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Course, academic year 2023/2024
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Synoptic Meteorology I - NMET035
Title: Synoptická meteorologie I
Guaranteed by: Department of Atmospheric Physics (32-KFA)
Faculty: Faculty of Mathematics and Physics
Actual: from 2016
Semester: summer
E-Credits: 3
Hours per week, examination: summer s.:2/0, Ex [HT]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: unlimited
4EU+: no
Virtual mobility / capacity: no
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech, English
Teaching methods: full-time
Teaching methods: full-time
Guarantor: doc. Mgr. Michal Žák, Ph.D.
Classification: Physics > Meteorology and Climatology
Is interchangeable with: NMET016
Annotation -
Last update: doc. Mgr. Jiří Mikšovský, Ph.D. (15.05.2020)
Composition and vertical structure of the Earth's atmosphere, diurnal and annual variation of meteorological elements. Stability criteria of air masses, their application to the detailed description of pressure systems and atmospheric fronts. Air masses.
Aim of the course -
Last update: ZAK/MFF.CUNI.CZ (12.04.2008)

The main task of this lecture are the basic atmosphere features, including characteristics of meteorological elements, their time and spatial distribution, and further with air masses characterstics.

Course completion requirements -
Last update: doc. Mgr. Michal Žák, Ph.D. (07.06.2019)

Oral examination.

Literature -
Last update: doc. Mgr. Michal Žák, Ph.D. (15.05.2020)

J. Kopáček, J. Bednář, M. Žák: Jak vzniká počasí, Karolinum Praha, 2019 (in Czech only).

A.S. Zverev: Synoptic Meteorology, Alfa Bratislava, SNTL Praha 1986 (in Slovak only).

For english literature, please, discuss with teacher.

Teaching methods -
Last update: ZAK/MFF.CUNI.CZ (02.04.2008)


Requirements to the exam -
Last update: ZAK/MFF.CUNI.CZ (12.04.2008)

Knowledge as stated in the Syllabus.

Syllabus -
Last update: doc. Mgr. Michal Žák, Ph.D. (26.09.2011)

Earth atmosphere, its chemical composition and structure, importance of trace gases, changes of air pressure and density with height, daily and annual course, extremes.

Warming and cooling of active surface, heat spreading in soil and water, surface temperature and its periodical changes, warming and cooling of air, courses of air temperature, temperature changes with heigth, dry and saturated adiabatic lapse rate, air temperature inversion, conditions of stability of atmosphere.

Hydrological cycle, physical point of evapotraspiration, condensation and sublimation, classification of fogs, mist, haze, creation and growth of atmospheric precipitation and its characteristics.

Role of synoptic meteorology, general information about meteorological service, construction of weather charts, analysis of meteorological fields of weather elements.

Air masses, their origin, geographical and thermal classification and characteristics, typical weather ind stable and unstable air masses, transformation of air masses.

Entry requirements -
Last update: ZAK/MFF.CUNI.CZ (02.04.2008)

No special requirements.

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