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Course, academic year 2019/2020
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Introduction to Measurement in Physics - NUFY057
Title in English: Úvod do fyzikálních měření
Guaranteed by: Laboratory of General Physics Education (32-KVOF)
Faculty: Faculty of Mathematics and Physics
Actual: from 2004
Semester: summer
E-Credits: 2
Hours per week, examination: summer s.:0/1 C [hours/week]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: unlimited
State of the course: not taught
Language: Czech
Teaching methods: full-time
Guarantor: doc. RNDr. Ivana Stulíková, CSc.
Classification: Physics > Teaching
Annotation -
Last update: T_KVOF (18.05.2001)
Introduction to the student laboratory. Data collection and data processing. For teacher studies.
Literature - Czech
Last update: T_KVOF (25.04.2003)
  • [1] B. Sprušil, P. Zieleniecová: úvod do teorie fyzikálních měření. SPN, Praha 1986
  • [2] J. Brož a kol.: Základy fyzikálních měření I. SPN, Praha 1983

Syllabus -
Last update: T_KVOF (25.04.2003)

1. Physical quantities and their units basic concepts; physics quantities taxonomy; physical units; basal and derived units; SI system

2. Measurement methods basic systematics of measurement methods

3. Measurement errors basic map of measurement deviations - blunders, systematic and random deviations; deviation nature and their sources; errors of measuring instruments; accuracy class of measuring instruments; writing of results

4. Random deviations of direct measurements probability; probability distribution; normal (Gaussian) distribution; mean value; standard deviation; probable error; limit error; estimation of mean value and standard deviation for definite number of measurements

5. Processing of direct measurement values ensemble standard deviation of mean; standard deviation for a little number of measurements; exclusion of blunders from values ensemble; total deviation of direct measurements

6. Deviations of indirect measurements random deviations of indirect measurements; total deviation of indirect measurements

7. Processing methods of measurement results of physical dependences least square method; linear regression; method of progressive measurements

8. Graphic processing of physical dependences

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