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Course, academic year 2018/2019
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Physics II - NUFY012
Title in English: Fyzika II
Guaranteed by: Laboratory of General Physics Education (32-KVOF)
Faculty: Faculty of Mathematics and Physics
Actual: from 2006
Semester: summer
E-Credits: 10
Hours per week, examination: summer s.:4/3 C+Ex [hours/week]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: unlimited
State of the course: not taught
Language: Czech
Teaching methods: full-time
Guarantor: doc. Danka Slavínská, prom. fyz., CSc.
prof. RNDr. Hynek Biederman, DrSc.
Classification: Physics > Teaching
Annotation -
Last update: T_KVOF (15.05.2001)
Integrated course - lecture and exercises overlap. Course of hydromechanics, aeromechanics and oscilations, waves and acustics for need of future teachers of 2nd school grade. Considered for 1st year U MF/ZŠ.
Literature - Czech
Last update: T_KVOF (26.05.2003)

A. Hlavička aj.: Fyzika pro pedagogické fakulty. SPN Praha 1971

J. Kvasnica a kol.: Mechanika. Academia Praha 1988

J. B. Slavík a kol.: Základy fyziky I. NČSAV 1961

I. G. Main : Kmity a vlny ve fyzice.Academia Praha 1990

I. Baník aj.: Fyzika netradičně.Mechanika. Alfa Bratislava 1990

J. Brož a kol.: Základy fyzikálních měření. SPN Praha 1983

Z. Horák, F. Krupka, V. Šindelář: Technická fyzika. SNTL Praha 1963

D.Slavínská, M. Rojko: Soubor úloh z mechaniky II. pro studium učitelství. MFF UK Praha 1993

Syllabus -
Last update: T_KVOF (26.05.2003)
Mechanics of fluids
Characteristics of liquids and gases. Balance of fluids, hydrostatic pressure, Pascal law, Archimedes' law. Flow of ideal fluids, continuity equation, Bernoulli's equation. Hydrostatic and hydrodynamic paradoxon. Viscosity. Currents of viscosity liquids, Poiseuill's law. Laminar and turbulent flow. Stokes' law. Capillarity effects, surface tension.

Mechanics of gases.
Atmospheric pressure. Gas cover of Earth. Archimedes law for gases. Basics of aviation.

Harmonic motion.
Simple harmonic motion, motion equation and its solution. Vibration damped, forced and coupled. Resonance. Aperiodic damped motion. Composed vibrations,

principle of superposition. Harmonic analysis of periodic vibration.

Mechanical waves.
Wave equation. Transversal and longitudinal waves. Front and standing waves. Doppler's effect. Waves in solids. Surface waves. Huygens´ principle. Refraction, reflection and interference waves.

Sound.
Sound waves spread in, gases, liquids and solids. Measuring of sound velocity. Sound perception. Music instruments. Loudness of a sound and it influence on human body effect. Sound transfer, recording and reproduction.

 
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