SubjectsSubjects(version: 875)
Course, academic year 2020/2021
  
Introduction to Formal Linguistics - NPFL006
Title: Úvod do formální lingvistiky
Guaranteed by: Institute of Formal and Applied Linguistics (32-UFAL)
Faculty: Faculty of Mathematics and Physics
Actual: from 2019
Semester: winter
E-Credits: 3
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:2/0 Ex [hours/week]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: unlimited
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech, English
Teaching methods: full-time
Additional information: http://ufal.mff.cuni.cz/courses/npfl006
Guarantor: Mgr. Magda Ševčíková, Ph.D.
Class: Informatika Mgr. - Matematická lingvistika
Classification: Informatics > Computer and Formal Linguistics
Annotation -
Last update: Mgr. Barbora Vidová Hladká, Ph.D. (25.01.2019)
The course guides students through selected linguistic frameworks used for formal description of natural languages, with a focus on syntactic issues and with references to relevant language resources. After a summary of European Structuralism, dependency-based frameworks are introduced (Functional Generative Description, Meaning-Text Theory) and compared to constituency-based frameworks. Milestones of Chomsky’s generative grammar are explained (from the 1950’s to Minimalism) and discussed in relation to Case Grammar, Frame Semantics, and Construction Grammar, all connected with C. Fillmore.
Course completion requirements -
Last update: Mgr. Magda Ševčíková, Ph.D. (29.10.2019)

Course completion requirements:

1. Short in-class check-up tests at the beginning of each lecture - passing 7 out of 9 check-ups required to take the final exam

2. Active participation

3. Final exam: an in-class test at the end of the term - grading based on the final exam

Literature -
Last update: Mgr. Magda Ševčíková, Ph.D. (17.01.2019)

Allan, K.: The Oxford Handbook of the History of Linguistics. Oxford University Press 2013.

Chomsky, N.: Lectures on Government and Binding. Dordrecht 1981.

Chomsky, N.: Syntactic Structures. The Hague 1957.

Chomsky, N.: The Minimalist Program. Cambridge, Mass. 1995.

Fillmore, C. J.: The Case for Case. In Bach and Harms (eds.): Universals in Linguistic Theory. New York 1968, pp. 1–88.

Fillmore, C. J.: The Mechanisms of ‘Construction Grammar’. In Proceedings of the Fourteenth Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistic Society 14, 1988, pp. 35–55.

Hajič J., Hajičová E., Mikulová M., Mírovský J.: Prague Dependency Treebank. In N. Ide & J. Pustejovsky (eds.): Handbook of Linguistic Annotation. Dordrecht 2017, pp. 555–594.

Hajičová, E.: Issues of sentence structure and discourse patterns. Prague 1993.

Kahane, S.: The Meaning-Text Theory. In Dependency and Valency. An International Handbook of Contemporary Research. Vol. 1. Berlin 2003, pp. 546–570.

Luelsdorff, P. A. (ed.): The Prague School of Structural and Functional Linguistics. Amsterdam/Philadelphia 1994.

Matthews, P. H.: The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics. Oxford 2007.

Robins, R. H.: A short history of linguistics. Longman 1984.

Saussure, F. de: Cours de linguistique générale. Paris 1972.

  • Course in General Linguistics. Transl. by R. Harris. London 1983.
  • Kurs obecné lingvistiky. Přel. F. Čermák. Praha 1989.

Seuren, P.: Western Linguistics: An Historical Introduction. Wiley 1998.

Sgall, P., Hajičová, E., Panevová, J.: The Meaning of the Sentence in Its Semantic and Pragmatic Aspects. Dordrecht/Prague 1986.

Requirements to the exam - Czech
Last update: Mgr. Magda Ševčíková, Ph.D. (29.10.2019)

Závěrečný test ověřuje znalost témat probraných v přednášce, klasifikace bude udělena na základě závěrečného testu.

Syllabus -
Last update: Mgr. Magda Ševčíková, Ph.D. (17.01.2019)

Structuralist tradition in European linguistics

Functional Generative Description

  • function-form correlation, multi-layered description of the language system
  • dependency approach to syntax based on valency theory, topic-focus articulation
  • FGP as the theoretical framework for annotation scenarios of Prague Dependency Treebanks, multi-lingual language data resources

Meaning-Text Theory

Transformational Generative Grammar

  • competence vs performance, language faculty
  • application of formal grammar to natural languages, generation of sentences, transformations
  • Lexicalist Hypothesis, X-bar Theory, Government & Binding Theory, Minimalism

Charles J. Fillmore

  • Case Grammar, Frame Semantics
  • FrameNet database

Construction grammar

 
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