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Course, academic year 2022/2023
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Linguistic Theories and Grammar Formalisms - NPFL083
Title: Lingvistické teorie a gramatické formalismy
Guaranteed by: Institute of Formal and Applied Linguistics (32-UFAL)
Faculty: Faculty of Mathematics and Physics
Actual: from 2020
Semester: summer
E-Credits: 5
Hours per week, examination: summer s.:2/2, C+Ex [HT]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: unlimited
Virtual mobility / capacity: no
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech, English
Teaching methods: full-time
Additional information:
Guarantor: Ing. Alexandr Rosen, Ph.D.
Class: Informatika Mgr. - Matematická lingvistika
Classification: Informatics > Computer and Formal Linguistics
Is incompatible with: NPFX083
Is interchangeable with: NPFX083
Annotation -
Last update: ROSEN (14.09.2007)
The aim of this course is to bridge the gap between theoretically motivated description of linguistic phenomena and a corresponding implementation in formal grammars. Following an overview of formal frameworks coupled with specific theories - Categorial Grammar (CG), Tree Adjoining Grammmar (TAG), Lexical Functional Grammar (LFG), Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar (HPSG) - and formal aspects of other theoretical frameworks (Chomskyan and dependency-based tradition), the students will be introduced to the core principles of HPSG both as a theory and as a formalism, based on examples of relevant phenomena in English, Czech and other languages. In parallel with the classroom presentations and discussions the students will develop corresponding grammars of increasing complexity, using the system Trale as the grammar writing environment. Taught in English.
Literature -
Last update: doc. Mgr. Barbora Vidová Hladká, Ph.D. (07.02.2018)

Brief Introductions

  • - Levine, R. D. and Meurers W. D. (2005). HPSG - Linguistic Approach, Formal Foundations, and Computer Realization. In: Keith Brown (ed.): Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, 2nd edition, Elsevier, Oxford.

  • - Adam Przepiórkowski and Anna Kupść (2006): HPSG for Slavicists. Glossos,

More extensive introductions

  • - Stefan Müller (2016): Gram­mat­i­cal the­o­ry: From trans­for­ma­tion­al gram­mar to con­straint-​based ap­proach­es,

  • - Frank Richter (2006): A Web-Based Course in Grammar Formalisms and Parsing,

  • - Stefan Müller (2007): Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar: Eine Einführung. Stauffenberg Einführungen, Band 17, Tübingen: Stauffenberg Verlag,

  • - Ivan Sag et al. (2003): Syntactic Theory: A Formal Introduction. CSLI Publications, Stanford, CA

Standard reference

  • - Carl Pollard and Ivan Sag (1994): Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar. University of Chicago Press.

TRALE (grammar-writing software)

  • - Manual
  • - Download (requires Sicstus Prolog)
  • - Download (standalone version for Linux, Sicstus Prolog not needed)
  • - Grammix -- bootable CD for every PC

Requirements to the exam -
Last update: Ing. Alexandr Rosen, Ph.D. (06.01.2020)

In order to qualify for the exam, students are expected to submit assignments during the term and present a project. Points are earned for both the assignments and the project. After reaching a specified number of points the exam is substituted by a discussion of the project, otherwise the exam is about topics of the seminar.

Syllabus -
Last update: T_UFAL (23.05.2007)

1. Theory, formalism, grammar, implementation

2. The choices: theories, formalisms, grammar development environments

3. Basics of HPSG: linguistic categories as a hierarchy of types, grammar and lexicon as a set of constraints

4. A simple sentence (word order, valency)

5. Agreement, case assignment

6. Semantic interpretation

7. Adjuncts

8. Non-finite verb forms, complex verb forms, complex predicates

9. Discontinuous (non-projective) word order

10. Coordination

11. Relative clause

12. Anaphora

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