ISBN 80-7290-190-7.

KUBÍNOVÁ, M. ? NOVOTNÁ, J.: Posloupnosti a řady. Matematická analýza, teoretická aritmetika. Praha: Karolinum, 1997. ISBN 80-7184-564-7.

CAMERON, P.J.: Introduction to Algebra. Oxford University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-19-850194.

Electronic materials

? http://cs.wikipedia.org/

? http://ocw.mit.edu/OcwWeb/Mathematics/18-06Spring-2005/VideoLectures/index.htm

? http://www.zam.fme.vutbr.cz/~martisek/Vyuka%5CPrij%5Cskripta2.pdf

? http://www.math.sk/skripta/skripta.pdf

Teaching methods -
Last update: JANCARIK/PEDF.CUNI.CZ (04.06.2010)

Lecture + seminar

Requirements to the exam - Czech
Last update: JANCARIK/PEDF.CUNI.CZ (20.02.2015)

Požadavky k zápočtu: 2 testy, jeden možno nahradit vypracováním seminární práce.

Požadavky ke zkoušce: Zvládnutí teoretické části kurzu a příslušných početních dovedností


Syllabus -
Last update: JANCARIK/PEDF.CUNI.CZ (04.06.2010)

Revision of basic concept related to algebraic structures

Peano arithmetic: Natural numbers as an algebraic structure, Positional representation of natural numbers

Construction of the whole numbers system. Embedding of semigroups into groups

Construction of the field of rational numbers; Positional representation of rational numbers

Construction of the field of real numbers

Construction of the field of complex numbers; geometrical model of the field of complex numbers.

Basic properties of groups. Lagrange Theorem, quotient groups. Group homomorphisms.

Basic properties of rings.

Entry requirements - Czech
Last update: JANCARIK/PEDF.CUNI.CZ (04.06.2010)

Úspěšně uzavřené předchozí kurzy z algebry a teoretické aritmetiky

 
Charles University | Information system of Charles University | http://www.cuni.cz/UKEN-329.html