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Course, academic year 2019/2020
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Physics III - NOFY039
Title in English: Fyzika III
Guaranteed by: Laboratory of General Physics Education (32-KVOF)
Faculty: Faculty of Mathematics and Physics
Actual: from 2019
Semester: winter
E-Credits: 9
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:4/2 C+Ex [hours/week]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: unlimited
State of the course: not taught
Language: Czech
Teaching methods: full-time
Guarantor: prof. RNDr. Roman Grill, CSc.
prof. Ing. Jan Franc, DrSc.
Class: Fyzikální předmět pro bakaláře
Classification: Physics > General Subjects
Annotation -
Last update: T_FUUK (15.05.2003)
Quantum physics. Atoms, molecules, condensed phase. Nuclei, elementary particles. For bachelor students.
Aim of the course -
Last update: T_KVOF (28.03.2008)

Quantum physics. Atoms, molecules, condensed phase.

Nuclei, elementary particles. For bachelor students.

Course completion requirements - Czech
Last update: prof. RNDr. Roman Grill, CSc. (13.06.2019)

Aktivní účast na cvičení

Ústní zkouška

Literature - Czech
Last update: RNDr. Pavel Zakouřil, Ph.D. (05.08.2002)

Beiser: Úvod do moderní fyziky, ACADEMIA Praha 1978

Úlehla, Suk, Trka: Atomy - jádra - částice, ACADEMIA Praha 1990

Teaching methods - Czech
Last update: T_KVOF (28.03.2008)

přednáška + cvičení

Requirements to the exam - Czech
Last update: Mgr. Hana Kudrnová (14.06.2019)

Otázky zkoušky se shodují se sylabem.

Syllabus -
Last update: T_FUUK (15.05.2003)

Special theory of relativity. Length, time. Mass and energy. Light velocity. Dualism.

Particle properties of waves and wave properties of particles. Structure of atom. Thompson, Rutherford, Bohr and quantum model of atom.

Schrödinger equation. Particle in box, harmonic oscillator.

Atomic spectra, hydrogen atom, spectral series.

Statistical mechanics. Distributions, Planck law.

Basic characteristics of nucleus. Binding energy of nucleus, properties of nuclear forces. Drop and shell model of nucleus.

Radioactivity. General properties, decay law. Alpha, beta, and gamma decay. Application of nuclear radiation.

Nuclear reaction. Effective crossection, mean free path. Nuclear fissure and thermonuclear synthesis.

Elemental particles. Basic characteristics. Quantum numbers. Leptons and hadrons. Quarks and gluons. Annihilation and creation of particles. Antiparticles.

 
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