SubjectsSubjects(version: 875)
Course, academic year 2020/2021
Atmospheric Turbulence - NMET032
Title: Turbulence v atmosféře
Guaranteed by: Department of Atmospheric Physics (32-KFA)
Faculty: Faculty of Mathematics and Physics
Actual: from 2020
Semester: winter
E-Credits: 4
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:3/0 Ex [hours/week]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: unlimited
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech, English
Teaching methods: full-time
Guarantor: prof. RNDr. Zbyněk Jaňour, DrSc.
Mgr. Vladimír Fuka, Ph.D.
Classification: Physics > Meteorology and Climatology
Annotation -
Last update: JANOUR/MFF.CUNI.CZ (07.05.2008)
It acquaints with fundamental characteristics of the turbulent flow. It introduces the turbulent flow equations and it introduces the turbulence modells.
Aim of the course -
Last update: JANOUR/MFF.CUNI.CZ (07.05.2008)

Aquaint students with main characteristics and methods of description of the turbulent flow in the atmosphere.

Course completion requirements - Czech
Last update: Mgr. Jiří Mikšovský, Ph.D. (19.10.2017)

Ústní zkouška v rozsahu témat daných sylabem.

Literature - Czech
Last update: JANOUR/MFF.CUNI.CZ (07.05.2008)

(1) H.Tennekes, J.L.Lumley: A First Course in Turbulence, The MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass, (1972)

(2) H.A.Panofsky, J.A.Dutton: Atmospheric Turbulence, John Wiley and sons, (1984)

(3) R.S.Azad: The Atmospheric Boundary Layer for Engineers, Kluwer Academic Publishers (1993)

Teaching methods -
Last update: JANOUR/MFF.CUNI.CZ (07.05.2008)

Course of lectures.

Requirements to the exam - Czech
Last update: Mgr. Jiří Mikšovský, Ph.D. (19.10.2017)

Ústní zkouška v rozsahu témat daných sylabem.

Syllabus -
Last update: T_KMOP (10.05.2004)

Introduction- definition of turbulence, history, characteristics.

Flow kinematics - dynamical system (Lorenz model), Cellular Automata Model, kinetic theory, continuum.

Statistical description of turbulence, Reynolds conditions, equations of motion, continuity equation - shallow water approximation, closure problem, higher order correlation tensor, theory of turbulence.

Homogeneous and isotropic turbulence - characteristics, correlation tensor, equations of motion.

Turbulent diffusion - Lagrangian analysis

Turbulence models - algebraic (Prandtl´s momentum transfer theory, Taylor's vorticity transport theory, Von Kármán´s similarity hypothesis) one-point turbulence models (k-? model)

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