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Course, academic year 2022/2023
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Introduction to General Linguistics - NPFL063
Title: Úvod do obecné lingvistiky
Guaranteed by: Institute of Formal and Applied Linguistics (32-UFAL)
Faculty: Faculty of Mathematics and Physics
Actual: from 2020
Semester: winter
E-Credits: 4
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:2/1, C+Ex [HT]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: unlimited
Virtual mobility / capacity: no
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech, English
Teaching methods: full-time
Additional information:
Note: course can be enrolled in outside the study plan
Guarantor: RNDr. Jiří Hana, Ph.D.
Class: Informatika Mgr. - Matematická lingvistika
Classification: Informatics > Computer and Formal Linguistics
Is co-requisite for: NPFL064
Is incompatible with: NPFX063
Is interchangeable with: NPFX063
Annotation -
Last update: T_UFAL (11.05.2010)
The course will help students to get familiar with fundamental features of human language, its structure and development, its place in the society, etc. It also introduces linguistics as a science, its history and methodology, with focus on structural linguistics.
Course completion requirements -
Last update: RNDr. Jiří Hana, Ph.D. (10.06.2019)

To get a Zapocet:

  • submit all (typically 4) homework assignments
  • write an article on a selected topic

The exam is written (open-book, any reference literature allowed).

See the website for more info.

Literature -
Last update: T_UFAL (11.05.2010)

V. Fromkin, R. Rodman, N. Hyams: An Introduction to Language. 8th edition or later; preferably the International edition of 8th edition, Heinle, 2006.

D. Crystal: The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language. Cambridge University Press; 1997

A.Erhart, Základy jazykovědy, SPN Praha 1990.

Fr. Čermák, Jazyk a jazykověda (Přehled a slovníky), Pražská imaginace Praha, 1994, 1. vydání; 1997, 2. vydání, 2001, 3. vydání Karolinum

J.Černý, Dějiny lingvistiky, Votobia Olomouc, 1997.

J.Černý, Úvod do studia jazyka, Rubico Olomouc 1998.

E. Hajičová - P. Sgall - J. Panevová, Úvod do teoretické a počítačové lingvistiky, Svazek 1: Teoretická lingvistika. Karolinum: Praha 2002.

Requirements to the exam -
Last update: RNDr. Jiří Hana, Ph.D. (10.06.2019)

The grade is given on the basis of homework assignments (20%), an article (30%), final (40%), and active class participation (10%). The final exam is in-class and the students can use use any notes or literature. More info on the course website.

Syllabus -
Last update: T_UFAL (11.05.2010)

1. Semiotics, properties of sign systems, specifics of language signs. Language typology.

2. Phonetics: Phones and their classification, International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA). Phonetics of Czech and English. Prosody. Categorical perception.

3. Phonology: Phonotactics, phonological rules.

4. Morphology: Morphemes and their classification, morphological proceses.

5. Syntax: Phrase and dependency grammars. Structural ambiguity. Subcategorization, agreement, word-order, clitics. Basic overview of grammar formalisms (Government and Binding, HPSG, Categorial grammar).

6. History of linguistics: pre-structural linguistics (neogrammarians). Ferdinand de Saussure - the founder of structural linguistics. Glossematics & The Copenhagen School.

7. Functional linguistics according to the Prague School of Linguistics (language function, opposition system, assymetric dualism, form and function).

8. Prague School of Linguistics - sociolinguistic approach, sentence perspective, word-order.

9. Semantics and pragmatics: Meaning of words and sentences. Formal models of meaning. Context.

10. Historical linguistics: Types of language change, language reconstruction. Language families. Developmen of Czech and English. Attitudes toward language change.

11. Psycholinguistics: Language and the brain, aphasias. Language acquisition. Methods of the psycholinguistic research.

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