SubjectsSubjects(version: 916)
Course, academic year 2022/2023
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Neurobiology - OD0102114
Title: Neurobiologie
Guaranteed by: Katedra biologie a environmentálních studií (41-KBES)
Faculty: Faculty of Education
Actual: from 2018
Semester: both
E-Credits: 2
Hours per week, examination: 0/0, other [HT]
Capacity: winter:unknown / unknown (20)
summer:unknown / unknown (20)
Min. number of students: unlimited
Virtual mobility / capacity: no
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech
Teaching methods: full-time
Note: course is intended for doctoral students only
enabled for web enrollment
priority enrollment if the course is part of the study plan
you can enroll for the course in winter and in summer semester
Guarantor: doc. RNDr. Václav Vančata, CSc.
Annotation -
Last update: doc. RNDr. Václav Vančata, CSc. (24.10.2018)
A subject is propedeutic in nature and it is designed to form the basis for the system, neurobiological theoretical preparation of students in Doctoral Education in biology. Introduction and basic concepts, the molecular and cellular mechanisms of neural signaling, in particular membrane theory of bioelectric phenomena, membrane ion channels, ion the basics of resting membrane potential, action potential, ion the basics of myelination, the speed of conduction, bioelectrical currents and flow of current between the cells. Classification, distribution and function of individual types of glial cells. The basic principles of synaptic transmission. The structure of the neuromuscular connections, acetylcholine receptors, acetylcholinesterasa, the outpouring of acetylcholine. Presynaptic, postsynaptic and synaptic affecting the State of the synapse. Neurotransmitters, neuromodulators and their mechanism of action. Motoneurons, motor unit, spinal reflexes, motor pathways of the CNS, the brain stem, cerebellum, basal ganglia, neokortex, motor programs. The neural bases of the performance of the speech. Sleep, biorhythms, congenital forms of behaviour, unconditional reflexes, instincts, feeding, reproduction, memory, emotions, learning.
Aim of the course -
Last update: doc. RNDr. Václav Vančata, CSc. (24.10.2018)

Provide basic oveview of neurobiology with respect to practical use of the knowledge in teaching biology and to deeper understanding cognitivie processes and learning of students.

Literature - Czech
Last update: doc. RNDr. Vasilis Teodoridis, Ph.D. (14.08.2017)

W.F.Ganong: Přehled lékařské fyziologie:, 20. vydání v ČR, Jinočany:H+H, 2005

Stanislav Trojan a kolektiv: Lékařská fyziologie, Praha, Grada Publishing 1999

Otomar Kittnar a kolektiv: Lékařská fyziologie, Praha, Grada Publishing 2011

Otomar Kittnar, Mikuláš Mlček: Atlas fyziologických regulací, Praha, Grada Publishing 2009

František Koukolík: Vybrané přednášky o vztahu mozku a chování, Praha, Karolinum 1995

František Koukolík (ilustrace František Koukolík a Marie Tuláčková): Lidský mozek : funkční systémy, normy a poruchy, Praha, Portál 2000 (2. aktualizované a rozšířené vydání 2002)

František Koukolík (ilustroval Vladimír Renčín): Mozek a jeho duše, Praha, Makropulos 1995 (2. vydání Galén Praha 1997, 3. přepracované a rozšířené vydání Galén, Praha 2005)

Requirements to the exam -
Last update: doc. RNDr. Václav Vančata, CSc. (24.10.2018)

Prepare a portfolio of studies and articles relevant in terms of the problems of dissertation and to prepare for the debate.

Syllabus -
Last update: doc. RNDr. Václav Vančata, CSc. (24.10.2018)

1. introduction and basic concepts, the molecular and cellular mechanisms of nerve signaling

2. Membrane theory of bioelectric phenomena

3. Myelination, conduction velocity, bioelectrical currents and flow of current between the cells.

4. Classification, distribution and function of individual types of glial cells.

5. Basic principles of synaptic transmission and structure of neuromuscular connections,

6. Neurotransmitters, neuromodulators and mechanism of their effect.

7. Motoneurons, motor unit, spinal reflexes, motor pathways of the CNS,

8. Brain stem and reticular formation, cerebellum, basal ganglia, neokortex, and of motor programs.

9. Nerve basics for speech

10. Sleep and biorhythms, congenital forms of behaviour and learned behaviour

11. Memory, emotions, learning, sexual, social and agressive behavior.

Course completion requirements -
Last update: doc. RNDr. Václav Vančata, CSc. (24.10.2018)

Passing the debate and analysis of the portfolio.

 
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