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Course, academic year 2022/2023
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Optics for computer graphics - NPGR030
Title: Optika pro počítačovou grafiku
Guaranteed by: Department of Software and Computer Science Education (32-KSVI)
Faculty: Faculty of Mathematics and Physics
Actual: from 2020
Semester: winter
E-Credits: 3
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:2/0, Ex [HT]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: unlimited
Virtual mobility / capacity: no
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech
Teaching methods: full-time
Teaching methods: full-time
Guarantor: RNDr. Roman Antoš, Ph.D.
Class: DS, softwarové systémy
Informatika Bc.
Informatika Mgr. - volitelný
Classification: Informatics > Computer Graphics and Geometry
Annotation -
Last update: T_KSVI (20.05.2009)
The aim of this course is to teach students the fundamentals of optics, which will help them to understand both the phenomena that control the appearance of physical objects in real world and function of instruments used for their imaging.
Course completion requirements -
Last update: RNDr. Roman Antoš, Ph.D. (11.06.2019)

Oral exam

Literature - Czech
Last update: T_KSVI (20.05.2009)

E. Hecht: Optics, 4th ed., Addison Wesley, San Francisco, 2002.

D. Halliday, R. Resnick, J. Walker: Fyzika, část 4. Elektromagnetické vlny - optika - relativita. VUTIUM, Brno, 1997.

a další průběžně aktualizovaná on-line literatura

Teaching methods -
Last update: RNDr. Roman Antoš, Ph.D. (11.06.2019)


Requirements to the exam -
Last update: RNDr. Roman Antoš, Ph.D. (11.06.2019)

knowledge of the topics explained at lectures

Syllabus -
Last update: T_KSVI (20.05.2009)

1. From Maxwell equations to quantum theory. Rays, waves and photons. Monochromatic harmonic wave, its amplitude, frequency and phase. Polarized light.

2. A simplified description of wave propagation. The superposition of electromagnetic waves. Interference. Wavefronts and Huygens-Fresnel principle. Fermat principle.

3. Light reflection and refraction at optical interfaces. The dispersion of index of refraction. Mirrors, prisms and lenses. Fiber optics.

4. Geometrical optics. Lens equation. Optical imaging systems. Analytical ray tracing. Resolving power.

5. Coherent and incoherent light. Light interference at thin layers. Iridescence. Photonic crystals. Holography.

6. Light diffraction. Fresnel and Fraunhofer diffraction. Light scattering by optical inhomogeneities.

7. Atmospheric optical phenomena.

8. Photometry. Detectors of light. CCD and CMOS cameras.

9. Classical incoherent light sources. Photodiodes. Lasers.

10. Light absorption. Luminescence. Absorption, reflection, refraction and scattering of light at the appearance of physical objects.

11. Human eye and vision. Main categories of optical illusions.

12. Fourier optics.

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