Information Structure of Sentences and Discourse Structure - NPFL082
Title: Informační struktura věty a výstavba diskurzu
Guaranteed by: Institute of Formal and Applied Linguistics (32-UFAL)
Faculty: Faculty of Mathematics and Physics
Actual: from 2022
Semester: summer
E-Credits: 2
Hours per week, examination: summer s.:0/2, C [HT]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: unlimited
4EU+: no
Virtual mobility / capacity: no
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech, English
Teaching methods: full-time
Teaching methods: full-time
Additional information:
Guarantor: PhDr. Šárka Zikánová, Ph.D.
prof. PhDr. Eva Hajičová, DrSc.
Class: DS, matematická lingvistika
Informatika Mgr. - Matematická lingvistika
Classification: Informatics > Computer and Formal Linguistics
Is incompatible with: NPFX082
Is interchangeable with: NPFX082
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Annotation -
The information structure distinguishes a topic of the sentence and its focus (new information). This kind of structure is a basis for the study of complex units (texts). The lecture deals with the semantic scope of this structure, its formal expression in a language and its formal description, on the material of the Prague Dependency Treebank. We focus on the issues of the construction of the upper units (discourse), the interplay between information structure, coreference and discursive relations in the narrower sense. Taught in Czech or English.
Last update: Mírovský Jiří, RNDr., Ph.D. (22.05.2023)
Course completion requirements -

Active work in the lessons

Performance of homeworks within given deadlines

The examination cannot be repeated.

Last update: ZIKANOVA (09.10.2017)
Literature -
  • FIRBAS, Jan. Functional sentence perspective in written and spoken communication. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.
  • MATHESIUS, Vilém. Čeština a obecný jazykozpyt. Praha: Melantrich, 1947.
  • NEDOLUZHKO, Anna: Rozšířená textová koreference a asociační anafora (Koncepce anotace českých dat v Pražském závislostním korpusu). Copyright © Ústav formální a aplikované lingvistiky, Praha, Česká republika, ISBN 978-80-904571-2-6, 268 pp., 2011.
  • SGALL, Petr; HAJIČOVÁ, Eva; BURÁŇOVÁ, Eva. Aktuální členění věty v češtině. Praha: Academia, 1980.
  • SGALL, Petr; HAJIČOVÁ, Eva; PANEVOVÁ, Jarmila. The Meaning of the Sentence in Its Semantic and Pragmatic Aspects. Dordrecht: Reidel Publishing Company; Praha: Academia, 1986.
  • ZIKÁNOVÁ, Šárka; HAJIČOVÁ, Eva; HLADKÁ, Barbora; JÍNOVÁ, Pavlína; MÍROVSKÝ, Jiří; NEDOLUZHKO, Anna; POLÁKOVÁ, Lucie; RYSOVÁ, Kateřina; RYSOVÁ, Magdaléna; VÁCL, Jan. Discourse and Coherence. From the Sentence Structure to Relations in Text. Copyright © ÚFAL, Praha, Czechia, ISBN 978-80-904571-8-8, 274 pp., 2015.
  • ZIKÁNOVÁ, Šárka; POLÁKOVÁ, Lucie; JÍNOVÁ, Pavlína; NEDOLUZHKO, Anna; RYSOVÁ, Magdaléna; MÍROVSKÝ, Jiří; HAJIČOVÁ, Eva. Zachycení výstavby textu v Pražském závislostním korpusu . In: Slovo a slovesnost, Vol. 76, Copyright © Ústav pro jazyk český AV ČR, ISSN 0037-7031, pp. 163-197, 2015.

Last update: Vidová Hladká Barbora, doc. Mgr., Ph.D. (29.01.2019)
Syllabus -
  1. Information structure of a sentence (in the Czech traditional terminology: topic-focus articulation) as a semanticly relevant aspect of the sentential structure and means of the expression of the topic-focus articulation in different types of languages.
  2. Treatment of the information structure in the formal description of a language.
  3. Information structure and its annotation in the Prague Dependency Treebank.
  4. Use of the annotated electronic corpus for a verification of linguistic hypotheses, with a special concern on the information structure.
  5. From the structure of the sentence to the discourse structure: how the observations of the sentential structure can be used in the study of different aspects of discourse.
  6. The common stock of knowledge of the speaker and the hearer and the salience of single elements within the stock. Application of the theory in the analysis of texts belonging to different styles.
  7. The reference of expressions in a text, anaphoric relations, coreference.
  8. The treatment of the coreference in the Prague Dependency Treebank; possibilities of an automatic analysis of coreferential relations.
  9. Discourse relations and their treatment in the Prague Dependency Treebank
Last update: Vidová Hladká Barbora, doc. Mgr., Ph.D. (29.01.2019)