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Course, academic year 2018/2019
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Application of Microprocessors in Physical Experiments - NPRF007
Title in English: Využití mikroprocesorů ve fyzikálním experimentu
Guaranteed by: Institute of Physics of Charles University (32-FUUK)
Faculty: Faculty of Mathematics and Physics
Actual: from 2016
Semester: both
E-Credits: 3
Hours per week, examination: 2/0 Ex [hours/week]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: unlimited
State of the course: not taught
Language: Czech
Teaching methods: full-time
Note: you can enroll for the course in winter and in summer semester
Guarantor: doc. Ing. Petr Praus, CSc.
Classification: Physics > Mathematics for Physicists
Annotation -
Last update: T_FUUK (29.04.2004)
Fundamental principles of the electronic measuring circuits, electrical transducers in physics, measurement of the electrical signal and its processing, principles of intelligent measurement devices in experimental physics.
Literature - Czech
Last update: T_FUUK (29.04.2004)

W. L. Faisler, Introduction to Modern Electronics, J.Wiley (1991)

F. W. Hughes, Digital Electronics, Theory and experimentation, Prentice Hall (1986)

J.Horák, Hardware učebnice pro pokročilé, ComputerPress (2002)

R.J. Higgins, Digital Signal Processing in VLSI, Prentice Hall (1990)

Syllabus -
Last update: T_FUUK (29.04.2004)
1. Basics of the Electrical Circuits

Linear electrical circuits. Passive and active components. circuits based on discrete semiconductor components.

2. Transducers and Actuators in Physical Laboratory.
Optical detectors (CCD principles, photodiodes and photomultipliers, their applications in optical spectroscopy), temperature sensing (thermocouples, resistors, semiconductor sensors), gas pressure, voltage/frequency converter, linear variable transformer, force,flow and chemical sensors.

Switching elements (thyristors and semiconductor relays), stepping motors and electromagnetic valves.

3. Electrical signal treatment and measuring circuits.
Measuring and switching of the electrical signals, continuous and discrete signal, signal filtering, analog signal treatment. Operational amplifiers (principles, various circuitry for different applications), comparator, sampling circuits (sample/hold, track/hold), V/I converters, V and I reference sources, active filters.

Fundamental principles of digital circuits, registers, counters, memory.

Function generators (analog and digital frequency synthesis), digitally programable amplifiers and potentiometers, small signals switching, synchronous signal detection, Lock-In amplifier, signal digitization, principles and basic circuitry of different types of A/D and D/A converters

4. Personal computer architecture.
PC basic architecture, its internal communication, CPU architecture (microprocessor types), memory types (overview), input/output circuits, standard serial and parallel interfaces (PIO, Centronics, USB, Firewire, IEEE-488, RS 232-C, RS 422, RS 485 etc.), local network in physical laboratory.

5. Intelligent measuring instruments.
Microcomputer based intelligent measuring instruments and regulators and their interfacing. Data acquisition and process control PCI and ISA plug-in boards.

A practical demonstration of intelligent measuring and regulation instruments will be held in the faculty labs.

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