Dynamic meteorology - NMET023
Title: Dynamická meteorologie
Guaranteed by: Department of Atmospheric Physics (32-KFA)
Faculty: Faculty of Mathematics and Physics
Actual: from 2020
Semester: winter
E-Credits: 6
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:3/1, C+Ex [HT]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: unlimited
4EU+: no
Virtual mobility / capacity: no
State of the course: not taught
Language: Czech, English
Teaching methods: full-time
Teaching methods: full-time
Guarantor: doc. RNDr. Tomáš Halenka, CSc.
Classification: Physics > Meteorology and Climatology
Incompatibility : NMET074
Interchangeability : NMET074
Is incompatible with: NMET074
Is interchangeable with: NMET074, NMET022
Opinion survey results   Examination dates   Schedule   Noticeboard   
Annotation -
Thermodynamic system in the atmosphere and ocean, I. and II. law of thermodynamics in the atmosphere, balance in thermodynamics, dry adiabatic processes, adiabatic processes in the ocean, thermodynamics of moist air, saturation, phase changes, pseudo-adiabatic process in moist air. Hydrostatic equilibrium, models of the Earth's atmosphere, standard atmosphere, vertical stability of the atmosphere and ocean. Coordinate systems for equation of atmosphere, primitive equations, types of the atmospheric flow, vertical structure of flow field, horizontal and vertical structure of pressure field, synoptic systems, atmospheric fronts and frontogenesis, divergence and continuity equation, vorticity and circulation, potential vorticity. Time variations in the atmosphere, pressure tendency, vorticity equation, divergence theorem. Mass - flow balance in the atmosphere, omega equation, waves in the atmosphere. Energetics of the atmosphere, general circulation, stratospheric circulation, circulation in ocean, tropical circulation.
Last update: T_KMOP (25.04.2001)
Aim of the course -

The main objective of the subject is to introduce theoretical basis of atmospheric dynamics. The subject provides deeper insight into the physical concepts in application to the atmosphere, especially atmospheric thermodynamics and dynamic meteorology.

Last update: HALENKA/MFF.CUNI.CZ (01.05.2008)
Course completion requirements - Czech

Zápočet - uděluje se za účast na cvičeních, za provedenou analýzu termodynamického diagramu a její zdůvodnění. Je podmínkou ke zkoušce z předmětu, která je ústní.

Last update: Halenka Tomáš, doc. RNDr., CSc. (15.10.2017)
Literature -
  • Pechala, Bednár: Prírucka dynamické meteorologie (Academia Praha, 1991)
  • Curry, Webster: Thermodynamics of Atmospheres & Oceans (Academic Press, London, 1999)
  • Holton: An Introduction to dynamic meteorology, Fourth Edition (Academic Press, New York, 2004)
  • Gill: Atmosphere - Ocean Dynamics (Academic Press, New York, 1982)
  • Trenberth: Climate System Modeling (Cambridge University Press, 1992)
Last update: HALENKA/MFF.CUNI.CZ (05.05.2008)
Teaching methods -

lecture with excercises

Last update: HALENKA/MFF.CUNI.CZ (05.05.2008)
Requirements to the exam - Czech

Učivo v rozsahu přednášené látky plus eventuálních stanovených částí doporučené literatury, ústní formou

Last update: Halenka Tomáš, doc. RNDr., CSc. (13.10.2017)
Syllabus -

Thermodynamic system in the atmosphere and ocean, I. and II. law of thermodynamics in the atmosphere, balance in thermodynamics, dry adiabatic processes, adiabatic processes in the ocean, thermodynamics of moist air, saturation, phase changes, pseudo-adiabatic process in moist air.

Hydrostatic equilibrium, models of the Earth's atmosphere, standard atmosphere, vertical stability of the atmosphere and ocean.

Coordinate systems for equation of atmosphere, primitive equations, types of the atmospheric flow, vertical structure of flow field, horizontal and vertical structure of pressure field, synoptic systems, atmospheric fronts and frontogenesis.

Time variations in the atmosphere, pressure tendency, tendency of relative topography, vorticity equation, divergence theorem. divergence and continuity equation, vorticity and circulation, potential vorticity.

Mass - flow balance in the atmosphere, omega equation, waves in the atmosphere.

Energetics of the atmosphere, general circulation, stratospheric circulation, circulation in ocean, tropical circulation.

Last update: Halenka Tomáš, doc. RNDr., CSc. (06.05.2004)