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Course, academic year 2019/2020
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Synoptic Meteorology II - NMET036
Title in English: Synoptická meteorologie II
Guaranteed by: Department of Atmospheric Physics (32-KFA)
Faculty: Faculty of Mathematics and Physics
Actual: from 2016 to 2019
Semester: winter
E-Credits: 4
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:3/0 Ex [hours/week]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: unlimited
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech
Teaching methods: full-time
Guarantor: Mgr. Michal Žák, Ph.D.
Classification: Physics > Meteorology and Climatology
Annotation -
Last update: T_KMOP (14.04.2004)
Atmospheric fronts, the structure of cyclones and anticyclones in the mid latitudes and their diagnosis and prediction. Relations between numerical weather prediction methods and classical Bergen school methods.
Aim of the course -
Last update: ZAK/MFF.CUNI.CZ (02.04.2008)

The gain of this lecture is to give information about basic atmospheric features influencing the weather, possibilities of their description by classical Norwegian meteorological school and by modern numerical forecasting methods.

Course completion requirements -
Last update: Mgr. Michal Žák, Ph.D. (07.06.2019)

Oral examination.

Literature -
Last update: Mgr. Michal Žák, Ph.D. (01.09.2011)

Palmen and Newton: Atmospheric circulation systems: their structure and physical interpretation, New York, Academic Press, 1969.

C. Newton, and E.O. Holopainen, : Extratropical Cyclones, The Erik Palmen Memorial Volume.American Meteorological Society, Boston, 1990.

Manfred Kurz: Synoptic Meteorology, Offenbach am Main, DWD, 1998.

Patrick Santurette and Christo G. Georgiev: Weather Analysis and Forecasting, Elsevier Academic Press, 2005.

J. Kopáček a J. Bednář: Jak vzniká počasí, Karolinum, Praha 2005 (in Czech only).

Teaching methods -
Last update: ZAK/MFF.CUNI.CZ (02.04.2008)


Requirements to the exam -
Last update: ZAK/MFF.CUNI.CZ (12.04.2008)

Knowledge as stated in the Syllabus.

Syllabus -
Last update: T_KMOP (14.04.2004)

The structure of polar fronts, conditions of frontogenesis and frontolysis, models of warm, cold and occluded fronts, typical weather on various types of fronts, mesoscale structures in the are of frontal systems, front analysis.

General aspects of extratropical cyclones, life cycle of cyclones, thermal and vertical structure of cyclones during their development, cyclone families, development of anticyclones, typical weather in cyclones and anticyclones, suplementary factors concerning cyclogenesis and anticyclogenesis. Models of cyclogenesis and anticyclogenesis. Upper level cyclones and anticyclones. Jet streams.

Using of numerical weather prediction methods in synoptic praxis, forecast of synoptic situation, general principles of temperature, precipitation, cloud and extreme phenomena forecast, forecast of cyclones and anticyclones develeopment.

Entry requirements -
Last update: ZAK/MFF.CUNI.CZ (02.04.2008)

Knowledge gained from lecture "Synoptic Meteorology I" is supposed.

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