SubjectsSubjects(version: 850)
Course, academic year 2019/2020
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Biothermodynamics - NMMO531
Title in English: Biotermodynamika
Guaranteed by: Mathematical Institute of Charles University (32-MUUK)
Faculty: Faculty of Mathematics and Physics
Actual: from 2017 to 2019
Semester: winter
E-Credits: 5
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:2/2 C+Ex [hours/week]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: unlimited
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech, English
Teaching methods: full-time
Guarantor: prof. Ing. František Maršík, DrSc.
Class: M Mgr. MOD
M Mgr. MOD > Povinně volitelné
Classification: Mathematics > Mathematical Modeling in Physics
Incompatibility : NMOD036
Interchangeability : NMOD036
Annotation -
Last update: T_MUUK (14.05.2013)
The limits of the application of some thermodynamical quantities (e.g. temperature, entropy, chemical potential) to the living systems and their compartments, e.g. membranes, cells, muscles, bones, etc. Balance laws of mass, momentum, electrical and magnetical induction, energy and entropy. Chemical kinetics and chemical thermodynamics. Non-equilibrium thermodynamics, Prigogin's principle of the minimum entropy production. Structure and function of biological cells, membrane transport. Electrical activity of neural and muscle cells - Hodgkin-Huxley model. FitzHugh-Nagumo model of excited tissue. Biological oscillations, thermodynamical aspects of biological evolution, bone remodelation, hemodynamics of the human cardiovascular system.
Course completion requirements -
Last update: Mgr. Dalibor Šmíd, Ph.D. (13.06.2019)

Oral examination. To take the exam students have to obtain the credit first.

Literature - Czech
Last update: doc. Mgr. Petr Kaplický, Ph.D. (09.06.2015)

[1] Alberts B.,Bray D. a kol:Základy buněčné biologie, Espero Publishing, Ústí nad Labem 2001

[2] Valenta J.a kol. Biomechanika, Academia 1985

[3] Maršík F, Dvořák I. :Biotermodynamika, Academia 1998

[4] Kodíček M. Karpenko V.: Biofyzikální chemie Academia 2000

Syllabus -
Last update: T_MUUK (14.05.2013)
  • The limits of the application of some thermodynamic quantities (e.g. temperature, entropy, chemical potential) to the living systems and their compartments, e.g. membranes, cells, muscles, bones, etc.
  • Balance laws of mass, momentum, electrical and magnetic induction, energy and entropy.
  • Chemical kinetics and chemical thermodynamics.
  • Non-equilibrium thermodynamics, Prigogin's principle of the minimum entropy production.
  • Structure and function of biological cells, membrane transport. Electrical activity of neural and muscle cells -Hodgkin-Huxley model. FitzHugh-Nagumo model of excited tissue.
  • Biological oscillations, thermodynamic aspects of biological evolution.
  • Bone remodeling, hemodynamics of the human cardiovascular system.

 
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