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Course, academic year 2023/2024
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Mesoscale Atmospheric Processes - NMEX031
Title: Atmosférické procesy mezosynoptického měřítka
Guaranteed by: Student Affairs Department (32-STUD)
Faculty: Faculty of Mathematics and Physics
Actual: from 2022
Semester: winter
E-Credits: 4
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:3/0, Ex [HT]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: unlimited
4EU+: no
Virtual mobility / capacity: no
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech
Teaching methods: full-time
Teaching methods: full-time
Is provided by: NMET031
Guarantor: doc. Mgr. Michal Žák, Ph.D.
Classification: Physics > Meteorology and Climatology
Incompatibility : NMET031
Interchangeability : NMET031
Annotation -
Last update: BRECHLER/MFF.CUNI.CZ (25.04.2008)
Definition and specification of mesoscale processes, their physical mechanism. Methods of diagnosis and forecast of these processes. Knowledge gained from lectures NMET023, NMET002, NMET035, NMET036 are supposed
Aim of the course -
Last update: BRECHLER/MFF.CUNI.CZ (25.04.2008)

Student gaines knowledge about atmospheric processes that are characterized with certain temporal and spatial scales.

Course completion requirements - Czech
Last update: doc. Mgr. Jiří Mikšovský, Ph.D. (13.02.2019)

Zkouška je ústní a její požadavky odpovídají sylabu předmětu v rozsahu, který byl prezentován na přednášce.

Literature - Czech
Last update: doc. Mgr. Jiří Mikšovský, Ph.D. (13.02.2019)

Markowski, P. and Richardson, Y.: Mesoscale meteorology in Midlatitudes, Willey-Blackwell, 2010

P.S.Ray: Mesoscale Meteorology and Forecasting. AMS 1981

Teaching methods -
Last update: BRECHLER/MFF.CUNI.CZ (25.04.2008)


Requirements to the exam -
Last update: BRECHLER/MFF.CUNI.CZ (25.04.2008)

Examination (see sylabus).

Syllabus -
Last update: BRECHLER/MFF.CUNI.CZ (25.04.2008)

1. Specification and characterization of the meso-scale and mesoscale processes. History. Temporal and spatial scales. Role of mesoscale processes from the view of energy spectral transport.

2. Basic types of instabilities in the atmosphere. Buyoant instability, inertial (symmetric) instability, Kelvin-Helmholtz waves, Brunt-Väisälä frequency.

3. Gravity waves, mechanism of creation, transport of momentum and energy.

4. Mountain waves, Förchtgott's classification, Scorer parameter, basic simplified model of the lee waves.

5. Thermally induced circulation, vertical density scale, shallow and deep circulation.

6. Atmospheric fronts and jet-streams. Frontogenetic function, frontogenesis and frontolysis, Kinematics and dynamics of frontogenesis and frontolysis, models. Q vector. Role of ageostrofic flow. Tropopause.

Registration requirements - Czech
Last update: doc. Mgr. Jiří Mikšovský, Ph.D. (13.02.2019)

absolvování předmětu "Synoptická meteorologie II" (NMET036)

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